Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Chapter 66 - Our Hoag Ancestry

We have to admit that after researching and writing over 60 chapters about our ancestors, it has now become a great deal more difficult to uncover new ancestral families with sufficient information about their lives to make it fairly easy to write a reasonably detailed story. For this chapter we have chosen our Hoag family ancestry although we have to admit that while there is much written about this family, what is written is often contradictory. Because of these contradictions we have had trouble knowing exactly which "historical facts" are accurate and which ones are just guesses. So after admitting this problem, we will simply try and write what we believe makes the most sense and hopefully we will not be totally wrong. Perhaps when we encounter one of our Hoag family ancestors up in Heaven many years, I hope, in the future, that they will set us straight as to our accuracy. Anyway, we shall now begin their story.

King Charles 1 became King of England in the year 1625 and in the year 1629 he disposed the British Parliament, and perhaps as a result of his having married a Roman Catholic woman, he soon became a strong opponent of such "reformed" religious groups as the English Puritans. It is not surprising therefore, to learn that around 80,000 Puritans left England for other countries between the ten year period between 1630 and 1640 including around 20,000 Puritans who moved to New England in America. Their departure from England eventually slowed down considerably following King Charles's loss of power in the early 1640s and in fact it is written that as many as 7% to 10% of the Puritans actually returned to England following the defeat and departure of King Charles 1. We mention all of this because it helps us understand and believe that our first Hoag ancestor moved to New England around the year 1636 and not in the year 1640 as reported by some family historians.

1st Church in Boston, 1732
My 9th great grandfather, Richard Hoag (? - 1728?), who was likely a Puritan, is believed to have landed in Boston sometime in the year 1636. We do not know for certain the exact year of his birth but he was probably no older than 25 years old when he arrived in America. Some stories however, report his birth year as early 1602, although considering he was probably single at the time of his arrival, this early birth date would seem unlikely. In any case, he soon married a girl named Joan, who was my 9th great grandmother and together they had three children who survived their births including my 8th great grandfather, John Hoag (1643-1728).  Records show that a Richard Hoag was made a Freeman in 1640 and owned land in Boston by 1646. Also he and his wife are listed as being members of the 1st Church in Boston which was founded back in 1632 and his children are listed in the old church records as having been baptized in this church. Another one of this church's early members was a famous man named John Winthrop, who was an early governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, an English Puritan leader, very wealthy, and quite possibly a friend of our great grandfather. Unfortunately from an historical perspective, following the year 1652 all records about our Richard Hoag in the Boston area have disappeared. Most family historians however, conclude that his disappearance was simply because Richard Hoag and his family, except for his son John Hoag, returned to England. Considering the demise of King Charles I in England and his prior persecutions of the Puritans, the return of our Hoag ancestors to England is entirely possible. We do however, have one serious issue about Richard Hoag's return to England that makes us kind of dislike my 9th great grandfather. His son John Hoag, my 8th great grandfather, who would have been under ten years old when his parents returned to England, was apparently working as an apprentice to a leather dresser and glove maker, and when his parents asked that their son be released from his role as an apprentice, his master apparently refused his release. The fact that Grandpa Richard Hoag then accepted this refusal and soon departed for England leaving John Hoag alone in America, is totally disgusting. Apparently the family never returned to America and it is entirely possible that the family died as a result of the various plaques that swept through England during this time period following their return. This is just a guess (or perhaps wishful thinking.)

Early apprenticeship
It is not known exactly how long young John Hoag served as an apprentice especially considering the rather young age that he started his training, but undoubtedly his service was completed on or before his twenty-first birthday. Typically apprenticeship durations during this time and place in history lasted only around seven years, so if John Hoag was an apprentice at the time of his parents' departure in 1652 and he was only nine years old at the time, this would suggest that he completed his program at the age of around 16 years old. This young age would seem highly doubtful which strongly suggests that our John Hoag may have been born earlier than the year 1643. If this is possibly the case, then what we wrote in the prior paragraph about John's parents and especially the dates of their marriage and John's birth, may be incorrect. Anyway, following his apprenticeship program, John Hoag began a business where he might be listed as a "leather-dresser, glove maker, or weaver," services that were most likely in high demand during this period of our country's history.

We do not know exactly when John Hoag moved about 30 miles north of Boston to a village now known as Newbury, but it was probably shortly following the conclusion of his apprenticeship and it was probably where he first either started up his new business or more likely went to work for an existing company. With his parents long gone by that point, it is very unlikely that he had any financial networth which would have made it very difficult to start a new business much less even purchase property.  The town of Newbury was originally settled in 1635 so by the time of John's arrival about 30 years later, it was probably a fairly well developed village with a population of at least 300 or more residents who were described on one website as being "staunch middle class" citizens.

One of the earliest settlers of Newbury was a man by the name of John Emery (1598-1683), my 9th great grandfather, who with his brother Anthony Emery, and their families arrived in Boston on the ship James on 3 June 1635 and soon after settled in the new town of Newbury. With John Emery was his wife Alice Grantham (1599-1647) and their four children. Alice was not my great grandmother. John Emery was quite active in his community during most of his life in America including serving on a number of juries, being a constable, a town officer, and generally accepted as a "solid citizen."  He was also noted as being fairly wealthy although his jobs as a carpenter and as an innkeeper might suggest that he was not really that wealthy but better described as being reasonably well off. John's wife Alice died in early 1647 and less than a year later John married a woman named Mary Shatswell (1606-1694), my 9th great grandmother, who like her new husband had just recently lost her spouse, a man named John Webster. Not surprisingly perhaps, Mary brought her six (or so) children with her when she married John and most likely she also brought with her some property and a certain amount of wealth. Together, Mary and John had two children including my 8th great grandmother, Ebenezer Emery (1648-1694), who was later to become the wife of our John Hoag. Ebenezer Emery and John Hoag were married in Newbury on 21 April 1669 and undoubted her parents, and her step-brothers and sisters, all attended the wedding.

One controversy that we believe should be pointed out is that many family trees and other Emery family history stories state that Ebenezer Emery is actually the daughter of John Emery's first wife, Alice Grantham and not his second wife Mary Shatswell. We can well understand the confusion considering the lack of historical records and dates of deaths and marriages, however, in Mary Shatswell Emery's last will and testament written in 1694, she writes "to my daughter Ebneser the rest of my wearing clothes" which we doubt would have been stated in her death will had not Ebenezer actually been her birth daughter. Furthermore, the other children listed in her will were not the children of John Emery and Alice Grantham but her children from her prior marriage.

Quite honestly, we could not uncover a lot about the history of our great grandfather John Hoag. We know that he became fairly successful and prominent in his community and for awhile he served as a County Magistrate and Judge. Historical records informed us that his role as a judge occurred during the period of the Salem Witch Trials and while we could not find the exact date and details of the trial in which he participated, we know that it occurred sometime between February 1692 and September 1693. We have gained a lot of respect for our great grandfather when we learned that his outspoken opposition to the Witch Trials resulted in him losing his job as a judge. One family historian wrote the following" "John Hoag was a man of fine natural abilities and filled the place of Side Judge in the County Court until the accusations and arrests of folk for witchcraft which he opposed with such steadfastness and resolution that he lost his seat." In the end at least 19 were found guilty of witchcraft and hanged including 14 women and 5 men, plus at least 200 others were accused of being witches and imprisoned until ultimately released when the whole concept of witchcraft lost public support. We must praise our great grandfather John Hoag for his opposition to these absurd actions on the part of some of our early American settlers.

We do not know for certain the number of children born to John and Ebenezer Hoag although most family historians list somewhere between ten and twelve. Part of the problem with counting the number of children born during this time period, is that far to many children died shortly following their birth and some before they were given names and were baptized and thus no records were recorded. Their second child, a boy named Jonathan Hoag (1671-1747) is my 7th great grandfather. One of the interesting things to read about the Hoag family at this point is that many of their children became Quakers including their son Jonathan, and thus departed from their Presbyterian or Puritan upbringing. The Quakers differed from the Puritans primarily in the fact that the Quakers opposed the central church authority and they did not believe that it was necessary to attend formal church services. They were also opposed to slavery and they believed in sexual equality. Initially the Puritans attacked the Quakers beginning around the year 1650, and even several Quakers were hanged, but by the time that the Hoag children began to convert around the 1720s, Quakers had their own meeting houses and were allowed to openly worship as they chose without being persecuted by the Puritans.  We found it somewhat interesting however, that the Hoag parents did not formally convert along with their children, at least not until John Hoag made the decision to become a Quaker not long before his death which occurred at the age of 85 in the year 1728. There are no records that we could find showing that my great grandmother Ebenezer ever agreed to convert although her father got in trouble once for entertaining Quakers in his house as early as 1663 so obviously her family was not opposed to Quakerism. Unfortunately, we have no idea when Ebenezer died as her death dates are all over the place beginning as early as 1694 and as late as 1729.

Jonathan Hoag, my 7th great grandfather, married my 7th great grandmother, Martha Goodwin (1685-1747), on 15 September 1703 most likely in her hometown of Amesbury, Massachusetts located around 10 miles north of Jonathan's hometown of Newbury. Despite the distance between the cities, the Hoag and Goodwin families had probably gotten to have known each other quite well as Martha Goodwin's twin sister, Sarah Goodwin, four years later in 1707 married Jonathan's younger brother, Joseph Hoag (1676-1760). These were good marriages for both of the Hoag brothers, as our Goodwin ancestors were quite well known and financially successful. Martha's and Sarah's grandfather, a man named Edward Goodwin (?-1672), my 9th great grandfather, is believed to have landed in the Boston area from England in or just before the year 1640 and we suspect that he was quite young at the time of his arrival.  His first marriage was to a young girl believed to be named Joanne Hart, my 9th great grandmother, which took place we believe in the year 1653 around 13 years following Edward's arrival. Their first and only son and my 8th great grandfather, Richard Goodwin (1654-1729) was born a year or so following his parents' marriage. Unfortunately, Joanne died soon after or at least before giving birth to additional children, and Edward later followed with a second marriage in 1668 to a widowed woman named Susanna Stowers. Together Richard and his second wife Susanna had at least two children.

Early boat ferry in Boston Harbor
Edward Goodwin is known to have operated and co-owned a boat ferry business soon after his arrival in Boston that operated sailing vessels from Boston across the bay to the village of Winnetsemet (now known as Chelsea). Apparently their business was not to successful for in the year 1644 they were short of money and had failed to make payments on their investment.  It would appear that our Edward Goodwin did not give up his desire to be a "shipwright" for when he later moved north up to Amesbury, he became a shipbuilder and operated a successful and an apparently prosperous business along the Merrimac River. The Merrimac River flowed down to the Atlantic Ocean and the distance from Edward's business and his home to the ocean along the river was less than five miles. It was interesting to read in a History of Amesbury that the first major industry in their area was ship-building and that over 600 wooden ships were built between the period beginning around the time of Edward Goodwin's arrival and the time of the American Revolution.
"Shipwright" - ship construction

Their son, Richard Goodwin was only 18 years old when his father died in 1672 and as the oldest child and son he ended up inheriting his father's property and his father's shipwright business. Five years later on the 14th of November in the year 1677 he married my 8th great grandmother, Mary Fowler (1650-1729). Quite interestingly, Mary's father, Samuel Fowler (abt 1618-1711), my 9th great grandfather, had come to America with his parents at the age of only 16 years old in the year 1618 onboard the ship "Mary and John" and like his future son-in-law, he too is listed as having been a "shipwright" and it is certainly possible that he and his future son-in-law, Richard Goodwin, had known each other prior to Richard's eventual marriage to his daughter.  Samuel is known to have purchased land in Amesbury in 1673 and was a known to be a resident of nearby Salisbury, Massachusetts.

Richard Goodwin and Mary Fowler Goodwin had at least five children together including their youngest daughter Martha Goodwin who was born on the 9th day of June in the year 1688 probably in their home in Amesbury in Essex, Massachusetts. As we previously mentioned, Martha married Jonathan Hoag on 15 September 1703 and over their lifetimes they had as many as twelve children including their second child and my 6th great grandfather, a boy named David Hoag (1712-1785). As far as we could determine they spent their entire lives living in Newbury, Massachusetts although some family trees incorrectly record their death locations as Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. This mistake was probably caused by the fact that one of their sons named Jonathan Hoag, obviously named after his father, married a girl named Elizabeth Dow and for awhile they lived in Hampton Falls.

Unfortunately we know very little about the life of my great grandfather Jonathan Hoag. His older brother, John Hoag, most likely inherited their father's business but we could uncover nothing that mentioned what Jonathan may have done as a business other than he was most likely a farmer. As previously mentioned in a prior paragraph, Jonathan joined his brothers in becoming a Quaker around the 1720s although prior to this major change, he is recorded as having served in the "2nd Company" militia for a period of only 11 days in the year 1708. His militia company was obviously engaged in the Queen Anne's War that took place between the years of 1702 and 1718, wherein the British and American troops battled the French and Indians. Fortunately for our great grandfather, there is no evidence that his militia company ever actually engaged in any battles. We did find one other interesting historical fact that recorded that in the year 1722, Jonathan Hoag was fined "for refusing to train" meaning that since he had by that point concerted to Quakerism, he was no longer interested in training for the military.  There is a little confusion as to the actual year of Jonathan Hoag's death although most historians have it listed as the year 1747. My grandmother, Martha Goodwin Hoag, is listed as having died in the same year as her husband.  Again, who knows if this is accurate, nor do we know, unfortunately, exactly where they are buried other than it was most likely in a cemetery near Newbury.

David Hoag, my 6th great grandfather, married my 6th great grandmother, Keziah Jenkins (1714-1758) on the 11th day of October in the year 1734 (although there is some controversy about this date as we will explain below.) Keziah grew up in the Village of Dover in Strafford County, New Hampshire located around 40 miles north of David's home in Newbury, Massachusetts, and we could not determine how they would have meet each other considering the distance between their homes. It is possible of course, that their marriage was arranged by their parents all of whom were Quakers. Keziah at the time of her marriage was only 19 years old which certainly would suggest an arranged marriage.  Anyway, our research of the ancestors of our Keziah Jenkins yielded us a lot of very interesting history about this side of our family.

Map showing location of Richmond Island, Maine
Keziah Jenkins' great grandfather and our 9th great grandfather was a man by the name of Reynold (or Reginald) Jenkins (1608-1683) who arrived in America on the ship "Agnes" in the year 1636. Their ship landed on a remote island later to be named Richmond Island located off the coast of the future state of Maine. This island was originally visited by the famous French sea captain, Samuel de Champlain, back in the year 1605. At the time of Reynold Jenkins' arrival the island had become a major fishing village and as far as we could determined, Reynold remained there as a fisherman until at least the year 1640 and maybe later, at which time he moved about 50 miles south to the coastal settlement of Kittery located today on the Maine/New Hampshire border. Kittery was also located on a major river and close to the ocean so it is highly likely that Reynold continued his occupation as a fisherman. It was here that he probably met and married my 9th great grandmother, a woman named Ann, and together they had at many as five or more children including my 8th great grandfather, Stephen Jenkins (1653-1694). Incidentally, some family historians claim that Reynold married his wife Ann in England before he departed to America, however we believe that this assumption is highly unlikely. Records show Reynold Jenkins as being a Quaker and like many others during this time period he got in trouble, was taken to court, and paid a fine for failing to attend the local church services. Records also show that in 1652 he took an Oath of Allegiance.  Reynold Jenkins died at the age of 75 years old in the year 1683 outliving his wife by about 5 years. Where they are buried is not known.

It is unlikely that their son Stephen Jenkins inherited any money or land from his parents as his father was not wealthy and typically the largest inheritance was given to the oldest son which was not our Stephen. Stephen married my 8th great grandmother, Elizabeth Pitman (1660-1687), in the year 1678. She was only 18 years old when she married. Her father, William Pitman (1632-1682) arrived in America in Boston in the year 1653 and shortly after his arrived he married Elizabeth's mother, Barbara Evans (1634-1660). Unfortunately my 9th great grandmother Barbara Evans died shortly following Elizabeth's birth in 1660. Elizabeth was her fourth child. Her father remarried two more times and had at least eight more children before he died in the year 1682 at the age of only 50 years old. In his final will he left his daughter Elizabeth only 15 shillings. Apparently his service as a blacksmith did not yield him a lot of wealth.

We do not know exactly when and for that matter why, Stephen Jenkins moved with his family from their home in Kittery, Maine to an area then known as Oyster River Plantation and now known as Durham, New Hampshire, a distance west of around 14 miles. The Oyster River Plantation had originally been settled back in 1635 although it is likely that Stephen Jenkins was attracted to the rather rural area because large acres of land could be purchased at a rather low price. Unfortunately things did not go well for our Jenkins family. For whatever reason, my grandmother Elizabeth Pitman Jenkins apparently and deliberately drowned herself in the Oyster River in the year 1687. She was obviously not satisfied with her life. To make matters even worse, during the King William's War, on July 18, 1694 our ancestors' village was attacked by around 250 Abenaki Indians and 45 of the residents were killed including our Stephen Jenkins and one of his daughters and 49 other residents were captured and taken to Canada. Another history story claims that 104 residents were killed and only 27 taken captive. Most of the homes and crops in the area were burned to the ground and all of their livestock were killed. Included in those captured was Stephen Jenkins second wife, Ann Tozier and Stephens' surviving children including my 7th great grandfather, Joseph Jenkins (1685-1777) who was at the time around 9 years old. Fortunately Ann Tozier was able to later escape from the Indians along with the captured children and some of the other residents.

There are no historical records that support the likelihood that young Joseph Jenkins was among those captured by the Indians following the death of his father other than a later statement by his stepmother claiming that her husband's children were also taken by the Indians. All that is really known is that in 1704 Joseph married my 7th great grandmother, Hannah Merrow (abt 1669-1743) apparently in the village of Dover in Strafford, New Hampshire where their family eventually lived for many years. Considering that Hannah grew up in Reading, Massachusetts around 70 miles south of Dover, how they actually met is a total mystery although several of Hannah's siblings eventually ended up in Stratford. What we find quite interesting assuming that their birth dates are accurate is that Joseph was only around 19 years old when he married Hannah who was then about 35 year old. If her birthdate is accurate, she gave birth to her youngest son when she was 45 years old, which frankly seems highly unlikely back in 1715, but then, who knows. Anyway, Joseph and Hannah had six children including their daughter and my 6th great grandmother, Keziah Jenkins (1714-1758) who was born on 1 November 1714. My grandmother Hannah Merrow died in 1743 at the age of around 74 year old. Her husband, my grandfather Joseph Jenkins, remarried shortly following Hannah's death, a woman named Tabitha Weymouth. He lived for many more years working for a long period as a preacher "among the Friends" until finally dying in the year 1777 at the age of 92 years old, quite remarkable at that time of our history.

We mentioned in a prior paragraph that my 6th great grandmother Keziah Jenkins married my 6th great grandfather David Hoag in the year 1734 and that she was 19 years old at the time of their marriage. We did find it confusing however, that in the last will and testament of her older brother Joseph Jenkins that was dated 26 Jan 1730, she is listed as already being the wife of David Hoag which definitely tells us that she was already married by the year 1730. If that is accurate and her birth year was actually 1714, then she was married by the age of 16. Unfortunately this just shows how hard it is sometimes to research the facts about our ancestors. Anyway, one of the very interesting things that we learned about our David Hoag and his family is that sometime around the year 1640 he joined with a large number of other Quakers in his area who had left their home and moved around 200 miles southwest into a new community later known as Quaker Hill located in Dutchess County, New York. Around the time of their arrival the community was populated by around 40 to 50 other Quakers families, the majority of whom had recently moved from the New England area. Joining David in his move south besides his wife and their two recently born children were at least two of his brothers and one of his cousins and their families. From this point forward we were unable to uncover much about the life of our David Hoag. We know that he had a total of around nine children with most of them born in Quaker Hill (sometimes called Oblong) including my 5th great grandfather and their fourth child, Samuel Hoag (1744-1841).

Oblong Friends Meeting House
David Hoag was undoubtedly a farmer for most of his life but he probably was also an active participant in the Quaker faith. He most likely attended religious services held at their local Oblong Friends Meeting House that had been constructed not long after his family's arrival.  One interesting thing we learned about the Quakers in this area was that they refused to participate in the French and Indian War that took place between 1754 and 1763 and by the 1760s their community had refused to do any more business with slaveholders. They also totally ignored, as much as possible anyway, the American Revolutionary War. My great grandmother Keziah Jenkins Hoag died in the year 1758. Our grandfather David Hoag died many years later in the year 1785. We strongly believe that they are both buried in the Quaker Hill Cemetery although their gravestones have long been lost. It is also possible of course, that they were buried in their own backyard, which at the time was not an uncommon practice.

Their son, Samuel Hoag, married my 5th great grandmother Anna Haviland (1769-1793)  on the 24th of May in the year 1768. Not surprisingly, Anna's family were also Quakers going back for many generations and we have to believe had this not been the case, their marriage would not have taken place. Her great, great grandfather and my 9th great grandfather, a man named William Haviland (?-1697) came over to America from England sometime around 1639 or 1640 and soon settled in the town of Newport, Rhode Island. It was here that he met and married my 9th great grandmother, Hannah Hicks (1638-1688) in the year 1653. What is quite interesting about Hannah's parents and my 10th great grandparents John Hicks (abt 1612-1672) and Herodias (last name unknown) (1623- before 1705) is that around four years following Hannah's birth they got divorced and some historians report that their divorce was "the first divorce in the New Colonies."  We are not sure that if this is true that we should be proud of our great grandparents for their historic first American divorce. Anyway, other than this brief and very goofy description of Anna Haviland's ancestry, we have decided to forgo a detailed description of her ancestry and save it for another chapter.

Samuel and Anna Haviland Hoag had around ten children born between the years 1769 and 1789 including their third child and my 4th great grandmother, Jane Hoag (1772-1849) who was born on 25 September 1772.  Here again, we were unable to learn much in the way of details about the life of Samuel Hoag. He was, like his ancestors and the ancestors of his wife, a Quaker, which meant that despite his relativity young age at the time, he refused to become a soldier during the American Revolution. During our research while trying to learn more about Samuel we came across Samuel's name in a book titled Quaker Hill written by a man named Warren H Wilson and published in 1907. In the book it is written that a "Samuel Hoag is appointed to take care of the (Oblong) Meeting House and to keep the door locked and windows fastened, and to nail up the hole that goes up into the Garratt."  Apparently what the local Quakers were trying to do at the time was to keep the local Tories from hiding in their meeting house and the Quakers wanted nothing to do with the them or the Revolutionary War that was currently taking place. The Tories during the American Revolutionary War were American colonists who supported the British side. Unfortunately for the local Quakers and despite their efforts to stay as far away from the war as possible, their meeting house was later seized by the American soldiers and turned into a hospital for wounded American soldiers.

Samuel Hoag was undoubtedly a farmer during most of his life as were most of his friends and neighbors although some may have been blacksmiths, shoemakers, candlemakers, cabinetmakers and the like. One very surprising thing about both my great grandfather as well as my great grandmother is that they both lived to remarkably old ages. Anna Haviland Hoag lived to the age of 79 years old passing away on 26 April 1818. Her husband Samuel died at the age of 97 years old outliving at least four of his children. The records show that they are both buried in the Quaker Cemetery in Dutchess County, New York undoubtedly located not far from their home.

My 4th great grandmother, Jane Hoag, was around 69 years old when her father died. She had married my 4th great grandfather, Gilbert Titus (1762-1847) when she was 20 years old and by the time of her father's death she had given birth to around 10 children. Jane and Gilbert moved away late in their lives from their home in Dutchess County to a new home in Cayuga County, New York located just east of Cayuga Lake now part of the Finger Lakes in Central New York State. Both Gilbert and Jane Hoag Titus were Quakers so their move away from the Dutchess County area is a little confusing other than it is generally recorded that by the time of the moving, Dutchess County had become somewhat over populated and the Quaker faith was on the decline. A brief description of our Titus ancestry is told in Chapter 19 in this blog titled Ancestors of Marian Coapman. Our relationship to our Hoag ancestors is as follows:

5th Great Grandparents:   Samuel Hoag  m  Anna Haviland
                                       (1744-1841)         (1748-1828)
4th Great Grandparents:   Jane Hoag      m  Gilbert Titus
                                       (1772-1849)         (1762-1847)
3rd Great Grandparents    Lydia Titus      m  Jacob Coapman
                                       (1810-1874)        (1803-1847)
2nd Great Grandparents:  David Coapman  m  Elsie Ann Yawger
                                       (1844-1910)             (1844-1918)
Great Grandparents:        Marian Coapman  m  Eugene H. Ferree
                                       (1867-1895)               (1866-1952)
Grandparents:                Florence Ferree  m  Douglas Patterson
                                       (1891-1938)                 (1888-1979)
Parents:                         Marian C. Patterson  m  Charles A. Baker
                                     (1916-1973)                     (1916-2000)
                                     Charles A. Baker Jr.
                                     Anne R. Baker
                                     Joan P. Baker

And so ends another story . . . .




Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Chapter 65 - Our Diller and Baker Ancestry

My mother's 3rd great grandfather on her mother's side of her family was a man named  David Ferree (1772-1832) who in the year 1794 married a woman by the name of Mary Baker (1775-1858), my 4th great grandmother.  Knowing, obviously, that my mother married a man with the surname of Baker, it made me immediately wonder if perhaps my parents were actually distant cousins. After a brief research however, I soon discovered that my mother's Baker ancestors were of German descent and that they came to America landing in Philadelphia sometime in the early 1700s.  Their surname at the time was spelled or pronounced as "Becker" which quickly was changed to the more English surname of "Baker".  My father's Baker ancestors on the other hand, immigrated from England into the Boston area in the early 1630s so obviously the Beckers and the Bakers were not related.

My Ferree family ancestry is told in Chapter 6 of this blog and it is here in this story that we noted that our early Ferree ancestors settled in what is now known as Lancaster County, Pennsylvania back in the year 1712. They were among the earliest European settlers in this area which at the time was inhabited almost entirely by Native American Indians. The David Ferree who married Mary Baker was in fact the great, great grandson of Marie Warenbuer Ferree (1653-1716), my 8th great grandmother, who first brought her family to what would eventually be named Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. This current chapter will cover what is known about the ancestors of my 4th great grandmother, Mary Baker.  Her parents were Frederick Baker (abt. 1749-1814) and Margaretta Diller (1755-?). We shall begin our family history story with our Diller ancestors.

Alsace, France/Germany in lower left corner
Margaretta Diller's grandfather was a man by the name of Casper Elias Diller (1696-1789) and he is my 7th great grandfather. Quite surprisingly a great deal is written about the life of this man especially in a detailed book titled The Diller Family published back in November of 1877. Unfortunately, there are many contradictions in the various biographies about his life and thus the actual facts cannot be determined for certain. Casper Elias Diller is believed to have been born in Alsace, France located on the border of what is now Germany. In the 1600s, the residents of Alsace were mostly German speaking people and in fact the region had passed between French and German control several times following the Edict of Fontainebleau that was issued by the French King in 1685. The Edict of Fontainebleau in effect had outlawed the Protestant or Huguenot faith in France. The Diller family, as were most of the residents of Alsace at the time, were Protestants as opposed to French Roman Catholics and therefore following the issuance of the Edict of Fontainebleau it is written that the population of the Alsace area decreased dramatically as the residents were forced if they wished to survive as Protestants, to leave France and escape to Holland, Germany, or England. It would seem logical that based on Casper's 1696 birthdate that his parents must have already departed from the French controlled area of Alsace prior to his birth and in fact we believe that Casper was likely born in Germany located just east of France and not in Alsace. The Diller Family book that we previously mentioned, reports that the Diller family with Casper and their other children initially escaped France and moved to Holland and then later moved to England. It is then written that in England following Casper's parents deaths, that he married an English woman and subsequently he moved with his new wife back to Germany. We do not believe that any of this is factually accurate. What does seem to be known for certain is that Casper married a German girl by the name of Anna Barbara Dornis (1703-1766), my 7th great grandmother, on the 23rd day of October in the year 1719. Their marriage is well documented as having taken place in the Village of Gauangelloch in Germany located about 100 miles northeast of Alsace in France. She was therefore not an English woman as claimed in The Diller Family biography.

Anna Barbara and Casper Elias Diller soon moved following their marriage to the nearby town of Heidelberg, Germany where Casper operated a farm and allegedly was a cobbler who made wooded shoes while his wife raised their children including their oldest son, Philip Adam Diller (1723-1777), my 6th great grandfather. Why Casper elected to move to America in the year 1733 is unknown. He was by that point 37 years old, fairly successful as a farmer and merchant, married for almost 14 years, and had four surviving children. Obviously by the year 1733, America was no longer a mystery and the fact that many Germans had already immigrated to America and settled in Pennsylvania was well known. Also word had already gotten back to Germany that religious freedoms in America were promised and good farm land was readily available.  Casper took his wife and by then four children ages 2 to 10 years old, on a long trip from their home up to Rotterdam in the Netherland, a distance of around 330 miles, where they then boarded a ship named the "Samuel" and headed for America. On board the ship were around two hundred and ninety-one persons including men, women, and children, almost all of whom were Germans. The ship departed from Rotterdam on 4 April 1733 and finally landed in Philadelphia on 17 August 1733 after a little over four awful months at sea.

Counties in Eastern Pennsylvania
including both Lebanon and Lancaster Counties
There is a little confusion as to where Casper Elias Diller and his family first lived after their arrival in Philadelphia but it is clear that they ended up owning land and building a home located just west of what is now the Village of Lebanon, in what is now Lebanon County, Pennsylvania located around 80 miles northwest of Philadelphia. There are records that show that in 1743 Casper actually had a claim on 268 acres of land in what would later become the city of New Holland in Lancaster County, however it is stated that he never actually purchased the land in New Holland. Family trees that show that many of his children were born in New Holland appear to be incorrect. Lebanon on the other hand, was first settled almost entirely by Germans beginning around 1720 so it is not at all surprising that this is where our Diller family eventually settled.

Casper Elias Diller's gravestone
Records show that Casper was among the early members of the Hill Lutheran Church that is located just west of Lebanon. The church was first established in 1733 which pretty much confirms that our Diller family members were early settlers in this area and the fact that Casper Elias Diller is buried in the Hill Church Cemetery located in what is now the Town of Cleona totally confirms where they lived for most of their lives in America. There are some historical records that state that Casper and his family first lived in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania rather than in Lebanon County. While this is a little misleading, it is technically correct since at the time of their arrival in 1733, Lebanon County did not exist and the land where the family lived at the time was a part of Lancaster County. It was however, separated from part of Lancaster County and made into a new and separate county in the year 1813. Anyway, Casper Elias Diller according to most historical writings became a fairly large and financially successful farmer. There are no records however, that show that he was in any way involved in the political, social, or religious leadership in his area.  Casper and my great grandmother Anna Barbara had around four to maybe six more children born in America following their arrival. Unfortunately Anna Barbara died fairly young although we do not know the exact year of her death. We believe that her death possibly following the death of a daughter born in 1746 as her name does not appear as being present at her daughter's baptism. If true, she would have been around 43 years old when she died, a far to common occurrence back in the early days when women had many, many children and doctors and hospitals did not exist and an early death following a child birth was not that uncommon. Casper is recorded as having a second marriage to a woman named Eva Magdelena Meyer in the year 1766. Casper died in the year 1787 at the age of 91, almost 22 years after his second marriage and later than the death of many of his children including his son Philip Adam Diller, my 6th great grandfather, who died in the year 1777, ten years before his father.

Add caption
Philip Adam Diller was around ten years old when he arrived in America and the voyage, and the ruralness, and the lack of a home for the first several years following their arrival must have been quite confusing for such a young boy. In the year 1745 when Philip was around 22 years old he married my 6th great grandmother, Maria Magdalena Ellmaker (1727-1807). Maria's parents and my 7th great grandparents, John Leonard Ellmaker (1697-1782) and Anna Margaretta Hornberger (1703-1779) were married in Germany on the 6th day of May in 1726 and then six days following their marriage they boarded a ship headed for America and Philadelphia. Soon after their arrival, they, like so many other Germans, moved to Lancaster County eventually settling in what would later be called Earl Township located about 2 miles north of New Holland and about 30 miles southeast of Cleona, home of Maria's future husband, Philip Adam Diller. Maria Magdalena Ellmaker was born on 9 August 1727 about a year following her parents arrival in America. Here again, we find it interesting to read where some of the history stories about our Ellmaker family report that their daughter Maria married a "close neighbor" by the name of Philip Adam Diller, again suggesting that our Diller family at the time might have been living in the nearby town of New Holland or perhaps even in Earltown. We do not believe that this is accurate and considering the rather scarce population at the time and the many large landholders including both the Diller and the Ellmaker families, finding a wife that lives 30 miles away would not be that unusual even in the year 1745.

Gravestone of Phillip Adam Diller
It does appear on the other hand, that following their marriage, Philip and Maria remained in the New Holland area for the remainder of their lives. They had at least eight children during their marriage including my 5th great grandmother and their fifth child, Margaretta Diller (1755-?) who was born in the year 1755. The area where Philip and Maria lived was originally founded back around 1728 when the first settlers arrived and at the time the land was largely covered by a forest of ash, oak, walnut, and chestnut trees. We have to believe that when Philip first acquired his land that a lot of work would have been necessary to create the large farm that he eventually owned that allowed him to become a fairly prosperous individual. Undoubtedly his sons and maybe even his daughters helped on the farm. Unfortunately we do not know a lot about his life other than that he was a farmer, a member of the Trinity Lutheran Church in New Holland, and shortly before his death in 1777 he served in the Lancaster County militia along with two of his sons during the American Revolution. It would seem unlikely however, that at his age he actually was engaged in any battles against the British especially considering their rather remote location in Pennsylvania. Philip Adam Diller died in September 1777 at the fairly young age of only 54 years old and he is buried in the cemetery by the Trinity Lutheran Church in New Holland. My 6th great grandmother, Maria Magdalena Ellmaker, outlived her husband by around 30 years. Unfortunately we know nothing about her life following Philip's death although she most likely lived with one of her children up to the time of her death.

Their daughter Margaretta Diller was around 18 years old when she married Frederick Baker. Unfortunately the history of our Baker, or perhaps more accurately our Becker ancestry, is not well known. Frederick's father was a man also named Frederick Becker (abt. 1721-abt 1755) who was from Germany and who is reported to have arrived in Philadelphia on board the ship "Loyal Judith" in November of 1740. The ship records reported that he was 19 years old at the time and traveled with a number of other men named Becker including a man named Peter Becker, age 22, who was most likely his brother or as some family historians report, his step-brother. Unfortunately the women and children onboard the "Loyal Judith" are not named although based on the number of children listed in his will that was written only 15 years later, it would seem likely that he was traveling with his wife and perhaps two or three children. All that we know about Frederick Becker's wife is that her name was Christina and she was likely my 6th great grandmother. We know that Frederick and Christina Becker left Philadelphia and eventually settled in what is today named Exeter Township in Berks County, Pennsylvania located about 24 miles north of New Holland in Lancaster County.

One of the things that we probably should have mentioned earlier is that much of the land originally settled by the Germans in Pennsylvania including the land of our Diller and Baker/Becker ancestors, was originally owned by William Penn. William Penn was granted land in the area in the year 1681 by the English King Charles II in exchange for money that had been loaned to the king by William Penn's father. At the time no one in all of America owned as much land as did William Penn and it is no wonder that they named the State of Pennsylvania after him. It is believed that he originally owned as much as 40,000 acres. Anyway, William Penn soon began encouraging settlement on his land and it is believed that he even encouraged as many as 30,000 or more Germans to immigrate to America beginning around the year 1683 and continuing until around the mid-1700s.  All of the new immigrants as they arrived in Philadelphia were required to take an oath of allegiance to the British crown and to agree to obey the laws of the province.

We unfortunately know almost nothing about the life of my 6th great grandfather, Frederick Becker other than based on his will he was a fairly successful farmer, and that he and his wife Christina had seven children at the time that his will was written in the early 1750s including my 5th great grandfather and their only son, Frederick Baker (Jr) (Abt. 1749-1814) who was granted his father's land and most of his possessions obviously to be granted to him when he reached his adulthood. Frederick's mother also unfortunately died only a few years later than his father and records show that Frederick Jr. was then placed under the guardianship of a man named Peter Baker, who we learned earlier was likely his father's older brother. One really fascinating thing that we learned about our great uncle Peter Baker is that he married a girl named Leah Ferree who was the granddaughter of my 8th great grandparents, Daniel Ferree and Marie Warenbuer Ferree (see Chapter 6) both of whom came to America in 1708. While Leah Ferree is obviously not one of my great grandmothers, her marriage to Frederick Baker's brother Peter shows what a small world it was back during this time period.

When young Frederick Baker who had just lost his father and mother, was sent to live with his Uncle Peter Baker, he was one of the youngest within his new family and his closest new "brother" or really his closest cousin with respect to age, was a boy named Peter Baker who was around seven or eight years older than Frederick.  Whether or not they were close friends we can not determine, but quite interesting was the fact that they married sisters: Peter's wife was Christina Diller and Frederick Baker married her younger sister, Margaretta Diller, my fifth great grandmother, around the year 1773. It would appear that Frederick Baker must have inherited money from his father for soon after his marriage to my grandmother, he purchased around 225 acres (one source says 300 acres) of land in Pequea in Salisbury Township, Lancaster County located about seven miles south of New Holland and around two miles north of the Village of Gap. His land was apparently along the banks of the Pequea Creek for it is reported that in order to water the land on his large farm he damned the Pequea Creek at a considerable expense. In the book "The Diller Family" it is written that our Frederick Baker "had some capital, was intelligent and energetic, and quite a scientific farmer." The book further reports that he was an early and active member of the Saint John's Church in the nearby village of Compass and that he died in Philadelphia in 1814 after undergoing a painful and dangerous surgery. It is also noted that he is buried in the Christ Church Graveyard in Philadelphia following his failed surgery. We could not verify his burial location but it was interesting to learn that also buried in the Christ Church Graveyard is Benjamin Franklin who died in the year 1790. Incidentally, there was a least one other family historian who wrote that Frederick Baker was buried in the Christ Church Cemetery in Compass in Lancaster County and not in Philadelphia, so who knows where he was actually buried. One other historical story about the life of Frederick Baker notes that he was a soldier during the American Revolution. While this claim would seem highly likely considering his fairly young age at the time of the war, there are no records that we could uncover that list his name or for that matter show that any militia troops in the rather remote Lancaster County were engaged in any major battles outside of their area. What we did find interesting however, while searching for any military records, was that when the British troops occupied Philadelphia in the early part of the Revolutionary War, the village of Lancaster was declared the "capital" of the country for a short period apparently because it was the largest inland town in America at the time. The population of Lancaster was around 4,200 residents and was located less than twenty miles from the home of our great Baker grandparents.

Diller Baker Ferree gravestone
Frederick and Margaret Diller Baker had at least six children during their marriage including their second child and my 4th great grandmother, Mary Baker (1775-1858) who was born around the beginning of the Revolutionary War on 12 May 1775. Considering that at least four of Frederick's and Margaret's children were born during the war would lead us to conclude that our Frederick Baker did not spend a lot of time away from his home and family defending his county against the British army. As previously mentioned, Frederick died at the fairly young age of 63 years old. When my grandmother Margaretta Diller Baker died we do not know, but hopefully they both attended the marriage of their daughter Mary and her new husband, David Ferree (1772-1832) which took place on 21 August 1784. We are going to end our story of our Baker and Diller ancestors at this point although it is worth stating that the first child of Mary Baker and David Ferree who was also my 3rd great grandfather was a boy named Diller Baker Ferree (1796-1865) who was obviously named in honor of both of his great grandparents. A really nice way to honor his grandparents.

From our Diller/Baker ancestors to the present time our ancestral tree is as follows:

4th Great Grandparents:  David Ferree  m  Mary Baker
                                      (1772-1832)         (1775-1858)
3rd Great Grandparents:  Diller Baker Ferree  m  Elizabeth Dewees
                                      (1796-1865)                   (1799-1844)
2nd Great Grandparents: David D. Ferree  m  Mary R. Hutchinson
                                      (1826-1869)               (1825-1901)
Great Grandparents:       Eugene H. Ferree  m  Marian E. Coapman
                                     (1866-1952)                 (1867-1895)
Grandparents:                Douglas Patterson  m  Florence Ferree
                                     (1888-1979)                 (1891-1938)
Parents:                        Charles A. Baker  m  Marian C. Patterson
                                     (1916-2000)                (1916-1973)
Living Generation:          Charles A. Baker Jr
                                    Anne Rappleye Baker
                                    Joan Patterson Baker

And so ends another story. . . .


Friday, August 24, 2018

Chapter 64 - Our Buell Ancestry.com

Movement of Buell Family in Connecticut
We were really quite surprised when we began our research on our Buell family ancestry to discover that there was an extensive book about this family that was written by Marian Buell Dye and titled "The Forebearer's and Descendants of George Buell". Her book was published in 1968. What really fascinated us, at least at first, was that Ms. Dye had traced her Buell ancestry all of the way back to a man named Robert de Bauvill who was born in England sometime before the year 1154 and died on or after 1189. Even more exciting was that this man was believed to have been descended from a Robert Beauville who came over to England with William the Conqueror in 1066. In her book she traces her Buell ancestry down to and past a man named William Buell (abt 1605-1681) who is both my 9th great grandfather as well as the first of our Buell ancestors to emigrate to America. He is also, at least according to Ms Dye, the 17th great grandson of Robert de Bauvill. What a family tree, although . . . . to bad as we soon discovered, that it is probably not accurate or at least there is no clear evidence that it is.  In any case, our first known "for sure" Buell ancestor is our William Buell and we will begin by exploring what is known about his and his family's life in America.

Founders Monument in Windsor, Connecticut
While it is not known for certain when and on what ship William Buell sailed on his voyage to America, some sources suggest he may have been aboard the Mary and John which arrived in what is now Dorchester, Massachusetts on March 20, 1630. While William's name appears on a listing of "Possible" passengers onboard Mary and John as opposed to a listing of the "Certain" or "Probable" passengers, what we find very interesting is that around twelve of the Certain and Probable passengers were my great grandparents. Combine this observation with the fact that all of these great grandparents are listed as being amoung the earliest settlers of Windsor, Connecticut, as was my 9th great grandfather, William Buell, this makes us believe that he too was likely onboard the Mary and John in 1630. Whether a fact or not, William Buell's name appears on the Founders Monument in Windsor that was built in 1930 and lists the names of 125 of Windsor's earliest settlers. Windsor as it turns out, is the first community settled in the future State of Connecticut with immigrants arriving in the year 1633, followed by the settlement of Wethersfield in 1634, and Hartford around the year 1635. Like the other early settlers of Windsor and so many of our other early ancestors in America, our William Buell was a Puritan who had left England to escape religious persecution.

Life was not easy for these early settlers of Connecticut for in the year 1636 they were forced to organize groups of soldiers to defend themselves against the Pequot Indian warriors who were attacking these new white settlers in numerous raids against their communities. Apparently the leaders of Windsor gathered together a group of around thirty soldiers to help battle the Pequots and it is believed that William Buell was one of these soldiers. While his name does not appear in any listing of the soldiers and the list is incomplete in any case, following the war around 1638, William Buell was one of the recipients of free land grants from his town most likely because of his service in the Pequot War. As a young single man at the time, his involvement in the war makes a lot of sense.

Book listing Woodworker William Buell
In November of 1640 William Buell married in Windsor a young girl by the name of Mary, my 9th great grandmother. Her maiden name is often listed as Mary Post although considering that nowhere could we find any of the early settlers in Windsor with a surname of Post, we have to wonder as to the accuracy of her surname. On the other hand, one of the early settlers in nearby Hartford, Connecticut was a man by the name of Stephen Post who some of the family trees on Ancestry.com claim was a brother of our Mary. Whether this is an accurate fact or not is unknown. There are also other stories that claim that Mary and her parents were accidently placed on two separate ships in England, with Mary on the ship "Mary and John" and her parents placed on a different ship. Unfortunately the second ship is said to have been destroyed and then sunk due to a major storm and her parents were drowned. Who knows if this is accurate and frankly it seems unlikely. In any case, William and Mary are known following their marriage ten years later, to have had at least seven children including my 8th great grandfather and their oldest child, Samuel Buell (1641-1720) who was born on 2 September 1641. As far as we could determine our great grandfather William Buell was not a major leader in Windsor although his role as a carpenter, or a "Woodworker", made him a valuable person as he helped build a lot of the much needed furniture for all of his neighbors for many years. William died in November of 1681 and Mary died three years later in September 1684. Based on both of their wills, they were fairly well off especially considering that William was able to leave both land, and "My Tools" to his two sons and of course other items including money to his daughters and land and money to his wife.

Their son, Samuel Buell, married my 8th great grandmother, Deborah Griswold (1646-1719) in November of 1662. Deborah's father and my 9th great grandfather, Edward Griswold (1607-1691) was also an early founder of Windsor as well as being a very prominent citizen including being the First Deputy to the General Court, a Justice of the Peace, and the First Deacon of the first church in Windsor and noted as a powerful preacher of the Puritan faith. Deborah is believed to have been the youngest daughter of her parents who had somewhere around fourteen children following their marriage around 1630. Samuel Buell undoubtedly had great respect for his father-in-law for less than a year following his marriage to his father-in-law's daughter, he joined Edward Griswold and around 28 other families when they departed Windsor in 1663 and moved southward around 50 miles to what many years later would be known as Clinton, Connecticut (or earlier known as Kenilworth and then Killingworth) located only a few miles north of the Long Island Sound. The land had only a few years earlier been purchased from the local Indians.

Buell Tool Museum, Clinton, Connecticut
Despite the fairly young age of Samuel Buell when he moved southward, he is still credited with being one of the original founders of "Killingworth" (Killingworth later was divided into two separate communities and where our Buell family lived is now known as Clinton). He also as he aged became a very prominent and wealthy individual.  He was both a member of the General Court and a Justice of the Peace as well as other public offices for many years during the late 1600s and early 1700s. He is also recorded as being an "extensive land owner" and like his father he was in the lumber and tool business, a business that he obviously passed along to his descendants for we discovered, today in Clinton, Connecticut there exists a museum containing a lot of old tools known as the Buell Tool Museum.

We also noticed in several different documents online that Samuel Buell was listed as having military service. We could not find any details regarding his possible service although local communities having local part time soldiers was very common during this period of history and our great grandfather was undoubtedly one of their local military officers. It is also very possible that Samuel Buell was one of the many Connecticut soldiers who fought in the King Philip's War which took place between the years 1675 and 1678. The King Philip's War was one of the largest of the many Indian Wars that took place following the arrival of the white men in America and in this case during the war as many as 3,000 Indians were killed and around a 1,000 white men. Furthermore more than half of the New England villages were attacked during the two plus years of fighting. Unfortunately for the Indians whose total population in New England only numbered around 10,000 at the time (many Indians had previously died as a result of diseases brought to America by the white men) as compared to a population of almost 80,000 whites, they had no hope of victory and the war pretty much ended with the death of their Indian leader, a man known as Metacomet who was also known as King Philip. At least 1,000 men from Connecticut are believed to have engaged in battles and it is very, very likely that our great grandfather, Samuel Buell, was one of these men and one of their military leaders.

My great grandparents Samuel and Deborah Griswold Buell also raised a large family during their long lives in Clinton as they had around twelve children, eight boys and four girls including their sixth child and my 7th great grandfather, William Buell (1676-1763) who was born on 18 October 1676. [Not surprisingly their next child, a son named David, was not born until 1679 as Samuel may very well have been away from home for awhile battling against Indians.]  My great grandmother Deborah died three years before Samuel in the year 1717. She was around 71 years old. Samuel died on the 11th day of July in the year 1720 at the age of 78. Despite his old age, only two months before his death he had again been reelected by the General Court as a Justice of the Peace, clearly showing that he was, despite his older age, a highly respected individual in his community. One other interesting occurrence that took place in Clinton during Samuel's lifetime is worth mentioning. We would have to believe that our great grandfather Samuel Buell as a public leader was a friend of the Rev. Abraham Pierson who both lived in Clinton having moved there in 1694, and was the head of their local Congregational Church. In 1701, the Rev. Pierson along with others helped organize a small school at his home in Clinton where he then functioned as its teacher with the intent of training future Congregational leaders. The school was later to be known as the Collegiate School. Unfortunately the Reverend died in 1707 but his school by then was so well respected that they moved it first to nearby Old Saybrook and then to New Haven located about 25 miles west of Clinton. In 1718 they renamed the school the Yale College and of course years later in 1887, it was to be known as Yale University. We now have to wonder if some of the sons of our Samuel Buell might have studied in the future Yale University under their father's friend the Rev. Abraham Pierson.

To be honest, we are still a little confused about the life of my 7th great grandfather, William Buell, despite having spent more than a few hours trying to learn about his life. Based on his father's will and being his parents' sixth child, we can understand why he did not inherit much in the way of money and land following his parents' deaths. Perhaps for this reason he moved away from his home in Clinton sometime in the late 1690s. He may very well have traveled with his older brother John Buell, who is known to have moved around the same time to Hartford, Connecticut. In 1695, my great uncle John Buell married a young girl in nearby Windsor named Mary Loomis. Mary Loomis as it turns out, was the granddaughter of my 10th great grandfather Joseph Loomis (1590-1658) who was an early settler of Windsor and whose ancestral story is told in Chapter 55 in this blog. Mary Loomis' father, John Loomis, is believed by some family historians to have been one of the earliest settlers of Lebanon, Connecticut and if so, it makes sense that his daughter and her new husband John Buell might very well have followed her father and mother to this only recently settled community. Our great grandfather William Buell is believed to have married Elizabeth Collier (1675-1729), my 7th great grandmother, sometime around 1705 in Hartford and since they are also known to have moved to the new community of Lebanon, it make a lot of sense that William and his new wife may very well have traveled to Lebanon with or shortly following his older brother John and his new wife.

Gravestone of William Buell
While we do not know much about the life of William Buell in Lebanon we did find one historian noting that written on William's gravestone are the words "One of the Fathers of the Town" which certainly implies that he was not an unknown man of his time, at least in Lebanon. While we have no reason to doubt what is on his gravestone, the photograph of his gravestone shown to the right, leaves us wondering how anything can be read on this over 250 year old gravestone. Anyway, William and Elizabeth Collier Buell were to have seven children including my 6th great grandfather and their second child, Samuel Buell (1708-1759), before Elizabeth's rather early death in 1729 at the age of only 54 years old. At the time of her death her youngest child had already passed away but her other children ranged in age between 9 years old and 23 years old. Not surprisingly considering their many young children, William remarried in the year following my great grandmother's death, but his second wife also died in 1751. Again not surprisingly in this time period where living alone was very uncommon, William again remarried for a third time within months of the death of his second wife. Unfortunately for our William, his third wife also died within a year of their marriage and William was again left alone. Most likely no more woman were interested in marrying him at this point as he was now in his mid-70s. He did survive however, for twelve more years probably living with one of his children and then finally dying on 7 April 1763 at the age of 86 years old. At the time of his death only four of his seven children were still alive.  His son and my 6th great grandfather, Samuel Buell, died almost four years before his dad.

My 6th great grandfather, Samuel Buell (1708-1759), married Ann Wright (1709-1748), my 6th great grandmother, in Lebanon in the year 1727.  Ann's parents and my 7th great grandparents, Abel Wright (1664-1745) and Rebecca Terry (1673-1745) had moved to Lebanon in the year 1700 and it is highly likely considering the small size of Lebanon that their daughter Ann had known her future husband Samuel from the time that they were young children. Ann was only 18 years old when she married 19 year old Samuel Buell. They are believed to have had six children at their home in Hebron, Connecticut, located about ten miles west of Lebanon, before they made the unusual decision around the year 1739 or 1740 to move to the new community of Kent (in present day Litchfield County), located at the western end of Connecticut and about 75 miles west of Hebron. Kent had been founded only a few years earlier and considering that at the time they moved Samuel and Ann had at least four young children alive at the time. This fact alone would seem to make their move highly unusual. Another thing that is unusual or perhaps confusing is that in a book titled The History of Kent published in 1897, they failed to mention our Buell family ancestors among the early settlers. On the other hand, they did mention a man named Abel Wright who arrived in 1638 and who was likely Ann Wright's brother and my 6th great uncle. He was about fourteen years older than his sister Ann and might very well have convinced her and her husband to make the move to this new community where land was inexpensive and perfect for farming. Despite this error in this old history book, it is very clear that Samuel and Ann had moved and had three more children who were born in Kent including my 5th great grandfather, Ephraim Buell (1741-1821) who was born on 21 August 1741.

Not surprisingly we know very few details about the life of our Samuel Buell in part we suppose because he lived in a small rural town where the primary occupation was that of a farmer and also because this small town did not maintain a lot of records of their early residents, at least records that have survived to the present day. While the town was noted at one time in the past to be "a thriving iron ore producer" it is doubtful that Samuel had anything to do with this business at least from a leadership position. He was we believe, a small farmer who grew crops and perhaps raised sheep and cattle. The land was hilly and rocky such that work as a farmer was probably not easy. Unfortunately we know that my great grandmother Ann Wright Buell died in 1748 at the fairly young age of only 39 years old. She had given birth to ten child over a 19 year period and combining that with being a mother was not easy work. Her youngest child had died at only 7 months old, only four months before Ann saw the end of her own life. Their two deaths were no doubt related. Samuel Buell married a woman named Mary Judd less than a year following my great grandmother's death, but she too died in 1754 after giving birth to two children. Perhaps it was just Samuel's personality or just his good looks, but he married for a third time shortly following Mary Judd's death, but his time Samuel Buell takes responsible for ending his 3rd marriage by his own death on the 4th of May in 1759. He was only 50 years old at the time. His five living children at the time of his death were ages 15 to 23 and my 5th great grandfather Ephraim Buell was just 18 years old.

Their son, Ephraim Buell, married my 5th great grandmother, Priscilla Holmes (1744-1820) on the 22nd day of February in the year 1764. Priscilla was the daughter of Israel Holmes (1713-1807) and Priscilla Cushman (1719-1763), both my 6th great grandparents, and she was born in Plympton, Massachusetts near Boston. Priscilla Holmes' mother died less than a year before her daughter married and at the time their family had moved from Plympton and were now living in the village of Warren in Litchfield County located around 8 miles or so west of the village of Kent where the Buell family lived. We found it quite interesting to learn that Israel Holmes was a great grandson of Edward Doty who was a Mayflower passenger and whose family history is told in Chapter 42 of this blog. Also Priscilla Cushman's ancestry is told in Chapter 43 of this blog, and she too is a descendant of another Plymouth passenger, Isaac Allerton. We have to wonder if Priscilla was aware of her descendance of these later to be very famous Mayflower passengers.

Map showing locations of Fort Ticonderoga,
Fort Edward, and Village of Castleton
Apparently Ephraim and Priscilla Holmes Buell moved away from their home in Litchfield County, Connecticut shortly following their marriage for all of their nine children are believed to have been born in Fort Edward, now in Washington County, New York. Fort Edward is located on the Hudson River around 130 miles north of Litchfield County and it had originated back in 1755 when a fort was built there during the French and Indian War fought between 1754 and 1763. Ephraim having moved his family there makes us wonder if perhaps he had been to this area in the past. According to one of the records that we found, in 1761 there was a soldier who fought in the French and Indian War whose name was Ephraim Buell. He was a soldier with the 4th Company in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment under a Col. Nathan Whiting.  Our Ephraim Buell was 17 years old in 1761 and it is very likely that it was he who was this soldier especially considering that his name Ephraim Buell was not that common. Fortunately for Ephraim, the French and Indian War in America had pretty well ended by 1760 so while he may have volunteered and is credited with being a soldier, he did not in fact face a lot of risks.  Incidentally, there are some family historians that report that Ephraim and Priscilla actually moved to Castleton in present day Vermont rather than to Fort Edward. Which location is accurate we could not determine although the fact that the two villages were only 36 miles apart might mean that they had lived at some point in both locations or perhaps somewhere between the two villages.

Present day photo of Fort Ticonderoga
The fact that Ephraim Buell was later to be a Captain in the Vermont militia during the American Revolution would lead us to believe that his home was, at least at some point, in Vermont. Vermont of course, was not technically in existence as a separate "state" prior to the Revolution and the fact that Ephraim might actually have lived in New York "State" would not have precluded him from commanding a militia based in Castleton, Vermont. Furthermore, Ephraim was for a period of the Revolutionary War, a member of Vermont's "Green Mountain Boys" under the command of Brigadier General Ethan Allen. Ethan Allen was a resident of Litchfield, Connecticut prior to the war and he may very well have been acquainted at a younger age with Ephraim and the Buell family. Allen also fought in the French and Indian War and most likely would have known Ephraim during this period.  Castleton as it turns out played an eventful part in the American Revolution in that in May of 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold planned their attack on Fort Ticonderoga in Castleton. Fort Ticonderoga was only 30 miles to the southwest of Castleton or just to the north of Fort Edward. Ephraim Buell is referenced in "Wikipedia" as being part of a committee that considered the "advisability of taking control of Fort Ticonderoga" and no doubt he was part of the forces that attack and took control of Fort Ticonderoga from the British on 10 May 1775. According to the few Revolutionary War payroll records that we reviewed, Ephraim served in the Vermont militia from 1775 until 1781 although not on a full time basis. The role of Ephraim's regiment was listed in one source as "scouting for security of the frontiers". Whether or not Ephraim Buell played a role in Ethan Allen's attempt to take control of Quebec in September of 1775 is not known. His name does appear in military payroll records in three subsequent periods, in June 1777, December 1779, and October 1781 and undoubtedly there were more time periods where the records may have been lost. Also he may not have always been a member of the Green Mountain Boys as it is noted in records that this regiment was disbanded as early as 1776. What is also known is that Ethan Allen along with some of his troops were captured by the British during a failed attempt to take control of Montreal in August of 1775. It would seem unlikely that our Captain Ephraim Buell would have been a part of Allen's troops at this point.

Ephraim and Priscilla's fourth child was a girl named Elizabeth "Betsy" Buell (1774-1825), my 4th great grandmother who was likely born in Fort Edward, New York in 1774. After the end of the Revolutionary War and sometime by the mid-1780s, Ephraim Buell moved his entire family to a new settlement in the Finger Lakes region in the future New York State. His family by that point consisted of his wife and his seven children including his oldest son Salmon who had only recently married. Their new home was near the present day city of Ithaca, New York. It was here at their new home that Ephraim and Priscilla had two more children including their last child, a daughter, who was born in 1787. What we find truly amazing is that sometime in the early 1800s they moved again, this time to the future state of Ohio. Their daughter and my great grandmother, Elizabeth Buell, did not join her parents in their move to Ohio as in June of 1790 in Ithaca, she married my 4th great grandfather, Silas Hutchinson (1758-1836). It might very well be that Elizabeth never again saw her parents as they both died in Crosby, Ohio, her mom Priscilla on 5 January 1820 and her dad, Ephraim, only a year later on 4 January 1821. Why they moved while in their early 60s to what was probably at that point a total wilderness area, is a complete unknown. Apparently these ancestors of ours were just true adventurists of strong stock.

My 4th great grandparents, Elizabeth Buell and Silas Hutchinson had ten children together including my 3rd great grandfather, Mosely Hutchinson (1795-1836) all of whom were born in Ithaca, New York. From my Buell and Hutchinson family down to the present time our ancestral tree is as follows:

              Elizabeth Buell  m  Silas Hutchinson
               (1774-1825)           (1758-1836)
       Mosley Hutchinson   m  Elizabeth Hall  
               (1795-1861)           (1801-1877)
          Mary Hutchinson  m  David Ferree
               (1825-1901)            (1826-1869)
              Eugene Ferree  m  Marian Coapman
               (1866-1952)            (1867-1895)
            Florence Ferree  m  Douglas Patterson
              (1891-1938)            (1888-1979)
          Marian Patterson  m  Charles Baker
             (1916-1973)             (1916-2000_
          Charles Baker Jr
          Anne Baker Fanton
          Joan Baker

And so ends another ancestral story . . . . .