Friday, August 24, 2018

Chapter 64 - Our Buell

Movement of Buell Family in Connecticut
We were really quite surprised when we began our research on our Buell family ancestry to discover that there was an extensive book about this family that was written by Marian Buell Dye and titled "The Forebearer's and Descendants of George Buell". Her book was published in 1968. What really fascinated us, at least at first, was that Ms. Dye had traced her Buell ancestry all of the way back to a man named Robert de Bauvill who was born in England sometime before the year 1154 and died on or after 1189. Even more exciting was that this man was believed to have been descended from a Robert Beauville who came over to England with William the Conqueror in 1066. In her book she traces her Buell ancestry down to and past a man named William Buell (abt 1605-1681) who is both my 9th great grandfather as well as the first of our Buell ancestors to emigrate to America. He is also, at least according to Ms Dye, the 17th great grandson of Robert de Bauvill. What a family tree, although . . . . to bad as we soon discovered, that it is probably not accurate or at least there is no clear evidence that it is.  In any case, our first known "for sure" Buell ancestor is our William Buell and we will begin by exploring what is known about his and his family's life in America.

Founders Monument in Windsor, Connecticut
While it is not known for certain when and on what ship William Buell sailed on his voyage to America, some sources suggest he may have been aboard the Mary and John which arrived in what is now Dorchester, Massachusetts on March 20, 1630. While William's name appears on a listing of "Possible" passengers onboard Mary and John as opposed to a listing of the "Certain" or "Probable" passengers, what we find very interesting is that around twelve of the Certain and Probable passengers were my great grandparents. Combine this observation with the fact that all of these great grandparents are listed as being amoung the earliest settlers of Windsor, Connecticut, as was my 9th great grandfather, William Buell, this makes us believe that he too was likely onboard the Mary and John in 1630. Whether a fact or not, William Buell's name appears on the Founders Monument in Windsor that was built in 1930 and lists the names of 125 of Windsor's earliest settlers. Windsor as it turns out, is the first community settled in the future State of Connecticut with immigrants arriving in the year 1633, followed by the settlement of Wethersfield in 1634, and Hartford around the year 1635. Like the other early settlers of Windsor and so many of our other early ancestors in America, our William Buell was a Puritan who had left England to escape religious persecution.

Life was not easy for these early settlers of Connecticut for in the year 1636 they were forced to organize groups of soldiers to defend themselves against the Pequot Indian warriors who were attacking these new white settlers in numerous raids against their communities. Apparently the leaders of Windsor gathered together a group of around thirty soldiers to help battle the Pequots and it is believed that William Buell was one of these soldiers. While his name does not appear in any listing of the soldiers and the list is incomplete in any case, following the war around 1638, William Buell was one of the recipients of free land grants from his town most likely because of his service in the Pequot War. As a young single man at the time, his involvement in the war makes a lot of sense.

Book listing Woodworker William Buell
In November of 1640 William Buell married in Windsor a young girl by the name of Mary, my 9th great grandmother. Her maiden name is often listed as Mary Post although considering that nowhere could we find any of the early settlers in Windsor with a surname of Post, we have to wonder as to the accuracy of her surname. On the other hand, one of the early settlers in nearby Hartford, Connecticut was a man by the name of Stephen Post who some of the family trees on claim was a brother of our Mary. Whether this is an accurate fact or not is unknown. There are also other stories that claim that Mary and her parents were accidently placed on two separate ships in England, with Mary on the ship "Mary and John" and her parents placed on a different ship. Unfortunately the second ship is said to have been destroyed and then sunk due to a major storm and her parents were drowned. Who knows if this is accurate and frankly it seems unlikely. In any case, William and Mary are known following their marriage ten years later, to have had at least seven children including my 8th great grandfather and their oldest child, Samuel Buell (1641-1720) who was born on 2 September 1641. As far as we could determine our great grandfather William Buell was not a major leader in Windsor although his role as a carpenter, or a "Woodworker", made him a valuable person as he helped build a lot of the much needed furniture for all of his neighbors for many years. William died in November of 1681 and Mary died three years later in September 1684. Based on both of their wills, they were fairly well off especially considering that William was able to leave both land, and "My Tools" to his two sons and of course other items including money to his daughters and land and money to his wife.

Their son, Samuel Buell, married my 8th great grandmother, Deborah Griswold (1646-1719) in November of 1662. Deborah's father and my 9th great grandfather, Edward Griswold (1607-1691) was also an early founder of Windsor as well as being a very prominent citizen including being the First Deputy to the General Court, a Justice of the Peace, and the First Deacon of the first church in Windsor and noted as a powerful preacher of the Puritan faith. Deborah is believed to have been the youngest daughter of her parents who had somewhere around fourteen children following their marriage around 1630. Samuel Buell undoubtedly had great respect for his father-in-law for less than a year following his marriage to his father-in-law's daughter, he joined Edward Griswold and around 28 other families when they departed Windsor in 1663 and moved southward around 50 miles to what many years later would be known as Clinton, Connecticut (or earlier known as Kenilworth and then Killingworth) located only a few miles north of the Long Island Sound. The land had only a few years earlier been purchased from the local Indians.

Buell Tool Museum, Clinton, Connecticut
Despite the fairly young age of Samuel Buell when he moved southward, he is still credited with being one of the original founders of "Killingworth" (Killingworth later was divided into two separate communities and where our Buell family lived is now known as Clinton). He also as he aged became a very prominent and wealthy individual.  He was both a member of the General Court and a Justice of the Peace as well as other public offices for many years during the late 1600s and early 1700s. He is also recorded as being an "extensive land owner" and like his father he was in the lumber and tool business, a business that he obviously passed along to his descendants for we discovered, today in Clinton, Connecticut there exists a museum containing a lot of old tools known as the Buell Tool Museum.

We also noticed in several different documents online that Samuel Buell was listed as having military service. We could not find any details regarding his possible service although local communities having local part time soldiers was very common during this period of history and our great grandfather was undoubtedly one of their local military officers. It is also very possible that Samuel Buell was one of the many Connecticut soldiers who fought in the King Philip's War which took place between the years 1675 and 1678. The King Philip's War was one of the largest of the many Indian Wars that took place following the arrival of the white men in America and in this case during the war as many as 3,000 Indians were killed and around a 1,000 white men. Furthermore more than half of the New England villages were attacked during the two plus years of fighting. Unfortunately for the Indians whose total population in New England only numbered around 10,000 at the time (many Indians had previously died as a result of diseases brought to America by the white men) as compared to a population of almost 80,000 whites, they had no hope of victory and the war pretty much ended with the death of their Indian leader, a man known as Metacomet who was also known as King Philip. At least 1,000 men from Connecticut are believed to have engaged in battles and it is very, very likely that our great grandfather, Samuel Buell, was one of these men and one of their military leaders.

My great grandparents Samuel and Deborah Griswold Buell also raised a large family during their long lives in Clinton as they had around twelve children, eight boys and four girls including their sixth child and my 7th great grandfather, William Buell (1676-1763) who was born on 18 October 1676. [Not surprisingly their next child, a son named David, was not born until 1679 as Samuel may very well have been away from home for awhile battling against Indians.]  My great grandmother Deborah died three years before Samuel in the year 1717. She was around 71 years old. Samuel died on the 11th day of July in the year 1720 at the age of 78. Despite his old age, only two months before his death he had again been reelected by the General Court as a Justice of the Peace, clearly showing that he was, despite his older age, a highly respected individual in his community. One other interesting occurrence that took place in Clinton during Samuel's lifetime is worth mentioning. We would have to believe that our great grandfather Samuel Buell as a public leader was a friend of the Rev. Abraham Pierson who both lived in Clinton having moved there in 1694, and was the head of their local Congregational Church. In 1701, the Rev. Pierson along with others helped organize a small school at his home in Clinton where he then functioned as its teacher with the intent of training future Congregational leaders. The school was later to be known as the Collegiate School. Unfortunately the Reverend died in 1707 but his school by then was so well respected that they moved it first to nearby Old Saybrook and then to New Haven located about 25 miles west of Clinton. In 1718 they renamed the school the Yale College and of course years later in 1887, it was to be known as Yale University. We now have to wonder if some of the sons of our Samuel Buell might have studied in the future Yale University under their father's friend the Rev. Abraham Pierson.

To be honest, we are still a little confused about the life of my 7th great grandfather, William Buell, despite having spent more than a few hours trying to learn about his life. Based on his father's will and being his parents' sixth child, we can understand why he did not inherit much in the way of money and land following his parents' deaths. Perhaps for this reason he moved away from his home in Clinton sometime in the late 1690s. He may very well have traveled with his older brother John Buell, who is known to have moved around the same time to Hartford, Connecticut. In 1695, my great uncle John Buell married a young girl in nearby Windsor named Mary Loomis. Mary Loomis as it turns out, was the granddaughter of my 10th great grandfather Joseph Loomis (1590-1658) who was an early settler of Windsor and whose ancestral story is told in Chapter 55 in this blog. Mary Loomis' father, John Loomis, is believed by some family historians to have been one of the earliest settlers of Lebanon, Connecticut and if so, it makes sense that his daughter and her new husband John Buell might very well have followed her father and mother to this only recently settled community. Our great grandfather William Buell is believed to have married Elizabeth Collier (1675-1729), my 7th great grandmother, sometime around 1705 in Hartford and since they are also known to have moved to the new community of Lebanon, it make a lot of sense that William and his new wife may very well have traveled to Lebanon with or shortly following his older brother John and his new wife.

Gravestone of William Buell
While we do not know much about the life of William Buell in Lebanon we did find one historian noting that written on William's gravestone are the words "One of the Fathers of the Town" which certainly implies that he was not an unknown man of his time, at least in Lebanon. While we have no reason to doubt what is on his gravestone, the photograph of his gravestone shown to the right, leaves us wondering how anything can be read on this over 250 year old gravestone. Anyway, William and Elizabeth Collier Buell were to have seven children including my 6th great grandfather and their second child, Samuel Buell (1708-1759), before Elizabeth's rather early death in 1729 at the age of only 54 years old. At the time of her death her youngest child had already passed away but her other children ranged in age between 9 years old and 23 years old. Not surprisingly considering their many young children, William remarried in the year following my great grandmother's death, but his second wife also died in 1751. Again not surprisingly in this time period where living alone was very uncommon, William again remarried for a third time within months of the death of his second wife. Unfortunately for our William, his third wife also died within a year of their marriage and William was again left alone. Most likely no more woman were interested in marrying him at this point as he was now in his mid-70s. He did survive however, for twelve more years probably living with one of his children and then finally dying on 7 April 1763 at the age of 86 years old. At the time of his death only four of his seven children were still alive.  His son and my 6th great grandfather, Samuel Buell, died almost four years before his dad.

My 6th great grandfather, Samuel Buell (1708-1759), married Ann Wright (1709-1748), my 6th great grandmother, in Lebanon in the year 1727.  Ann's parents and my 7th great grandparents, Abel Wright (1664-1745) and Rebecca Terry (1673-1745) had moved to Lebanon in the year 1700 and it is highly likely considering the small size of Lebanon that their daughter Ann had known her future husband Samuel from the time that they were young children. Ann was only 18 years old when she married 19 year old Samuel Buell. They are believed to have had six children at their home in Hebron, Connecticut, located about ten miles west of Lebanon, before they made the unusual decision around the year 1739 or 1740 to move to the new community of Kent (in present day Litchfield County), located at the western end of Connecticut and about 75 miles west of Hebron. Kent had been founded only a few years earlier and considering that at the time they moved Samuel and Ann had at least four young children alive at the time. This fact alone would seem to make their move highly unusual. Another thing that is unusual or perhaps confusing is that in a book titled The History of Kent published in 1897, they failed to mention our Buell family ancestors among the early settlers. On the other hand, they did mention a man named Abel Wright who arrived in 1638 and who was likely Ann Wright's brother and my 6th great uncle. He was about fourteen years older than his sister Ann and might very well have convinced her and her husband to make the move to this new community where land was inexpensive and perfect for farming. Despite this error in this old history book, it is very clear that Samuel and Ann had moved and had three more children who were born in Kent including my 5th great grandfather, Ephraim Buell (1741-1821) who was born on 21 August 1741.

Not surprisingly we know very few details about the life of our Samuel Buell in part we suppose because he lived in a small rural town where the primary occupation was that of a farmer and also because this small town did not maintain a lot of records of their early residents, at least records that have survived to the present day. While the town was noted at one time in the past to be "a thriving iron ore producer" it is doubtful that Samuel had anything to do with this business at least from a leadership position. He was we believe, a small farmer who grew crops and perhaps raised sheep and cattle. The land was hilly and rocky such that work as a farmer was probably not easy. Unfortunately we know that my great grandmother Ann Wright Buell died in 1748 at the fairly young age of only 39 years old. She had given birth to ten child over a 19 year period and combining that with being a mother was not easy work. Her youngest child had died at only 7 months old, only four months before Ann saw the end of her own life. Their two deaths were no doubt related. Samuel Buell married a woman named Mary Judd less than a year following my great grandmother's death, but she too died in 1754 after giving birth to two children. Perhaps it was just Samuel's personality or just his good looks, but he married for a third time shortly following Mary Judd's death, but his time Samuel Buell takes responsible for ending his 3rd marriage by his own death on the 4th of May in 1759. He was only 50 years old at the time. His five living children at the time of his death were ages 15 to 23 and my 5th great grandfather Ephraim Buell was just 18 years old.

Their son, Ephraim Buell, married my 5th great grandmother, Priscilla Holmes (1744-1820) on the 22nd day of February in the year 1764. Priscilla was the daughter of Israel Holmes (1713-1807) and Priscilla Cushman (1719-1763), both my 6th great grandparents, and she was born in Plympton, Massachusetts near Boston. Priscilla Holmes' mother died less than a year before her daughter married and at the time their family had moved from Plympton and were now living in the village of Warren in Litchfield County located around 8 miles or so west of the village of Kent where the Buell family lived. We found it quite interesting to learn that Israel Holmes was a great grandson of Edward Doty who was a Mayflower passenger and whose family history is told in Chapter 42 of this blog. Also Priscilla Cushman's ancestry is told in Chapter 43 of this blog, and she too is a descendant of another Plymouth passenger, Isaac Allerton. We have to wonder if Priscilla was aware of her descendance of these later to be very famous Mayflower passengers.

Map showing locations of Fort Ticonderoga,
Fort Edward, and Village of Castleton
Apparently Ephraim and Priscilla Holmes Buell moved away from their home in Litchfield County, Connecticut shortly following their marriage for all of their nine children are believed to have been born in Fort Edward, now in Washington County, New York. Fort Edward is located on the Hudson River around 130 miles north of Litchfield County and it had originated back in 1755 when a fort was built there during the French and Indian War fought between 1754 and 1763. Ephraim having moved his family there makes us wonder if perhaps he had been to this area in the past. According to one of the records that we found, in 1761 there was a soldier who fought in the French and Indian War whose name was Ephraim Buell. He was a soldier with the 4th Company in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment under a Col. Nathan Whiting.  Our Ephraim Buell was 17 years old in 1761 and it is very likely that it was he who was this soldier especially considering that his name Ephraim Buell was not that common. Fortunately for Ephraim, the French and Indian War in America had pretty well ended by 1760 so while he may have volunteered and is credited with being a soldier, he did not in fact face a lot of risks.  Incidentally, there are some family historians that report that Ephraim and Priscilla actually moved to Castleton in present day Vermont rather than to Fort Edward. Which location is accurate we could not determine although the fact that the two villages were only 36 miles apart might mean that they had lived at some point in both locations or perhaps somewhere between the two villages.

Present day photo of Fort Ticonderoga
The fact that Ephraim Buell was later to be a Captain in the Vermont militia during the American Revolution would lead us to believe that his home was, at least at some point, in Vermont. Vermont of course, was not technically in existence as a separate "state" prior to the Revolution and the fact that Ephraim might actually have lived in New York "State" would not have precluded him from commanding a militia based in Castleton, Vermont. Furthermore, Ephraim was for a period of the Revolutionary War, a member of Vermont's "Green Mountain Boys" under the command of Brigadier General Ethan Allen. Ethan Allen was a resident of Litchfield, Connecticut prior to the war and he may very well have been acquainted at a younger age with Ephraim and the Buell family. Allen also fought in the French and Indian War and most likely would have known Ephraim during this period.  Castleton as it turns out played an eventful part in the American Revolution in that in May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold planned their attack on Fort Ticonderoga in Castleton. Fort Ticonderoga was only 30 miles to the southwest of Castleton or just to the north of Fort Edward. Ephraim Buell is referenced in "Wikipedia" as being part of a committee that considered the "advisability of taking control of Fort Ticonderoga" and no doubt he was part of the forces that attack and took control of Fort Ticonderoga from the British on 10 May 1775. According to the few Revolutionary War payroll records that we reviewed, Ephraim served in the Vermont militia from 1775 until 1781 although not on a full time basis. The role of Ephraim's regiment was listed in one source as "scouting for security of the frontiers". Whether or not Ephraim Buell played a role in Ethan Allen's attempt to take control of Quebec in September of 1775 is not known. His name does appear in military payroll records in three subsequent periods, in June 1777, December 1779, and October 1781 and undoubtedly there were more time periods where the records may have been lost. Also he may not have always been a member of the Green Mountain Boys as it is noted in records that this regiment was disbanded as early as 1776. What is also known is that Ethan Allen along with some of his troops were captured by the British during a failed attempt to take control of Montreal in August of 1775. It would seem unlikely that our Captain Ephraim Buell would have been a part of Allen's troops at this point.

Ephraim and Priscilla's fourth child was a girl named Elizabeth "Betsy" Buell (1774-1825), my 4th great grandmother who was likely born in Fort Edward, New York in 1774. After the end of the Revolutionary War and sometime by the mid-1780s, Ephraim Buell moved his entire family to a new settlement in the Finger Lakes region in the future New York State. His family by that point consisted of his wife and his seven children including his oldest son Salmon who had only recently married. Their new home was near the present day city of Ithaca, New York. It was here at their new home that Ephraim and Priscilla had two more children including their last child, a daughter, who was born in 1787. What we find truly amazing is that sometime in the early 1800s they moved again, this time to the future state of Ohio. Their daughter and my great grandmother, Elizabeth Buell, did not join her parents in their move to Ohio as in June of 1790 in Ithaca, she married my 4th great grandfather, Silas Hutchinson (1758-1836). It might very well be that Elizabeth never again saw her parents as they both died in Crosby, Ohio, her mom Priscilla on 5 January 1820 and her dad, Ephraim, only a year later on 4 January 1821. Why they moved while in their early 60s to what was probably at that point a total wilderness area, is a complete unknown. Apparently these ancestors of ours were just true adventurists of strong stock.

My 4th great grandparents, Elizabeth Buell and Silas Hutchinson had ten children together including my 3rd great grandfather, Mosely Hutchinson (1795-1836) all of whom were born in Ithaca, New York. From my Buell and Hutchinson family down to the present time our ancestral tree is as follows:

              Elizabeth Buell  m  Silas Hutchinson
               (1774-1825)           (1758-1836)
       Mosley Hutchinson   m  Elizabeth Hall  
               (1795-1861)           (1801-1877)
          Mary Hutchinson  m  David Ferree
               (1825-1901)            (1826-1869)
              Eugene Ferree  m  Marian Coapman
               (1866-1952)            (1867-1895)
            Florence Ferree  m  Douglas Patterson
              (1891-1938)            (1888-1979)
          Marian Patterson  m  Charles Baker
             (1916-1973)             (1916-2000_
          Charles Baker Jr
          Anne Baker Fanton
          Joan Baker

And so ends another ancestral story . . . . .

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Chapter 63 - Our Hallock Ancestry

Suffolk County, England
While there are no historical records that can be found, it is generally believed that our first Hallock ancestor to immigrate to the "New World" was a man named Peter Hallock (abt 1585- abt 1640), my 11th great grandfather. Peter is believed to have married my 11th great grandmother, Elizabeth Youngs (or Yonges) (Abt 1589-Abt 1616) in Suffolk County, England around the year 1610. While the exact number of children born to Peter and Elizabeth is unclear, what is believed is that only two of their children survived before Elizabeth's early death in 1616, their son William Hallock (1615-1684), my 10th great grandfather, and his younger sister Elizabeth Hallock (1616-?). My great grandmother Elizabeth is reported to have died rather tragically along with her brother and 20 others when they drowned following a boating accident off the eastern coast of England near the town of Southwold in Suffolk County. Unfortunately we have been unable to confirm for certain that Elizabeth Youngs was actually the wife of Peter Hallock, and that the date of her death was in 1616. Elizabeth's father is believed to have been the Rev. Christopher Yonges (1575-1626) whose records show that he had a daughter named Elizabeth who drowned. Strangely perhaps, her name is listed in the drowning records as Elizabeth Yonges and not Elizabeth Hallock which certainly might suggest that this Elizabeth was not married at the time of her downing.  Another negative is that when Christopher Yonges died in 1626, his will mentions only two of his grandsons but does not mention his supposed grandson William Hallock who would have been around 11 years old at the time of his alleged grandfather's death. One final problem that we encountered was that some records indicated that Elizabeth was born in either the late 1590s or possibly as late as 1602. Both dates of course would suggest that she was unlikely the mother of William Hallock who was definitely born in 1615.  While it is not clear whether or not Peter Hallock and Elizabeth Yonges were husband and wife, it is clear that Peter Hallock lived in the same area as the Yonges family and that he was a friend of Elizabeth's brother, the Rev. John Yonges/Youngs (1598-1672). We will explain this in the subsequent paragraphs.

Mary Anne to America in 1637
Peter Hallock remarried sometime after 1632 a woman whose maiden name is believed to have been Margaret Jane Forsone (1603-abt 1660). Margaret had lost her first husband, John Howell, in 1632 but not before she had given birth to a son, Richard Howell, and a daughter, Margaret Howell, both of whom were quite young when they went to live with their new "father". It also appears that Peter Hallock may have remained good friends with his former brother-in-law, his first wife's brother, the Rev. John Yonges or Youngs, since they both moved to Hingham in Norfolk County, England shortly following John Youngs being denied the right to immigrate to America in the year 1634 apparently because he was a Puritan minister. As we have mentioned many times in previous chapters in this blog, Puritans during this period of English history were the "enemies" of both the Church of England and the English crown and hence many fled from the civil and religious oppressions that they faced in England. Both Peter Hallock and the Rev John Youngs were both very zealous Puritans and apparently Hingham was populated largely by members of the Puritan faith. It was here in Hingham, at least for a short period, that the Rev John Youngs was the minister of the local Presbyterian Church. The record of the Rev John Youngs' emigration to America along with his family seems to be well documented as they departed on the ship Mary Anne in 1637 and upon arriving in America they settled for a short period in Salem, Massachusetts and then soon moved to New Haven, Connecticut where John again served as a minister. Unfortunately, there are no records that show that Peter Hallock accompanied his former brother-in-law on the Mary Anne although this would seem to make sense. Another very confusing and perhaps controversial issue, is that many documents describing the life of Peter Hallock write that he apparently left his wife and his children and step-children back in England when he first departed for America and then he later returned to England and brought them all back to America. We really doubt that this was the case but then who knows and there are no clear records of his behavior one way or the other.

Connecticut controlled much of Long Island
 including Southold in early years.
One thing that is known is that in October of 1640, the Rev John Youngs along with twelve other men and their families including our Peter Hallock, left their homes in New Haven, sailed across the Long Island Sound and soon landed at the far eastern end of Long Island and then founded the town of Southold. Southold is now acknowledged as the first permanent English settlement on Long Island and in the future State of New York. The Dutch of course were the original settlers, settling in New Amsterdam at the western end of Long Island. What we find truly fascinating is that of these original thirteen settlers of Southold, seven of them including both Peter Hallock and the Rev John Youngs are my great grandfathers. In a subsequent listing of the early Southold settlers named in a history book describing the founding of Southold written back in 1902, of the 51 founders' names listed in the book, 16 of them are my great grandfathers including of course both John Youngs and Peter Hallock. Considering the rather small number of original settlers in Southold, Long Island, it should not be that surprising that so many of them were my ancestors as obviously sons and daughters would marry their neighbors' sons or daughters and hence in a rather small community soon many families would be related.  That said, it should also not be surprising to learn that Peter Hallock's only son William Hallock, my 10th great grandfather married his step-sister and the daughter of his father's second wife, Margaret Howell (1622-1707), my 10th great grandmother. The exact date of their marriage is not known although most sources agree that it occurred shortly after their arrival in America. The exact date of Peter Hallock's death is also not known for certain although it is believed to have possibly been as early as 1660 or maybe as late as 1689 which although unlikely would have made him over one hundred years old.  Obviously we do not know a great deal of real facts about the life of my 11th great grandfather, Peter Hallock. 

Peter's son William Hallock and his wife Margaret Howell Hallock lived the rest of their lives in the Southold area or more accurately in an area just west of Southold now known as Mattituck. Unfortunately we really know very little about their lives other than William must have been a successful farmer and a fairly wealthy man as he apparently owned a large amount of land based both on his tax records and on the quantity of land that he left to his sons in his final will. Some of the land of course, he would have inherited from his father or was granted to him by his father during his father's life. William and Margaret had four sons and five daughters together before William's death in 1784. Their fourth child and second son, Thomas Hallock (1660-1718), is my 9th great grandfather. The Hallock family lived during an interesting period of history on Long Island during the 17th century. Following the settlement of Southold in 1640, the eastern half of Long Island started a rapid population growth by English settlers as compared to a much slower growth of the Dutch settlement at the western end of the island. The Dutch on the other hand and despite the English population growth had always maintained that they controlled all of Long Island. In 1664 however, the English military attacked and took control of New Amsterdam. It undoubtedly must have come as a quite a surprise to all of the English settlers on the island including our Hallock family, when the British government was then forced to yield control of the entire island back to the Dutch in 1673 following a successful Dutch counter military attack. When the eastern English towns including Southold refused to yield any control of their area to the Dutch, the Dutch military warships attacked the village of Southold. The English colonists however, fought back and ultimately forced the Dutch to back off. Then in the following year 1674, all of Long Island once again was brought under British control following stronger British counter attacks. Whether or not any of our Hallock ancestors took part in any military action is unknown but it would seem highly unlikely based on William's older age and his sons younger ages. It is probably a safe assumption however, to believe that at least a few of my many ancestors who lived in Southold during this time period would have at least helped to fire a canon or a British shotgun at the Dutch ships trying to take control of their city. Great speculation. My great grandfather William died around the age of 64 on 28 September 1684. His wife and my great grandmother Margaret out lived her husband by many years finally dying on 9th day of May in the year 1707. Exactly where they are buried is a mystery.

Their son and my 9th great grandfather, Thomas Hallock, married my 9th great grandmother, Hope Comstock (1660-1732) in 1680 most likely in the local Presbyterian Church in Southold with dozens of their family members present.  On the other hand, Hope's parents and her brothers and sisters were all born and raised in New London, Connecticut as was Hope, so at first we were a little confused as to how she ended up meeting and later marrying a young man from Southold over on Long Island. We soon discovered however, that Hope's older sister, Mary Comstock, had recently married a man named Samuel Youngs, a descendant of the Youngs family over in Southold, and we quickly concluded that Hope may very well have met her future husband Thomas Hallock while either attending her sister's wedding or visiting her sister later in Southold.

Like so many of the families during this time period in history, Thomas and Hope Comstock Hallock had a large number of children and by some records as many as nine or ten including my 8th great grandfather, Zerubabel Hallock (1696-1761). Unfortunately however, we know little to nothing about the life of Thomas and Hope. He was undoubtedly like so many others in his community, a farmer or possibly even a fisherman which was a very common industry during this period of Southold history. He was also a likely strong Puritan and deeply religious. We also could not help but enjoy a hopefully accurate historical record noting that when Thomas was granted money in the death will of his wife's father, Daniel Comstock (1630-1683), my 10th great grandfather, he turned down the money and asked that it be given to his mother-in-law, Palthiah Elderkin Comstock (1630-1712), my 10th great grandmother. If this is an accurate fact, Thomas Hallock and obviously his wife Hope, were truly wonderful people.

Hallock State Park Preserve
Zerubabel Hallock was around 22 years old when his father died in March of 1718 and less than a year later in January of 1719 he married Esther Osman (1695-1773), my 8th great grandmother. One of the interesting things about my great grandmother Esther Osman was that her great grandfather on her mother's side, a man named Matthias Corwin (1590-1658), also my 11th great grandfather, was also one of the original settlers in Southold joining many other of my ancestors as we previously mentioned. Zerubabel and Esther were to have around ten children during their married lives including their oldest son, Zerubabel Hallock (Jr) (1722-1800), my 7th great grandfather. In the final will of Zerubabel Jr's father written on 3 March 1761, he writes in part "I leave to my wife Esther the improvement of my now dwelling house for life , to improve as she sees fit and 1/4 of the grain raised on my land, and all the provisions, and 3 cows, a riding chair, and a horse, and all household goods (except a feather bed), and a negro slave and . . . " We were naturally quite surprised to learn that he owned a "negro slave" but that fact alone would suggest that he had wealth. We also learned during our research of our Hallock family that they lived and owned a large amount of land in Mattituck that as we mentioned earlier was just west of Southold. Zerubabel had inherited land from his parents and grandparents and later he had willed land to his sons and grandsons. What was truly remarkable to learn as a Hallock ancestor was that some of the land once owned by the Hallock family is today part of a large public park named the Hallock State Park Preserve that consists of 225 acres sitting on the Long Island Sound and located just a few miles west of the present day city of Mattituck. We wonder how many visitors of this state park know anything about the history of our Hallock ancestors?  Another interesting thing to learn was that Zerubabel Hallock's grandfather, William Hallock, had a home built on what today is named Hallock Lane which sits along the eastern border of the Hallock State Park Preserve. We could not help but be very jealous when we discovered that today one of the homes currently for sale on our great grandfather's former property on Hallock Lane is for sale for just under $5 million dollars. Anyway, William's oldest son Thomas, inherited his father's home as did Zerubabel Hallock when his father Thomas died. Then unbelievably, Zerubabel Hallock Jr. also lived on Hallock Lane through most of his life.  My 8th great grandparents Zerubabel and Esther Hallock are both buried in the Old Bethany Cemetery in Mattituck.

Zerubabel Hallock Jr married my 7th great grandmother, Elizabeth Swezey (1722-1806) in December of 1743. She, like so many others in the Southold/Mattituck area, was a descendant of many of the earliest settlers of Southold. Her great, great grandfather (and my 11th great grandfather), John Swezey (1595-1686) while not one of the original settlers of Southold in 1640, he did arrive shortly thereafter. Another of Elizabeth's many great grandfathers was the original founder of Southold, the Rev. John Youngs who though a different line in my family tree is my 10th great grandfather. Like we said earlier in this story, many of the children and then their children, married and thus many of the descendants of the early settlers of this area of Long Island are related to multiple families of the earliest settlers. Zerubabel Hallock lived during an important period in our American history, the Revolution War. While the beginning battles of the Revolutionary War began in the Boston and the Massachusetts Bay area, nevertheless in 1775 numerous men in the Suffolk County area including many members of the Hallock family, signed a petition called the "Form of Association" which basically was a pledge of support to the new Continental Congress. In the following year they all formed a regiment of minute men and our Zerubabel Hallock was listed as a sergeant. Unfortunately in August of 1776, General George Washington who led the American forces, was defeated by the British at the Battle of Long Island (in Brooklyn) and thus the British maintained control over Long island for the remainder of the war. Whether our grandfather Zerubabel Hallock ever engaged in any of the battles is unknown and it is also unlikely, but to his benefit following the war he was granted the title of Captain Hallock. During the war he remained at his home in Mattituck and he and his family apparently managed to coexist with the British occupation and generally kept his mouth shut one way or the other. Many of his friends on the other hand had left Long Island and joined forces with the American army in Connecticut. Following the war with many of the patriot families having left the Long Island area, Zerubabel Hallock was able to buy up much of the abandoned farmland in the area thus dramatically increasing his wealth and land holdings. It probably would not be a good idea to try and use Zerubabel Hallock as your Revolutionary War soldier ancestor as your means of joining either the Sons or Daughters of the American Revolution. Well, at least it is not wrong to call him Captain Zerubabel Hallock and in his defense we might note that near the beginning of the war in 1775 he was 53 years old which is a little old to be engaged in a battle and around 10 years older than their leader, General George Washington (1732-1799).

Zerubabel and Elizabeth Swezey Hallock  had as many as twelve children including their 4th son and my 6th great grandfather, John Hallock (1751-1842). All of their children were born before the start of the Revolutionary War. We did not do a lot of research on his male children although we have to believe that most of them were soldiers during the Revolution. We also believe that my grandfather John Hallock spent about twenty-two months in the military in years 1776 through 1778 although somewhat strangely, an application for a membership to the Sons of the American Revolution listing his name as the ancestral soldier was turned down apparently for lack of evidence as to his service. Unfortunately we were unable to locate a copy of the will prepared by his father Zerubabel Hallock but we have to believe that he left to his wife and children a great deal of land, goods, and money.

Minisink was at western end of Orange County
John Hallock married my 6th great grandmother, Mehitable Aldrich (1752-1828) around the year 1775 which makes us wonder why he would have spent two or three years away from his wife fighting in the American Revolution. We did note however, that their first child was born around 1776 shortly after their marriage but their second child was not born until the year 1779, a fact that clearly suggests he may have been away from his wife serving as a soldier. In Chapter 22 of this blog titled "My Revolutionary War Ancestors Part 2", the individual in this chapter described as Patriot #32 is our John Hallock. If you are interested in reading about John Haddock's service during the war this chapter is a fairly detailed outline. A short summary of his service during this period is as follows. When the British landed at the west end of Long Island, John and the other men in his local militia marched westward to join with George Washington's forces. As the total American troops were greatly outnumbered by the British forces they soon retreated following the Battle of Long Island which took place on 27 August 1776. Subsequently many of the militia troops were then disbanded including John's militia.  He then returned home to his wife and recently born child and they rapidly left their home in Mattituck and leaving almost everything behind, they moved to Blooming Grove in Orange County located about  60 miles north of New York City and by land around 135 miles from Mattituck. John Hallock was shortly thereafter drafted into the Orange County militia where he served for the next several years although fortunately for my great grandfather his militia was focused more on constructing fortresses along the Hudson River than they were in engaging in any major battles against the British. Sometime near the end of the war, John and Mehitable Haddock moved and settled in the town of Minisink in Orange County where they remained for the rest of their lives. While the exact number of children born to John and Mehitable is not known for certain, most informed sources list a total of four children only, which seems to be confirmed by John Hallock's last will and testament written on 28 December 1838. The birth year of their daughter Sarah "Sally" Hallock (? - 1844), my 5th great grandmother, is usually listed as sometime between 1785 and 1790 although with Sarah's first child being born in 1799, even a birth year as early as 1785 would seem unlikely.

The Old Hallock Family Cemetery
Orange County, New York
It is not clear what John Hallock did for a living following the war although most likely he was a farmer. Also as he is often referred to in some of the historical writings as the "Deacon" John Hallock, he obviously was deeply involved with his local church. My great grandmother Mehitable Aldrich Hallock died in the year 1828 at the age of around 72. Her husband John lived to the remarkably old age of 91 years old, finally dying in the year 1842. They are both buried in the very old Hallock Family Cemetery located near the town of Ridgebury in Orange County, New York.

Sarah "Sally" Hallock married my 5th great grandfather, Joseph Smith (Abt. 1778 - 1846) around the year 1799 or 1800 and they are recorded as having ten children including my 4th great grandmother, Maria Smith (1804-1897). One of the most interesting things about this ancestral family is that Joseph and Sarah moved along with most of their children to Elmira in Chemung County, New York in the year 1834. Why this is most interesting is that my father, Charles Asbury Baker (1916-2000) was born in Elmira which means that this side of my family lived in Elmira for at least six generations.  My family tree from this generation down is as follows:

5th Great Grandparents:  Joseph Smith  m  Sarah Hallock
4th Great Grandparents:  Maria Smith   m  Henry Wisner 
                                      (1804-1897)        (1801-1862)
3rd Great Grandparents:  Clara Wisner  m  Henry Spaulding
                                      (1822-1906)       (1812-1902)
2nd Great Grandparents: Charles Spaulding  m  Mary Catherine Sly
                                      (1841-1875)              (1844-1917)
Great Grandparents:        Henry Spaulding  m  Elia Reynolds
                                       (1863-1889)           (1963-1935)
Grandparents:                 Helen Spaulding  m  Charles S. Baker
                                       (1887-1937)               (1885-1952
Parents:                          Charles A Baker  m  Marian Patterson
                                       (1916-2000)              (1916-1973)
Living Generation:            Charles A. Baker Jr.
                                       Anne Baker Fanton
                                       Joan Patterson Baker

And so ends another story. . . . .



Thursday, July 26, 2018

Chapter 62 - My German Ancestry in Nova Scotia

Eliza West and her granddaughter
One of the things that always has confused me about the results of my DNA test is that it shows that my ancestry is 63% Western European, but only 24% Irish, Scottish, or Welch, and but a mire 11% British. Yet when we review all of the chapters in this family history blog it would seem that our ancestry is largely British other than perhaps my Ferree and Rappleye French ancestry, and my Bogaert, Schenck and a few other Dutch ancestors. It just does not seem like it should add up to 63% Western European. Anyway, we figured that we had better do some more research.

One of the things that we discovered as we again reviewed our family tree was that we had never uncovered the ancestry of our 2nd great grandmother on my mother's side of our family, a woman by the name of Eliza West (abt 1831-1912), who is pictured in the photograph above along with her cute granddaughter Irene Stevenson, who is my late 1st cousin, 2x removed. The photograph was taken around 1902. Eliza West was the grandmother of my mother's father, Douglas Ross Patterson (1888-1979) who was born in Nova Scotia, Canada as were all of his parents and grandparents including Eliza West. Our Patterson ancestry is described in Chapter 5 of this blog and while Eliza West is briefly mentioned in the story no details about her life are described. For some reason over the many years that we have built our family tree on, we never focused on Eliza West's ancestry in part because we believed that little has been uncovered about her ancestors and hence we made little effort to do any research. Unfortunately this is still true to some degree although we have finally uncovered the names and origins of many of her ancestors and we believe that their story is worth telling. One of the reasons that it is worth telling is that most of her ancestors were born in "Western Europe", or as we noted in the title of this chapter, they were born in Germany.

There is a lot of confusion about the birth year of my great grandmother Eliza West. While her name and birthyear appear in at least four different Canadian census records from 1871 to 1901, the birth dates vary somewhat especially in the year 1871 which places her birth year as 1825. The other records however, suggest that she was born later around 1831. If the year 1831 is accurate as her birth year, then she was only around 17 years old when she married her then 42 year old husband and my 2nd great grandfather, Thomas Savage (1806-1876) around the year 1848. Who knows but perhaps our Eliza was lying to her husband and the census taker about her age when she was younger. Unfortunately we know nothing about the ancestry of my great grandfather Thomas Savage. All that is known about his early life is that he was born in Ireland and that he joined with thousands of other Irishmen and their families who emigrated to Nova Scotia and other areas in America in the 1830s. In his case he arrived in the year 1836 at the age of around 30 years old. All of the census records report that his occupation was that of a "laborer" which we are sure that even back in the 1800s was not a highly paid position, however, considering the rapid growth in their town of Dartmouth, he was undoubtedly busy. Despite Thomas' rather low paid but busy occupation and the around 25 year age difference between Thomas and Eliza, that did not seem to stop them from have sex frequently as between 1849 and 1869, Eliza gave birth to eleven children including my great grandmother, Mary Elizabeth Savage (1856-1931 who was undoubtedly born in her parents' home in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.

Not unexpectedly considering their age difference, my great grandfather Thomas Savage died many years before Eliza. The exact year of his death is not known for certain although a few sources list it as sometime just prior to 1876. In the 1881 census record Eliza is listed as still living with 8 of her 11 children and her youngest child was still only 11 years old. There is no reason to believe that Eliza ever remarried and she finally died at around the age of 81 years old in the year 1912.  In the final years of her life she is shown living with her youngest daughter and her daughter's husband. We have to believe that her funeral was attended by many family members especially considering the size of her family. Perhaps even my grandfather, Douglas Ross Patterson and his parents, his mom being Elizabeth Savage, were in attendance. He was around 24 years old in the year of his grandmother's death and still living in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The following year he moved to Niagara County in New York State.

One thing that we had not previously mentioned was that Eliza West Savage was born in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia as were both of her parents and three of her four grandparents. Surprisingly, even six of her eight great grandparents had also lived in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia before their deaths and all of these six great grandparents were born in Germany and were among the group of original founding settlers of Lunenburg around the year 1753. Furthermore and even more surprising was that several of Eliza's great, great grandparents were also among the original settlers. We think that their participation in the original founding of the City of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia is a story worth reviewing.

The earliest settlers of Nova Scotia and the other coastal areas of eastern Canada were the Indians known later as the Mi'kmaq. The Mi'kmaq tribes are believed to have settled in the area at least a 1,000 years before the French landed in Nova Scotia in the year 1605 and created a village later to be known as Port Royal located on the northwest coast of the island. Obviously this early French settlement took place twenty years before the landing of the Pilgrims on Plymouth Rock in the year 1620. These early French settlers were primarily fur traders and fishermen and growth in the colony was slow for unlike the British who for religious reasons were rapidly moving to New England by the 1630s, in Nova Scotia there were less motives for the French to leave their country. Fortunately as the years went by, the French settlers and the Mi'kmaq Indian tribes were able to live peaceability together and many even married as the years pasted by. Furthermore in the year 1627, the French declared that the native Indians could become Roman Catholics if they so desired which further helped to strengthen the relationship between the original inhabitants and the new French settlers. In contrast in the New England area, the new British settlers took an entirely different approach with the local Indian tribes. The area of Nova Scotia and the other surrounding areas were soon to be known as Acadia and the French were to be called the French Arcadians.

Unfortunately for both the French Acadians and the Mi'kmaq Indians life in Nova Scotia and most of eastern Canada was never peaceful during the 17th century for it seemed that there were almost constant wars between the British and the French and in some cases between the Mi'kmaq Indians and the British such as during the King Philip's War in 1675-1678. There was even a short period in the 1670s when the Dutch gained control of parts of Nova Scotia. Without going into a lot of details about the prolonged wars during this time period, it should be noted that in 1713 a peace treaty was made between the British and the French titled the Treaty of Utrecht that basically gave control of much of Nova Scotia to Great Britain. Unfortunately for the British, the Mi'kmaq Indians were not a part of the treaty so military conflicts did not entirely disappear.

Early painting of Halifax in year 1750
Also unfortunate for the British was that they found it very difficult to encourage a lot of English emigrants to settle in Nova Scotia despite the signing of the treaty and the offering of land at no cost. Apparently by the year 1749 the British felt that they had no choice if they wished to continue to strengthen their position in Arcadia but to encourage families living in Central Europe to emigrate to Nova Scotia provided of course that they were Protestants as opposed to being Roman Catholics. Their primary focus was to be on German Protestants who were farmers living along the Rhine River corridor. To facilitate the new emigration plan, the British constructed fortresses in and around the future city of Halifax which was located on the southern shoreline of Nova Scotia. Furthermore the new town was located just off the Atlantic Ocean and within a larger harbor that was well suited for the access and the docking of large vessels. Then over the next three summers from 1750 through 1753 more than a dozen ships unloaded passengers into Halifax including an estimated 2,400 southwest German farmers and tradesmen including many of them who were mine and Eliza West's ancestors. In the year 1753, 1,400 Germans settled in the nearby and newly created community of Lunenburg located about 100 kilometers west of Halifax and also just off the Atlanta Ocean. Obviously considering the new and rapid immigration, the existing French settlers and Mi'kmaq Indians continued attacks against the British and the new settlers, however the British were able to hold control over the area until the present day. Battles and wars were not uncommon during this period including the French and Indian War that took place all through northeast America between the years 1754 and 1763 including battles in Nova Scotia.

The first ship to carry any of our ancestors from Germany to Nova Scotia was the Murdoch which set sail out of Rotterdam in Holland on 22 June 1751 and arrived in Halifax after three awful months at sea in late September. On board the ship were an estimated 398 passengers or approximately 100 families including all four of Eliza West's great grandparents on her father's side plus three of her great, great grandparents, plus in some cases their children. The ship was very crowded, the food was awful, and almost 10% of those onboard died before the ship landed in America. Johann Wendel Wuest (West) (1721-1811) and his wife, Maria Apollonia Ewald (1724-1759), my 5th great grandparents, were onboard along with three of their young children. Unfortunately we know almost nothing about the lives of Johann other than he listed himself as a blacksmith and he most likely ultimately lived and worked on a farm. Unfortunately for the majority of the passengers onboard all of the ships traveling to Halifax during this time period, the cost was not free and as a result Johann and many others were obligated to work for the British owners to help pay off their loans. It was of course, this strong obligation that quickly led to the development of Halifax and the other local expanding villages including Lunenburg. In late May of 1753, Johann Wendel Wuest was among the original settlers of Lunenburg located west of Halifax. These mostly German settlers and their English leaders spent a number of months building temporary shelters and then protective walls before any of the settlers were granted any land for all of the work that they performed. One source that we found online claims that the deed granted to Johann Wendel West was the very first deed executed in Lunenburg and it was dated 3 December 1753. It is also written that a few of the local British did not treat these new German settlers with any degree of respect and cheated them out of some of their originally promised entitlements and our Johann Wuest was among a group of men arrested and imprisoned for protesting. Fortunately he was soon released and pardoned. Johann and Maria are believed to have had seven children including my 4th great grandfather, John Jacob Wuest (1755-1836), before Maria's early and untimely death in 1759 at the age of only 35 years old. Johann Wendel Wuest remarried a woman named Maria Elizabeth Wittesham in 1760 and they had five children before Johann's death in Lunenburg in 1811 at the surprisingly old age of 90.

Their son John Jacob Wuest in 1684 married in Lunenburg a young girl by the name of Maria Magdalena Morasch (1761-1834), my 4th great grandmother, whose parents and two of her four grandparents had also sailed from Germany with John's parents on the Murdock in 1751. While both John and Maria were born in Nova Scotia, their parents were likely friends after their arrival and were also likely close neighbors in Lunenburg. While Maria's grandfather on her father's side, a man named Johann Leonhard Morasch (1706-1739), had died before the voyage to America, his wife and my 6th great grandmother, Anna Elizabeth Dosch (1710-1790) had remarried and with five of her children including Maria's father, Johann Michael Morasch (1728-1784), had sailed along with almost 100 other families on the Murdock. Obviously these German families were very close as not only did Maria's father's mother travel to America in 1751 but so did her mother's father. Her mother's name was Maria Elizabeth Haas (1722-1786) and her maternal grandfather's name was Barthol Haas (abt. 1692-abt. 1753). Also traveling with Maria Elizabeth Haas were all of her brothers and sisters. So, despite a lot of names and dates some of which may be incorrect, it is probable that onboard the ship Murdock we estimate that at least 18 to 20 of the passengers were either my direct great grandparents or my great uncles or aunts most of whom were early settlers in either Halifax or Lunenburg or both. Here again we know very little about the life of John Jacob Wuest and his wife and my great grandmother, Maria Magdalena Morash. We know that John Jacob and his family lived in Lunenburg from birth to death and that John Jacob was a tanner. We also know that they had at least ten children including my 3rd great grandfather, John Wendel West (1785-1843). These ancestors of mine were remarkable in their willingness to immigrate to an unknown and wilderness county, but they personally were not great heroes, wealthy individuals, nor politicians and therefore very little is known about their personal lives.

Early construction in Halifax
On 22 August of 1752 another ship arrived in Halifax, the Pearl, wherein at least four of my great grandparents and around four to six of my great aunts and uncles were onboard all of whom were born in Germany. The trip on the Pearl must have been terrible for the passengers as of the original 251 passengers onboard, forty of them died during the voyage and when they landed in Halifax the locals required the passengers to remain onboard for two more weeks as they were deeply concerned that contagious diseases might be passed along to the Halifax residents. The voyage from Rotterdam to Halifax took around 2-1/2 months and for most of the time the passengers were crammed below the main deck in quarters that were hot, crowded, bedless, and food was poor at best. It was also a long and stormy passage.  My two 6th great grandparents, Johann Philip Herman (1706-1758) and Sabina Maria Elizabeth Weick (1709-1753) were ages 46 and 43 when they arrived. Sabina died less than a year after their landing and Johann Philip died around five years later in 1758 at the age of only 51 years old. The voyage and the harsh life in Nova Scotia obviously encouraged their early demises. Also on board the Pearl were their children including their oldest son who was both married and my 5th great grandfather, Johann Philip Herman (Jr) (1723-1788). Johann Philip Harman Jr. had only recently married my 5th great grandmother, Elizabeth Sevilla Knauff (1728-1815) around two years earlier than their departure and they had yet to have any children.  Unfortunately here again we know very little about the lives of my 5th great grandparents other than they too were relocated to Lunenburg where they were granted land and where they were to have around ten children including my 4th great grandmother, Anna Barbara Herman (1767-1821). Anna Barbara Herman married a somewhat older man named Isaac Gray (1754-1831) in Lunenburg in 1791. He was 37 years old; she was only 23. Isaac was born in Pennsylvania and as the story goes he was opposed to the Revolutionary War and apparently after supporting the British during the war, near or at the close of the war he emigrated to Nova Scotia where he met and married Anna. One of their children was a daughter named Catharina Elizabeth Gray (1794-1871) who married John Wendel West in 1816. John's family is described in the earlier paragraphs. Catharina Elizabeth Gray and John Wendel West are the parents of my 2nd great grandmother, Eliza West.

Lunenburg, Nova Scotia today
Obviously we have spent the last three paragraphs listing the names of our many German ancestors who were early settlers in Halifax and Lunenburg and hopefully in doing so we did not overlook the importance of what they and other German settlers did for their British leaders and for Nova Scotia. When the British decided to take control of Nova Scotia and created Halifax in 1749, the initial settlers of Halifax were described by the then British leader, Col. Edward Cornwallis, as follows:
"the number of settlers men, woman, and children is 1,400 but I beg leave to observe to your Lordship that amongst these the number of industrious active men proper to undertake and carry on a new settlement is very small - of soldiers there is only 100 - of tradesmen sailors and other able and willing to work not above 300 more - the rest are poor idle worthless vagabonds . . . "  Not surprisingly over the following year or so many of these initial settlers left Nova Scotia and moved south to areas near Boston. Partially as a result of this problem as well as the difficulties that they were having encouraging English settlers to emigrate, a decision was made to encourage French, German, and Swiss Protestants most those living along the Rhine River in Germany to make the move to Nova Scotia and between 1750 and 1752 approximately 2,400 Europeans arrived in Halifax including as we noted above somewhere between 25 and 30 of my great grandparents and great aunts and uncles. Partially as a result of the overly rapid growth of the town of Halifax and the fact that the land surrounding Halifax was not ideally suited for farming, in the year 1753 approximately 1,500 of these mostly German settlers relocated to what would soon be the town of Lunenburg including our ancestral family.  We believe that it is very safe to say that we should be extremely proud that a line of our ancestors on my mother's side of our family, were among the group of initial settlers of Halifax, now Nova Scotia's largest city with a population of 297,900, and Lunenburg, a beautiful but quiet and fairly small coastal town located just west of Halifax with a population of only around 2,300. Again we are quite proud to be the descendants of some of the original founders of these two early Nova Scotia cities.

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Chapter 61 - Our Sanford Ancestry

William the Conqueror
Unlike many of our ancestral families that we have researched over the years, within this particular family there are some stories that claim that our earliest known Sanford ancestor originated as far back as the early part of the 11th century AD. Their claim is that our ancestor, a man named Thomas de Sanford, was born in Normandy, France, and that he was a friend of William the Conqueror and took part in the invasion of England by the Normans back in 1066. It is also claimed that following their conquest, he was granted land in England. If it is true that there was a Thomas de Sanford and that he was my ancestor, both possibilities by the way are highly unlikely, then Thomas de Sanford would have been around my 26th great grandfather. This would have made a wonderful beginning story about my Sanford ancestry, but we are afraid that it might also be an incredible waste of time considering the total lack of evidence. Fortunately however, we have learned quite a bit about our Sanford ancestry although unfortunately not as far back as the Normandy invasion of England in 1066.

Current map of drive from London to Stansted Mountifitchet
While not all family historians would agree, it is generally accepted that the man who would be my 10th great grandfather was named Thomas Sanford (1556-1597). Thomas was born in the ancient village known as Stansted Mountifitchet, in County Essex, England. Perhaps not surprisingly, Stansted is known to have been first occupied by Anglo-Saxons prior to the Norman conquest of England in 1066 and then subsequently it was one of the many villages and manors that was brought under the control of a Norman leader following the invasion. Obviously a very old city even at the time of Thomas' birth in 1556 and the fact that Thomas' father is believed to have lived his entire life in the Stansted area and maybe even his ancestors makes one wonder if perhaps the family was not indeed a descendant of one of the early Norman invaders. The village of Stansted Mountifitchet is located about 40 miles northeast of downtown London.

Likely burial location of Thomas and Mary Sanford
St Andrew and Holy Cross Church
Thomas Sanford was around 25 years old when he married his first wife, Friswith Eve, in Stansted in 1581 however, and unfortunately their marriage lasted only 64 days as Friswith unexpected died at the age of only 20. Perhaps as a result of the loss of his wife although more likely due to business reasons or possibly the lessor cost of land, Thomas soon relocated to the nearby and smaller town of Much Haddam which was around 7 miles south of Stansted Mountifitchel and closer to London. Here Thomas started up a "glover" business which essentially consisted in the trading of fine furs and skins. Thomas apparently was quite successful in his new business and as a father. Based on what was written in his final will, the children by his second marriage around 1584 to my 10th great grandmother, Mary Lewes (or Mellett) (1563-1620), were all well educated and his will implied that he was "an active, enterprising citizen, and bore his part in public matters, though he did not achieve distinction in a political way." There was another document that noted that Thomas Sanford was appointed as one of two constables in the town of Much Hadham in 1585 showing that while not a major leader he nevertheless did serve in some of the public roles within his community.  Thomas and Mary had at least five children (named in his will) including my 9th great grandfather, Ezekiel Sanford (1586-1683) who was born or at least baptized on 20 February 1586 before Thomas Sanford's rather early death on 6 April 1597 at the age of only 41 year old. Most family historians point out that Thomas Sanford's final will was beautifully written implying that he was both intelligent in addition to his being well educated, however at the young age of only 41 he was unable to grant in his will a lot of land or money to his wife and children. Mary, my 10th great grandmother, outlived Thomas by almost 23 years and unfortunately we were unable to learn much about her life after her husband's death although Mary is believed to have married a man named John Haddsley shortly after Thomas's death. Assuming that this second marriage is a fact, it would make a lot of sense considering the very young age of all of Thomas' and Mary's children at the time of their father's death. It is assumed by most family historians that Thomas and possibly Mary (and probably second husband John as well) are buried at the graveyard alongside the St Andrew and Holy Cross Church in Much Hadham (see photograph above.)

Not surprisingly considering that my Sanford ancestors from England were neither wealthy nor important political individuals, we learned very little about the life of my 9th great grandfather, Ezekiel Sanford and most of what has been learned was obtained from old church records. We know that as the eldest son of his parents that he inherited a small amount of land in Stansted Mountifitchel when his father died, however, at the young age of around 20 or 21 he moved to the nearby village of Hatfield where he soon met and married 19 year old Rose Warner (1588-before 1707), my 9th great grandmother. Their marriage is estimated to have taken place in the year 1607. Ezekiel's lack of wealth was pretty well confirmed by the fact that following his marriage to my great grandmother, he and Rose lived with her parents at their home in Hatfield at least until the birth of their first two sons which took place sometime between their marriage date and maybe 1609. Unfortunately most of the church and other records that might have recorded information about the life of the Sanford family in Hatfield and then later around 1614 back in Stansted Mountifitchel have been lost so that nothing much is known about the life of Ezekiel including exactly where he and his family lived, nor anything about his trade or occupation. Many family historians report that Ezekiel and Rose had as many as eight children (some say even more) including at least three sons who emigrated to America including my 8th great grandfather, Robert Sanford (1615-1676).  Ezekiel Sanford is believed to have outlived his wife by many years and then finally dying at the age of 96 years old in 1683.

Early New England settlements
Before we discuss the life of my 8th great grandfather, Robert Sanford, we might mention that his mother's younger brother, a man named Andrew Warner, who was born in 1595, was probably very influential in convincing Robert and two of his brothers into emigrating to America around the year 1632. Considering that in 1632 the boys' father was only in his mid-40s, it certainly might well suggest that things were not going well for the Sanford family at the time, plus the fact that the current king of England, King Charles 1, was very unpopular, had dismissed the British Parliament, and his opposition to the Puritan reformers was driving many of  them out of England, was clearly a motivation for the young Sanford boys and many others to seek a better life in America. It is also a strong possibility that their father encouraged such a movement.  It is not clear however, that they all came over to America on the same ship with their uncle, but it is noted that most of them settled for a period in what would soon become the city of Hartford, Connecticut along with their uncle Andrew. Robert was only around 16 or 17 years old when he arrived in America with his two brothers, Thomas, who was around 25 years old, and Andrew who was only around 15 years old. The young ages of the three brothers would certainly strongly suggest that they may very well have traveled overseas with their older uncle Andrew Warner.

Map of Hartford showing original founders
(Picture can be clicked to enlarge)
Obviously based on their young ages there are no records that we could uncover about Robert and his brothers in America for at least a decade after their arrival. On the other hand, the life of their uncle Andrew Warner who is of course my 10th great uncle, is fairly well documented and if we assume that the young Sanford boys followed Andrew, then it is worth mentioning what Andrew did during his early years in America. We know that his first residence in America was in the community of Cambridge (originally named Newtowne) where he lived from 1633 until 1636. Cambridge was (is) located up the Charles River just a little west of Boston. Andrew almost immediately joined the local church and was soon chosen as a Cambridge selectman. Perhaps due to his involvement with the church and his friendship with the Rev. Thomas Hooker, he along with around 100 other men including the Rev. Hooker moved in 1636 and helped create the new settlement of Hartford located on the Connecticut River in the future state of Connecticut. Andrew Warner's name appears in the list of the founders of Hartford (and his name appears on the map of Hartford above.). The Sanford boys names do not appear on the list but then neither does Andrew Warner's wife's name appear nor do the names of their children all of whom obviously moved with their parents to Hartford. The list of course includes only the names of the male adults so it is entirely possible that my 8th great grandfather, Robert Sanford, arrived in Hartford with the other families in 1636 which would technically make him also an original founder of Hartford.

The first mention of Robert Sanford in Hartford and in America for that matter was the birth of his son and first child Zachariah Sanford in 1644. It is estimated that he married my 8th great grandmother, Hannah "Ann" Sarah Adams (1624-1682) in Hartford in 1643 when she was around 21 years old. Ann Adams according to many family historians was the daughter of Jeremy Adams (1604-1683) and Rebecca Taylor (1608-1678), my 9th great grandparents, and Jeremy's name also appears on the list of the original Hartford founders. It probably needs to be mentioned that there are also many family historians that adamantly dispute any claim that Robert Sanford's wife Ann was a daughter of Jeremy Adams and his wife. They may be right, therefore we will not spend any time describing this side of our ancestry. It is a well known historical fact that Hartford was originally settled by Puritans under the leadership of the Rev. Thomas Hooker. Hooker had encouraged his Puritan followers to leave the Boston area because he was very much disturbed with the "undemocratic ways" of the colony's government. What we found interesting in our research of the Sanford family as well as the Andrew Warner family for that matter, is that there was no mention of either of these families ever being Puritans. While it may be unlikely that Robert Sanford was an avid Puritan when he emigrated to America at the age of only 16 or 17, it would seem highly likely that he ultimately became a strong proponent not only having moved to Hartford but also because his new wife as the likely daughter of a Puritan and an early Hartford settler was undoubtedly herself a Puritan.

We unfortunately do not know a great deal about the life of our Robert Sanford although he was known to have been granted land in the Hartford area as well as land in nearby Windsor. He does not appear to have been in any major leadership positions in his town's government and when it comes to his occupation we learned only that he was a chimney inspector (or chimney viewer) in 1651/52, a leather sealer in most years between 1658 to 1672, and finally a fence viewer between 1662 and 1674. On the other hand he was an apparent leader in his family as between 1644 and about 1665 he and Ann had eight children which meant that Ann was pregnant about 30% of the time during her child bearing years. Their third child, Ezekiel Sanford (1648-1716) is my 7th great grandfather. Unfortunately Robert Sanford died fairly young at the age of 60 in the year 1676. His death is known to have hit him fairly quickly and unexpectedly as he only partially completed his last will and testament before he died. My great grandmother Ann only outlived Robert by a few years finally dying herself in 1682. It is assumed that they are both buried in an old "Ancient Burying Ground" in downtown Hartford known as the Center Church Graveyard. Unfortunately both of their gravestones have long ago been lost.

Hanging a Witch
Before we continue with the next generation of our Sanford ancestors, it is worth telling a brief and cruel story about Robert's younger brother Andrew Sanford (1617-1681), my 9th great uncle. Andrew like his brother Robert, also moved to Hartford probably with his brother and their uncle. Records show that in 1643, then 26 year old Andrew married a girl named Mary Botsford and then they like other young married couples of the time, began to raise children. Andrew worked according to some records also as a Chimney Viewer. A "chimney viewer" was a position responsible for making sure that all residents kept their chimneys clean. His brother Robert as we previously mentioned also held this rather silly position for awhile. Unfortunately in 1662 both Andrew and Mary got caught up in one of Hartford's worst historical actions. They were both accused of being witches. The Hartford records show that between 1647 and 1768, 38 individuals were accused of witchcraft including eleven of them between the years 1661 and 1663. Anyway, in the year 1662 Andrew was tried as being a witch but fortunately he was not convicted although many voted against him. His wife on the other hand was also tried shortly after her husband, but in her case she was found guilty and most historical records report that she was hanged. It is almost impossible to imagine that a community that was governed entirely by strong religious leaders operating in a country that was originally founded by individuals who sought liberty and religious freedom, that they would have sunk so low in their behavior to hang people believed to be witches. Oh well . . .

Original Sanford home still exists today
Ezekiel Sanford (1648-1716) was the third child and second son of Robert and Ann and my 7th great grandfather. He was around 22 years old when he made the decision to leave his parents and his birth home in Hartford and move in 1670 to what today is known as Bridgehampton Village in the Town of Southampton at the far eastern end of Long Island. The first European/American settlers relocated to Bridgehampton in 1656 although at the time the areas were separated by the Sagg Pond and were then known as Mecox on the western side of the pond and Sagaponack on the eastern side. We find it interesting that only a few years following Ezekiel's move to Long Island, the English, primarily those living in Connecticut, declared war on the Dutch who were living primarily on the western end of Long Island and by 1674 the English following an attack took possession of New Amsterdam and all of its occupied land and subsequently renamed it New York. There is no evidence that our Ezekiel Sanford was among those men from the Southampton area who joined with others in invading the Dutch held areas but then who knows. In any case, it is believed that in 1678, Ezekiel was leased 15 acres of land just south of Bridgehampton and alongside the west side of the Sagg Pond and it was here that he eventually built his home (see photo above). In 1679, Ezekiel married my 7th great grandmother, Hannah Mitchell (1662-1716). Hannah was born and lived in Hartford so it is possible that Ezekiel may have met Hannah when he lived in Hartford although when he left Hartford in 1670, Hannah would have only been around eight years old. It is possible that Hannah later moved to the Bridgehampton area with her father or one of her siblings although we could find nothing to verify this possibility. Some sources also suggest that they married back in Hartford although this would seem highly unlikely. In any case, following their marriage, Ezekiel and Hannah Mitchell Sanford soon moved into the home show in the above photograph and together they had at least five children born in their Sanford home between the years 1681 and 1694 including my 6th great grandfather, Ezekiel Sanford (Jr) born on 9 April 1681.

Old photo of  Ezekiel Sanford bridge over Sagg Pond
Ezekiel Sanford's (Sr) occupation was known to have been that of a wheelwright or someone who builds or repairs wooden cartwheels. Obviously with this carpentry talent it might explain in part why around the time of the mid-1680s his local town commissioned him to build a bridge over the Sagg Pond. Unfortunately for the local residents, the Sagg Pond ran along the eastern side of Bridgehampton all of the way down to the Atlantic Ocean and thus anyone wanting to cross had to make a long trip around the Pond. At least one source noted that the deal was that once Ezekiel completed the construction of the new bridge, then the 15 acres of land that he was leasing from the village would be given to him outright.

In any case, Ezekiel Sanford helped to solve the problem when he completed the bridge construction in 1686. The village itself was actually renamed "Bridgehampton" shortly following the construction of the bridge both to reflect the construction of the new bridge and to include the name of the village of Easthampton on the eastern side of the pond. While obviously the original bridge built by Ezekiel does not exist today, there is still a bridge crossing the Sagg Pond in almost the same location as our great grandfather's masterpiece. The road crossing the bridge is called Bridge Lane and still sitting on Bridge Lane on the western side of the pond is the old Sandford homestead. We found it quite interesting to learn the Sanford homestead remained in the Sanford family for over 325 years until it was finally sold outside the family.

Sagg Pond flowing to the Atlantic Ocean
My great grandfather Ezekiel Sanford died a fairly wealthy man at the age of 67 in February of 1716. He outlived my great grandmother Hannah by at least a decade and they are both believed to be buried in an old burying ground in Bridgehampton although their gravestones have long been lost. Their oldest son and my 6th great grandfather Ezekiel Sanford was around 34 years old and married at the time of his father's death. The modern day photograph above shows the Sagg Pond and in the distance the modern day bridge built to replace our ancestor's constructed bridge. The land owned by our Sanford family today is worth in the multimillion dollar price range.  

Howell's Water Mill, Southampton, NY
Despite spending a large amount of time researching the life of my 6th great grandfather Ezekiel Sanford (1681-1755), we really learned very little. As his parents' oldest son he undoubtedly eventually inherited their home on the Sagg Pond and he may have even lived there with his wife and many of his children even before his father's death in 1716. Ezekiel married my 6th great grandmother, Elizabeth Moore (1681-1738) in Bridgehampton in 1705. One of the interesting things about Elizabeth Moore's family is that her great grandfather on her mother's side, a man named Edward Howell (1584-1655), my 9th great grandfather, is included in the list of men named as the original settlers of Southampton in 1640. Southampton is located about seven miles west of Bridgehampton. Edward is also listed as the "acknowledged leader" and that he was born in Marsh Gibbon in Buckinghamshire, England. Historical records note that he served as a magistrate in Southampton (then called "Mecox") until 1653 and as Assistant of the Connecticut Colony (which controlled at that point western Long Island) from 1647 until 1653.

One of the fascinating things that our great grandfather Edward Howell accomplished during his time in Southampton was that he built a water mill for grinding grain, rye, and wheat into flour. This mill still exists today as an historical structure and it is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places. Obviously our great grandfather was during his lifetime an extensive landowner, a fairly wealthy man, and generally credited with being the leader of the first English settlers in the future state of New York. The first settlers of New York before the English were of course the Dutch living in New Amsterdam. Edward's wife and my 9th great grandmother was Francis Paxton (1584-1630) and they had six children including my 8th great grandmother, Margaret Howell (1622-1707). Our Howell ancestry is described in far great detail in Chapter 45 of this family blog.

Moore Home in Newtown before it was torn down
My 8th great grandfather, the Rev. John Moore (Abt.1620-1657) married Margaret Howell in Southampton, Long Island around 1641. John Moore had move to Southampton around 1640 along with Margaret's father and many others including Margaret and he too is credited with being one of the original founders of Southampton. He had originally emigrated to Massachusetts from England in 1636. It is written that he purchased a home in Cambridge the following year (which is hard to imagine at the age of only 17), and subsequently he served as a magistrate in the town. Some family historians claim or at least suggest that he became associated with the founding of the school in Cambridge that later in 1639 became known as Harvard although here again it would seem more likely that he simply either attended Harvard or worked for them, as the school was originally founded back in 1636. It is believed that John Moore studied in England to be a minister and perhaps again at Harvard for he spent most of his life as a church minister particularly after John and Margaret and their family moved around 1651 from Southampton to Newtown, Long Island located in what was then part of the Dutch controlled area now known as New Amsterdam. John is credited with being among the original settlers of Newtown which was originally called Maspat, then called  Middelburg (or Middleburgh) and then following the English takeover of New Amsterdam in 1664, the name changed to Hastings. Apparently however, the early English settlers had long called their home, Newtown. Whatever its name, it was obviously the first English settlement in Queens County, New York. Together John and Margaret had seven children including my 7th great grandfather and their last child, Joseph Moore (1651-1724), who was born in Newtown in 1651. Unfortunately Joseph was only six years old when his father died at the relatively young age of only 37 in 1657. It was said that his father died of a "pestilence disease" which implies he died of some serious infectious disease that was totally unknown back in the 1600s . . . perhaps measles or chicken pox? Incidentally, one of the main leaders of the English move into New Amsterdam back in 1642 was a man by the name of the Rev. Francis Doughty, a strong proponent of Puritanism. When John Moore died in 1657, his wife and my great grandmother Margaret married in 1660 a man named Francis Doughty (Jr) who was not only the son of the Rev. Francis Doughty, but who was also a minister himself and soon took over the church previously run by John Moore.

The Old Hasley House built by Thomas Hasley about 1648
Unfortunately we were able to find very little about the life of my 7th great grandfather, Joseph Moore (1651-1726). He obviously spent his younger years living with his mother and his stepfather Francis Doughty in Newtown, which was then under the general control of the Dutch and the Dutch colonial governor, Peter Stuyvesant. In 1664 when he was in his early teens the Dutch surrendered New Amsterdam to the English and things undoubtedly began to change included a rapid influx of English settlers. In 1673, the Dutch retook the leadership in the area but quickly this changed back to English control by the following year. Whether or not all of these changes were motivating factors for Joseph to leave western Long Island and move back to Southampton is not known nor do we know exactly what year he moved. All that is know is that Joseph Moore married my 7th great grandmother, Sarah Halsey (1658-1725) in her home town of Southampton sometime before their first child was born in 1681. It was a great match for Joseph for Sarah's father, my 8th great grandfather, Thomas Hasley (1626-1688), was not only one of the original founders of Southampton along with his brothers and his father but he was also one of the wealthiest men living in the area. In his will that was written in the year 1688, he mentions his married daughter Sarah and her husband Joseph Moore. One interesting thing that we did learn about Thomas Halsey, is that his father's wife and my 8th great grandmother whose name was Elizabeth or Phebe, is recorded by some as having been killed by indians in 1649. Unfortunately we were unable to find any details about this claim as it might have made an interesting additional tale in this chapter of our blog. One source however, did report that the Indians who killed my great grandmother were captured, tried and found guilty, and were executed.  Good ending. Anyway,

Joseph and Sarah Halsey Moore lived the rest of their lives following their marriage in Southampton. We do not know all of the names nor the exact number of children who were born to our great grandparents although only four children were named in Joseph's will that was "proved" on 30 May 1726 and originally written in 1723. Records show that their oldest daughter and my 6th great grandmother, Elizabeth Moore (1681-1738), was born or baptized on 29 October 1681. Elizabeth Moore as we mentioned earlier in this chapter was later to become the wife of my 6th great grandfather, Ezekiel Sanford (1681-1755). Also mentioned in Joseph's will is the fact that he lived next door to his then son-in-law Ezekiel Sanford and that he gave his slave Peter a half acre of land. Joseph Moore was also apparently fairly well off financially or at least enough to be able to own a slave and a considerable amount of land. Incidentally it is recorded that Long Island had the largest slave population of any rural or urban area in the north during the colonial period and that the future state of New York slave population had grown to almost 20,000 about the time of the Revolutionary War.

So we now again return to the story of our Sanford ancestors. Elizabeth Moore married Ezekiel Sanford in Bridgehampton early in the year 1705 and their first child was born in October of that same year. Ezekiel's father only a few years earlier had become quite well known in Bridgehampton having recently completed a new bridge over the Sagg Pond. We do not know for certain what Ezekiel did for a living although most of the families living in Bridgehampton during this time period were farmers including the leaders of the community. Ezekiel was undoubtedly a farmer. The original settlers of both Southampton in 1640 and later in Bridgehampton were Puritans who had moved from Connecticut. By the time of Ezekiel's birth however, most of the residents of the area were thought to be Presbyterians and we believe that the only church in Bridgehampton at the time was a Presbyterian church. Originally the eastern end of Long island was under the leadership of the Colony of Connecticut, however in 1665, then Governor John Winthrop Jr of New York announced that the towns on the eastern end of Long Island were now part of New York. All of these changes of course took place before Ezekiel's birth and the local citizens by the late 1600s were undoubtedly by that point accustomed to the changes. Some records of Ezekiel Sanford's public life report that he was at some point a local constable and that he had held a few town offices. He is also noted to have been a "lieutenant of the third Militia Company" although there is no record that he ever participated in any local battles  The French and Indian War began in 1754 shortly after his death in 1748,

Elizabeth and Ezekiel Sanford were know to have had around seven children as mentioned in Ezekiel's will although some other records show that they had eight children between their marriage in 1705 and Elizabeth's rather early death at the age of 57 in the year 1735. Not surprisingly, Ezekiel remarried following his wife's death. He finally died in 1755 at the age of 74. The daughter of Elizabeth and Ezekiel Sanford, Abigail Sanford (1712-1748) is my 5th great grandmother.

Abigail Sanford was 20 years old when she married my 5th great grandfather, Silas Sayre (1708-1747) in Bridgehampton in 1732. The story of my Sayre family ancestry is well told (I hope) in Chapter 13, "The Sayre Family" in this blog. What we learned is that Silas Sayre's great grandfather, Thomas Sayre (1597-1670) is one of the original settlers of Southampton back in 1640. We also just learned that two of Thomas' sons, Daniel Sayre (1633-1708), who was Silas Sayre's grandfather, and his brother Job Sayre (1637-1694), are both my great grandfathers. When we wrote the chapter about our Sayre ancestors, Chapter 13, we were not aware at the time that Daniel Sayre was also a great grandfather. Another interesting but surprising connection that we discovered is that one of Job Sayre's sons, a man named Job Sayre (Jr) (1672-1755) married a girl named Susannah Howell (1680-?) who was the great granddaughter of Edward Howell (1584-1655) who we mentioned earlier in this Sanford Ancestry chapter and who was also an original founder of Southampton. Obviously these communities were all quite small back in the early 1600s so it should not be surprising that find that one's children and grandchildren married their neighbors' children and grandchildren.

Anyway, the marriage of Abigail Sanford to Silas Sayre marks the end of my Sanford ancestry. My relationship to my Sanford ancestors is shown below.

5th Great Grandparents:  Abigail Sanford  m  Silas Sayre
4th Great Grandparents:  Elizabeth Sayre  m  Nathaniel Seeley
                                       (1760-1806)          (1756-1796)
3rd Great Grandparents: Elizabeth Seeley  m  Archibald Campbell
                                       (1790-1869)          (1770-1855
2nd Great Grandparents:    Jane Campbell m  Joshua Rappleye
                                       (1819-1891)          (1814-1888)
Great Grandparents:  Helena E. Rappleye  m  Asbury H. Baker
                                       (1860-1944)          (1860-1933)
Grandparents:               Charles S. Baker  m  Helen Spaulding
                                       (1885-1952)          (1887-1937)
Parents:                       Charles A. Baker  m  Marian C. Patterson
                                       (1916-2000)          (1916-1973)
Living Generation:    Charles A. Baker Jr.
                              Anne Baker Fanton
                              Joan Patterson Baker

And so ends another story . . . . . .