|A= County Norfolkshire, Egland|
|St Mary's the Virgin in Saxlingham-Nethergate Parish|
"During the sixteenth century Saxlingham's 'gentry' seems to have consisted of wealthy yeoman families, one of which was the Tutthills. The Tutthills are mentioned much earlier but by 1550s appear from the records to have been wealthy and charitable."
|Click to Enlarge and it will be readable|
We really do not know much about our Tuthill ancestors from the 15th and 16th centuries other than they all lived in Saxlingham Nathergate and as far back as historians/genealogists have traced the family line, they were all wealthy landowners. In England during this time period very few families had wealth and since there was almost no middle class, the vast majority of everyone living in England was poor. We know that John Tuthill (1550-1618) married a woman named Elizabeth Woolmer, my 12th great grandmother. John's father, was named John Tuthill (1518-1579) and he married my 13th great grandmother Elizabeth Hodkins (1520-1588). The earliest of the known Tuthills living in Saxlingham Nathergate was my 14th great grandfather who was also named John Tuthill (1485-1543). Other than a few church records very little is known about my 14th great grandfather other than he married a woman named Deliverance Kinge and of course from their church records, we know the dates of their baptisms and their deaths. Hopefully if the comment made in the Saxlingham Nethergate Parish website that we quoted above is correct, besides being wealthy, my Tuthill ancestors were also "charitable." We do know for certain that at the very least my 11th great grandfather, Henry Tuthill (1580-1618) was charitable, for in his last will and testament he writes "I give to the poore people of Tharston aforesaid fortie shillings of lawfull money of England to be paid within one month after my decease." We suspect that considering the disparity of income in England during this period of history and the importance of religion, donations by the wealthy to the poor was mandatory if one expected to be admitted into heaven. Makes sense.
The time period in England in which our 10th great grandfather Henry grew up was tumultuous at the very least. Charles 1 became King of England in 1625 when Henry was 13 years old. King Charles 1 believed in an absolute monarchy and in the "divine right of Kings" and considering that he married a Roman Catholic and strongly believed that the Church of England's past Roman Catholic traditions and manners should not be changed, it is not surprising that in 1629 King Charles I dissolved the British Parliament that was composed in large part of Puritans. The Puritans as we know were strongly advocating changing the church. The issues between the two parties were both domestic as well as religious but the dissolving of Parliament and the subsequent arresting of many of the King's opponents in the following months, plus many other radical and unpopular actions by the King, were so unpopular that eleven years later there was a Civil War in England that eventually resulted is the total dissolving of the British Crown and the subsequent execution of King Henry in 1649. In the meantime of course, our great grandfather Henry Tuthill and thousands of other Puritan families left England for other parts of the world.
While the records are unclear, it is believed that Henry Tuthill married Bridget Burton in 1634, probably in the St Mary's Church in Tharston, and in 1635 their son John was born. John Tuthill is my 9th great grandfather. The exact date that Henry, Bridget, and their newborn baby boy John departed from England to America is not known for certain. One of the first dependable written records of Henry Tuthill in America is when he became a Freeman in Hingham, Massachusetts in March of 1638 although some historians write that in 1635 he was granted a "planting lot" off Broad Cove (Road) in Hingham and a house lot in Hingham in 1636. We did find Henry's name in the "History of Hingham" published in 1893 listing him as having received a land grant in Hingham as early as 1635 which if correct means that his son John born in 1635 must have either been a new born when he crossed the Atlantic Ocean or he was actually born in America. Incidentally, Henry's name is listed in this history book as "Henry Tuttil".
The early arrival of the Henry Tuthill family in Hingham is very interesting for several reasons. First, the Tuthill family is one of a group of early Hingham settlers who are my great grandparents and secondly, my sister Anne and her husband John Fanton are current residents of Hingham, Massachusetts and they live not far from where Henry and his family lived from around 1637 until 1644. Perhaps we should not be surprised to discover that Hingham, Massachusetts is named after Hingham, England where many of the earliest Hingham settlers originated. Perhaps we should also not be surprised to discovered that Hingham in England is located only around 16 miles west of Tharston, Henry's home in Norfolkshire, England. This proximity might certainly suggest why Henry may have selected Hingham in Massachusetts to be his new home in America. He may very well have personally known in England some of these early immigrants. Traveling across a dangerous ocean with friends makes sense and as some historians have suggested, John Tuthill, Henry's older brother, may very well have been on the same ship. While this is speculative, it would make a lot of sense even if John Tuthill did not end up settling with his brother and his new family in Hingham.
|Old Burying Ground First Presbyterian|
John Tuthill (1635-1717) married young sixteen year old Deliverance Kinge (1641-1689) on the 17th day of February in 1657. Deliverance, my 9th great grandmother, was born in Salem, Massachusetts. After the death of her father William Kinge in 1650, her mother (who was of course my 10th great grandmother) Dorothy Hayne Kings, moved to Southold where obviously her young daughter met and married John Tuthill. Fortunately for John, now 22-years old, his new mother-in-law had inherited money at the death of her husband and John and his new bride Deliverance were granted when they married "a lot of commonage" in which to raise their new family. Their family eventually consisted of nine children including their oldest son John whom as we mentioned above married Mehitable Kinge. Apparently John Tuthill despite giving up part or all of his inheritance to his "father-in-law," was a highly successful man both financially as well as publically. The following description of my 9th great grandfather is quoted in multiple sites online and is worth repeating. "John Tuthill was a man of great enterprise, energy and will, controlled and guided by strong common sense, honesty of purpose, and religious principle. No man had, perhaps, to so great an extent, the confidence of the community, as the record trusts of Richard Brown and others, bear ample testimony. Tuthill was a trusted public officer, and a worthy private citizen."
|Map showing Orient, Long Island|
|Old Map of Orient, Long Island|
|Small green dot is Brookhaven Hamlet|
|Orange County, New York|
together they had seven children including their last child and my 5th great grandmother, Hannah Tuthill who was born in her parent's home in Blooming Grove, Orange County, New York on the 26th day of February in 1759. Unfortunately, Daniel Tuthill died at the relatively young age in the 18th century of 40 years old. His death occurred in the year 1761. We could find nothing significant about his life although he was probably a farmer and lived a relatively simply life. His last will and testament was recorded and saved and lists him as being in the precinct of Goshen in Orange County and leaving everything to his wife as long as she remained unmarried, and then thereafter his land to his two oldest sons and some money to everyone else. My grandmother Hannah who was only around two years when her father died is not mentioned by name in her father's will other than in the phrase "all the rest of my children." My grandmother Susannah Helme Tuthill apparently never remarried and lived probably under the care of her children until the ripe old age of 81 years old finally dying in Blooming Grove in the year 1803. Surprisingly, we could not locate the burial location of either of our Tuthill 6th great grandparents.