Monday, January 29, 2018

Chapter 57 - My Tuller, Case, Spencer, Moses, and Thrall Ancestors

Tuller Family Tree - Click to enlarge
My initial reason for selecting my Tuller ancestry as the subject of this chapter is because I was fascinated to read about the life of the man I assumed was my 9th great grandfather, a man referred to in many writings as Lieut. Willem Teller (1620-1701). Willem emigrated to America from the Netherlands in 1636 apparently in the service of the Dutch East India Company who basically controlled all of the land in and around New Amsterdam. He was originally sent up to Fort Orange (the future Albany) where he was appointed quartermaster of the fort and where he remained for a little over 50 years raising a large family and gaining great wealth and influence. In 1692, he returned to what was by then the village of New York and then in 1701, he died. We have not spent a lot of time describing Willem Teller's fascinating life since after many hours of research trying to learn about his life and how my 8th great grandfather, John Tuller (1652-1742) was related to his father and mother, we reached the disappointing conclusion considering all the time spent, that John Tuller was not related to Willem Teller. Unfortunately, after reviewing the dozens of Tuller family trees on as well as reading many other websites online such as, all of which show John Fuller's father to be Willem (William) Teller, we quickly realized how easy it is to be misled.  We are afraid that many of us do not do enough research when tying to tie together our family tree lines.  Despite all of the time that we spent on this subject we have concluded that there is just insufficient information available for anyone to determine the ancestry of my 8th great grandfather, John Tuller.

Obviously without knowing the names of the parents of John Tuller it is next to impossible to know the location and the exact date of his birth. What we do know is that he married my 8th great grandmother, Elizabeth Case (1656-1718), in Windsor, Connecticut on 30 April 1684 and that my grandmother was at the time of her marriage around 28 years old. It was not her first marriage as her first husband had died in 1680.  Assuming that John Tuller was a few years older than his wife, it is probably safe to assume that he was born around 1652 (or 32 years old when he married) which is the year often given as his birth year on and other websites. Admittedly however, a guess.  Where John Tuller was born may always be a mystery although we doubt that he was born in the Windsor or Simsbury, Connecticut area where he married and spent much of his life. Frankly, there are pretty good records of the names of the earliest settlers in this area and there is no mention of a Tuller family. What we suspect is that John Tuller immigrated to this area sometime around the period of the King Philip's War, 1675 to 1676, where he eventually met his future wife.  But these are all just guesses so let us step back for a minute and describe what we do know about his wife's family, her grandparents and my 10th great grandparents, William and Agnes Harris Spencer.

King Charles 1
William Spencer (1601-1640) was born around 1601 in Stotfield in Bedfordshire, England the oldest son of the many children of Gerald and Alice Whitbread Spencer.  Very little is known about his father, Gerald Spencer, other than he died sometime around the year 1625 and it is assumed that he was fairly prosperous and left his family in a relatively strong position financially.  The fact that four of his five surviving sons eventually emigrated to America in the early 1630s, which was a fairly costly move, strongly suggests that they were not poor or at least not struggling financially. It is always interesting to learn the reasons that might have motivated so many English people to move away from their homeland so many years ago. While a large portion of the immigrants at least those who moved to New England in the early 1600s, were Puritans whose reasons for leaving England were obviously to seek religious freedoms, there were many others, particularly single young men like the Spencer brothers, who left their homeland simply because they felt they had a better chance for success in America. That is, they were more interested in finding economic freedoms. Unfortunately, life for families in England beginning shortly following the coronation of King Charles 1 in 1625 was very difficult both from a religious standpoint as was well as from an economic standpoint. King Charles' disagreements with the English Parliament on issues like raising taxes to cover the cost of foreign wars and the like, forced him, perhaps foolishly, to dissolve Parliament beginning in 1629. As it turned out many members of the Parliament were Puritans. Furthermore, his insistence on the Devine Right of Kings, his demands for absolute control over government expenditures, his demands that everyone must attend the Church of England against the wishes of the Puritans, his foreign wars against both Spain and later France, and the recurring rise in the cost of land in England and other displeasures, resulted in many English citizens leaving their country for the New World. By some estimates as many as 20,000 people migrated to the New England area from Britain between 1630 and 1640. These families and individuals who left for a better life and opportunities in America were not for the most part poor and uneducated individuals. Quite the opposite. We feel quite certain that William Spencer and his brothers were educated and had some wealth and they were simply fed up with the way that they were being treated in England. In all it is believed that upwards of 80,000 people left England for America and other places during the time period of 1620 to 1640. Fortunately for the English people, in 1645 King Charles 1 was forcibly removed as king following a bitter English civil war and than in January of 1649, he was beheaded, perhaps a well deserved conclusion to his awful reign.

There is a lot of confusion as to when and with whom William Spencer may have traveled to America. There are some writings that report that he traveled with his brothers possibly with the Winthrop Fleet as early as 1630. There are others that state that he traveled with his wife, Agnes, following their recent marriage in England although this possibility seems unlikely since his future wife lived in Barnstable in County Devon, near the west coast of England and not at all close to William's hometown. All that is really known about William's emigration to America is that that on the 4th of March in 1632 he took the freeman's oath in what would later be the town of Cambridge, Massachusetts implying only that he arrived sometime before that date and probably at the latest just prior to the winter of 1631-2. The exact date of the arrival of my 10th great grandmother Agnes Harris is also unknown for certain although we did take comfort reading an article written by Douglas Richardson in 1988 titled "The English Origin of Agnes Harris, of Hartford, Conn." wherein he goes into a lot of detail describing Agnes' parents Bartholomew Harris (1560-1615) and Elizabeth Collamore (1566-1647).  He describes in some detail the life of the Harris family in Barnstable and the political and financial successes of Agnes' father Bartholomew prior to his untimely death in 1615 at the age of 55. Agnes was only around 11 years old when her father died. What is suggested in this biography is that following her father's death in 1615, young Agnes went to live with her possible relatives Matthew and Martha Allyn and that sometime later she traveled with the Allyn family to America as a servant obviously arriving sometime prior to her marriage to William Spencer in 1633. Whether or not her relationship with the Allyn family is accurate, it is interesting that Matthew Allyn is mentioned as "Cosen" (cousin) Matthew Allyn in William's will in 1640 obviously implying a close family relationship. It is known that the Allyn family was also from Agnes' hometown of Barnstable clarifying that it was Agnes and not William who was a possible cousin of Matthew Allyn.

William and Agnes Spencer lived in Cambridge until 1639 at which time they relocated with their family to Hartford, Connecticut. While living in Cambridge, Agnes gave birth to three children including their third child, a daughter named Sarah Spencer (1636-1691), my 9th great grandmother, who was born on 7 March 1636.  During William's time living in Cambridge he made quite a name for himself. William was a Deputy representing Cambridge to the General Court of Massachusetts from 1634 until 1637. He was a member of the committee formed to frame a body of fundamental laws for the Colony of Massachusetts. In March 1636, William was appointed Lieutenant of the Military Company of New Town (Cambridge) and also in March of that year he was a founder of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston. Furthermore, he served as the town clerk at Cambridge from 1632 until 1635 and was elected a town selectman in November of 1635. Obviously my 10th great grandfather was a highly respected man in his community which makes it quite interesting to learn that in 1639 he and his family moved to the recently formed and highly rural settlement in Connecticut later to be named Hartford.

Founders Monument - Hartford
It is not hard to question why William, then in his late 30s, might have wanted to relocate to such a rural community.  The first of the English settlers in the Hartford area arrived only three years earlier than our Spencer family in June of 1636 and they were led by the well known Rev. Thomas Hooker. While the Dutch had built a fort in the area years earlier, much of the land in and around Hartford was still largely occupied by Indians although records show that in 1636, Hooker and the new settlers "purchased" the land in the area from the Indians. It is doubtful that the Indians realized that when they sold their land they were expected to move, since for the most part they did not. One of the reasons that William Spencer may have moved to Hartford was that his younger brother, Thomas Spencer, had moved there in 1637 and he may very well have encouraged William to follow. It is also possible if not probable, that William had grown tired of living in Massachusetts. The Puritans who controlled much of the greater Boston Massachusetts area were over zealous in the manner in which they controlled both the church as well as the government. While William Spencer was undoubtedly a Puritan in a religious sense, he probably was not too happy with the rigid way that the Puritan leaders controlled their local citizens. It is a well known fact that Thomas Hooker was also a prominent Puritan leader but he too was strongly opposed to the manner that the Puritan leaders were controlling everything and that in the end he was a strong advocate of what we now think of today as the "Separation of Church and State". In other words, you do not have to be a member of the church to be eligible to vote or run the government. Both Samuel Spencer as well as his brother Thomas are considered to be among the original founders of Hartford and their names appear along with 161 other founders on a large monument in downtown Hartford.  I was totally amazed to discover that included in this listing of the original Hartford founders were a total of 24 of my great grandfathers on both my mother's and on my father's side of my family.

Following Samuel Spencer's early and unexpected death in 1640, my 10th great grandmother, Agnes Harris Spencer, remarried in December of 1645 a much younger man by the name of William Edwards. Agnes was 41 years old when she married 27 year old William Edwards and somewhat surprisingly considering her age she gave birth to a son in 1647. The exact date of Agnes' eventual death is not known although it is usually given as sometime during or shortly after 1680. Her daughter and my 9th great grandmother Sarah Spencer undoubtedly lived with her mother and her step-father right up until the point that she married John Case, my 9th great grandfather, sometime in early 1656. Unfortunately no records have been found that verify the exact date of their marriage. Sarah was around 21 years old when she married but the age of her new husband is unknown, although numerous sources report his birth year as 1615 which would have made him in his early 40s when they married. Frankly this seems highly unlikely and we have to believe that John Case was likely in his mid to late-20s when they married, although who knows. The best but unlikely story that we found about the origins of my 9th great grandfather, John Case, is that he emigrated to America on the ship "Dorset" in the year 1635 along with his parents and his four brothers. According to some stories, his parents' names were William and Ruth James Case, my 10th great grandparents, both of whom along with their children are believed to have been from Alysham, Norfolk, England. Unfortunately as the story goes, William Case died onboard the ship during the voyage prior to their ultimate landing in New England. He was only around 45 years old at the time of his death. What happened at that point to my great grandmother Ruth James Case, is lost in history. We did however, find a detailed passenger list of those on the "Dorset" in 1635 but the only names in the list that were close to my family's names were a 19 year old boy named William Casse and an 18 year old boy by the name of John Casson. Who knows if this is our John Case and whoever made up this story about his parents and brothers on board the "Dorset" shall have to remain a mystery.

The first actual record of John Case in America was a court record in 1655 in Hartford, Connecticut that mentioned his name. While there are no documents that have been located, it is calculated that he married Sarah Spencer in Hartford in early 1656 and apparently for some unknown reason they may have soon moved to Long Island, New York to an area then known as Maspeth Kill, which as best we can determine was the name of a river in the southwest corner of Long Island (now part of Brooklyn). It is possible of course, that John Case may have been living on Long Island prior his going to Hartford possibly for business or military reasons, but nothing is known about this in any case. What is interesting is that the Maspeth Kill (Creek) area was at the time, largely occupied by Dutch speaking people and was still under the control of the Dutch (until 1664), so it is hard to imagine why John Case may have actually lived there. Could he possibly have been of Dutch descent? Anyway, in August of 1656, John Case wrote a legal document wherein he listed himself as "now inhabiting in Mashpath Kills in new Netherland. . "  The document gave authority to his new stepfather-in-law and his attorney, William Edwards, Sarah's stepfather, to go after the collection of the money willed to Sarah by her late father, Samuel Spencer, when he died in 1640. Apparently Sarah now married was also old enough to finally receive the remainder of her father's inheritance. The other verification that Sarah and her new husband John Case were for at least a short period living on Long Island, was that their first child, a daughter named Elizabeth Case (1656-1718), my 8th great grandmother, was baptized on 26 November 1656 at the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam. If this is indeed an accurate record of the baptized of Elizabeth Case, it is truly amazing considering that John Case is assumed to be Puritan or some variation there of, and having a child baptized in a Dutch Reformed Church makes little to no sense certainly during this period of history. Anyway, who knows what is truly accurate. In any case, Elizabeth Case was my 8th great grandmother.

Founders Monument - Windsor
We know that John and Sarah Spencer Case returned to Connecticut some time before June of 1660 for their second child, Mary Case, was baptized in Windsor on 22 June 1660. Windsor, Connecticut is an important city in Connecticut not only because it was the first village settled by the English in Connecticut but also and most importantly, because a number of my great grandfathers are listed as among its earliest inhabitants. In September of 1633 a small group led by a man named William Holmes arrived at the site of the future village of Windsor and there they set up a trading post. They were followed a few years later in 1635 by another group of 30 settlers and the growth of the village was soon underway. In a listing of the original settlers of Windsor as of 1640 eighteen of them are my direct ancestors including Henry Wolcott (Chapter 16 of this blog) and Joseph Loomis (Chapter 55 in this blog). John and Sarah Case probably returned to Connecticut and settled in Windsor located about eight or nine miles north of Sarah's mother's and step-father's home in Hartford sometime around 1658 or 1659.

Map showing Hartford, Windsor, and Simsbury
John and Sarah Case lived in the Windsor area for about nine years during which time Sarah gave birth to four more children. During this time period John established himself as a farmer and some say as a shoemaker and harness maker. Why exactly in 1667 he was with twenty others who were granted land in an area later to be named Simsbury, is hard to imagine, especially considering that the land was up to that point occupied primarily by Indians.  The land however, was gradually being deeded over by the Indians to the Englishmen. While Simsbury was only around 10 miles west of Windsor, to move there meant that John would have had to leave his already established home and farm and start all over again in a new wilderness area. Nevertheless in the spring of 1669 they moved west and built a new but probably a largely primitive home undoubtedly constructed of logs covered with a thatch or bark roof and with dirt floors and no windows. John Case as it turns out must have been considered as one of the leaders of the movement for he was in October of 1669 appointed their first constable and for the next few years he was to be one of the representatives from his community who was sent to the new Connecticut General Court. It is also reported that he owned 17 parcels of land , a corn mill and a saw mill and obviously he was considered a man of wealth at least within his small community.

Burning of Simsbury in 1676
Unfortunately this small community of Simsbury was to become a victim in the King Philip's War. Without going into a lot of details, beginning in 1675 a revolt began which was led by an Indian chief by the name of Metacomb ("King Philip"). Metacomb and his tribe were fed up with the way that the English colonists were gradually taking away their land, forcing them to accept one-sided peace agreements, and demanding that they surrender their guns. Raids by the Metacomb forces against the rural communities within New England expanded rapidly including unfortunately with a raid against Simsbury in March of 1676. The residents of Simsbury were quickly forced to abandon their homes which soon resulted in the complete destruction by the Indians of everything within the community including the entire farm of my Case great grandparents. Everything was burned to the ground. In total it is estimated that at least forty dwelling houses were destroyed along with a large number of barns and other public buildings. It is unclear as to exactly where John and Sarah and their children moved at this point although most likely they stayed at Sarah's mother's home in Hartford or possible at a friend's home in Windsor. It is said by historians that during all of the Indian Wars before and after the King Philip's War, no English settlements had suffered such a total and complete destruction as that which took place in Simsbury.

Gravestone of Sarah Spencer Case (1636-1691)
Not unexpectedly however, after no more than a year or so following the burnings, the settlers began returning to Simsbury to rebuild their homes and businesses and get on with their lives. John Case and his family returned as well, although based on his name being infrequently mentioned in the Simsbury public records, we suspect his life was focused primarily on rebuilding his home, his barn and other needed structures on his land, managing his farm, and raising his family.  Sarah unfortunately died in November 1691 at the fairly young age of only 55 years old. By the time of her death she had given birth to ten children. Her youngest child, a daughter, was only 9 years old when her mother died. This number of births is enough to wear out any mother, now and especially back then in the 1600s. John Case, not surprisingly, remarried shortly after Sarah's death. His new bride was also a widow, having lost her husband, Nathaniel Loomis, only a few years earlier. What came to me as quite a surprise was to discover that John's new wife, Elizabeth Moore Loomis, and her first husband Nathaniel, were both my 9th great grandparents on my mother's side of my family tree as opposed to John Case and Sarah being my 9th great grandparents on my father's side of my family tree. Wow. Small world, at least back in the late 1600s and earlier. Incidentally my Loomis ancestry is described in Chapter 55 of this blog. One of the reasons perhaps, that John Case following his second marriage was not deeply involved in his community affairs was the enormous size of his new family. John and Sarah had a total of ten children, six of whom were still single and living at home when their father remarried. Elizabeth and her first husband Nathaniel had a total of twelve children, six of whom were still single and probably living with their mother when she remarried. This would mean that John and Elizabeth were taking care of a total of twelve children when they married, a task that would be considered inconceivable today.

Simsbury Cemetery
Final Resting Place for many members of Case Family
Unfortunately for John Case and his second wife, John died in 1704 only a little over a decade or so following his second marriage. Perhaps he knew in advance that he was soon facing death for he first prepared his Last Will and Testament in November of 1700 and then revised it only a matter of days before his death in November of 1704. His will reflects that he was fairly wealthy and a major landowner and he distributed his holdings fairly evenly to all ten of his children. Elizabeth died at the age of 89 years old in July of 1728. The burial location of my great grandfather is not known for certain but it is assumed that he is buried alongside his first wife Sarah in the Simsbury Cemetery.

John and Sarah Case's first daughter and my 8th great grandmother was named Elizabeth Case (1656-1718) and she was only 17 years old when she married her first husband Joseph Lewis in Simsbury on 30 April 1674. We know little to nothing about the background of Joseph Lewis. Together however, they had three children before Joseph's untimely early death in 1680. He was at the time of his death only in his early 30s but diseases were very common during this period of history and doctors and medicines were mostly non-existent. For someone to die an early death was not that uncommon. Elizabeth married my 8th great grandfather, John Tuller (1652-1742), in 1684. She was now 28 years old. As we stated at the beginning of this story, we know nothing about the family origins of our great grandfather John Tuller. We believe that he may have arrived in the general area of Hartford just before or during the King Philip's War that took place between 1675 and 1678, but this is just a guess. In any case, Elizabeth and John had six children together including their fourth child and third son and my 7th great grandfather, Jacob Tuller (1694-1746), who was born in May of 1694.

By the year 1700, Simsbury and the other villages in and near Hartford had grown considerably. The effects of the Indian attack and the burning of Simsbury in 1676 were long over and the population had grown considerable to almost 350 people including all men, women and children (but excluding Indians). Incidentally in the year 1700, Connecticut was considered to be the fourth largest "state" with a total population of around 26,000. Surprisingly, the largest "state" at the time was Virginia with an estimated population of 58,600 people followed by Massachusetts with 55,900 and Maryland with 29,600.  The area consisted mostly of farmlands although in 1705 copper was discovered in Simsbury and copper mining soon became a big business. It is reported that the first copper coinage in America was initiated in Simsbury in 1737. In 1728, the first steel mill in America is said to have begun in Simsbury.  But with that said, as best we can determine John Tuller was primarily a farmer and not a particularly wealthy man. In his final will and testament written prior to his death in 1742, while he left some money and land to his children, he had some debts to pay which required the sale of some of the land that he had left to his sons. What we found interesting while reviewing some of the court records of John Tuller's Will was that Jacob Tuller, my 7th great grandfather, was the Administrator of his father's will despite being his parents' youngest son. Incidentally, John's wife, Elizabeth Case Tuller, had died a number of years earlier than her husband, in 1718, and my great grandfather, married for a second time a year later after his wife's death, to a woman named Hannah Slowman of whom little is known.

Cousin Don Wayne Tuller
One fascinating thing that we learned while exploring the life of my 8th great grandfather, John Tuller, is that a number of my great grandfather's descendants still live in the Simsbury area. The photograph to the left was taken recently of a man named Don Wayne Tuller who with his cousin Buzz Tuller, are co-owners of a 265 acre farm in Simsbury known as Tulmeadow Farm. This farmland apparently has been in his family for around 250 years and undoubtedly was originally purchased by one of Jacob Tuller's grandsons. Tulmeadow Farm raises and sells fruits, vegetables, milk, and all kinds of other related items that are produced on their farm and sold at their large family store. Obviously Don and Buzz Tuller are my distant cousins and I feel almost certain that Don probably resembles very closely our common great grandfather, John Tuller. Just kidding, I think.

My 7th great grandfather, Jacob Tuller, married my 7th great grandmother, Mary Moses (1702-1748), in Simsbury on 27 January 1721. Since Mary was only 18 years old when she married 26-year old Jacob, per tradition at least in the 18th century and earlier, Jacob would have had to seek permission from Mary's parents prior to their being allowed to marry. Fortunately for both of them their parents were good friends and both had lived in Simsbury for a number of years. Furthermore, Mary's older brother, John Moses, had married Jacob's older sister, Sarah Tuller, a number of years earlier confirming again that their families were close. Mary Moses' grandfather and my 9th great grandfather, John Moses (Jr) (1626-1683) had in fact moved to Connecticut on or before 1647 originally settling in Windsor and eventually moving to Simsbury.

Early Colonial ship building
His father and my 10th great grandfather, John Moses (Sr.) (1604-1696), was the first of my Moses' ancestors to arrive in America landing sometime in the early 1630s and apparently they first lived in Plymouth before eventually moving to nearby Duxbury located on the Atlantic coast about 10 miles north of Plymouth. We were surprised to learn that John Moses Sr. was neither a Pilgrim nor a Puritan. He apparently had emigrated to America not for religious reasons but as a "shipwright" or a shipbuilder figuring that this business would be in high demand in the New World. Clearly the maintenance of ships was a high priority following their long voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. What is known about his business life is only that he was classified as a blacksmith and that eventually in Duxbury he owned a cider mill, a sawmill, and a gristmill and that he was financially quite successful. Nothing is really known about John Moses' wife, Mary, nor any of their children except for their son John, and even then some historians question whether the John Moses (Jr), my 9th great grandfather, who later moved to Windsor, was their son. Their ages and their common names however, strongly suggest that they were father and son.

Forge and Iron Mill (Recreated)
At least one family historian speculated that John Moses (Jr) was sent to the Windsor, Connecticut area by his father possibly to engage in the iron mining and forging business as iron certainly was a needed commodity in his father's blacksmith as well as in the ship repair business. While the mining and production of iron was already taking place in Massachusetts at this time, iron mining in Connecticut did not begin until the 1660s down in the New Haven area but then not in the Windsor area until the early 1700s. Obviously this was not his motive for moving. On the other hand, there is a book that was published back in 1890 and written by Zebina Moses that suggests that John Moses (Jr) was actually sent to the Windsor area by his father to obtain supplies of "pitch and tar" that were recently being mined in the Simsbury area. The pitch and tar was a product in high demand in the Boston area and used for caulking the sea-going vessels. Again we do not know for certain whether or not this was John's motive for moving and furthermore, if he actually relocated on or about 1647, he would have been only 21 years old.  Most likely his move was mostly motivated by his desire to just get away from Massachusetts and his belief that far greater opportunities existed in the recently settled areas around Hartford and Windsor. This was for most new settlers a very common reason for moving westward.

John Moses' name occurs several times in the public records of Windsor including his purchase of a house in 1649 which is kind of unusual for the strict Puritan laws of the time forbid a single man from living alone in his own home. What is also unusual is that at the relatively young age of only 23 he would have had the money or even the desire to spend what he might have earned to purchase land and a house. Four years later however, the old Windsor Church records of 18 May 1653 record the wedding of John Moses to a Mary Brown. The origins of my 9th great grandmother Mary Brown have been a great mystery to many of the family historians over the years and for good reason.  In 1653, the population of Windsor and the other nearby communities was still relatively small yet in none of the local public records has anyone been uncovered who might be the father or mother of Mary. There has been a lot of wild speculation that Mary Brown may have been a daughter of one of the original Mayflower passengers, a man by the name of Peter Brown, although (unfortunately for me) this relationship has been disproven. It would have been wonderful to have added another of my ancestors on my list of those who arrived in America on the Mayflower.

John and Mary Brown Moses must have had a fairly good life at least based on the number of children that they had and John's apparent wealth and the amount of land that he owned at the time of his death.  Together they had around eleven children, seven of whom John mentioned in his will, plus two boys who died early of wounds received in battle, and two other possible sons of which little is known. Their oldest son, John Moses 3 (1626-1683), my 8th great grandfather, was only 29 years old when his father died in 1683. Unfortunately for John and his wife and family, Windsor and the surrounding area was during much of his lifetime, not always a safe place to live as the local Indians greatly outnumbered the white settlers. It is historically a fact, that the new white settlers were slowly "stealing" the land from the local Indians although in many cases, the theft consisted of a land "sale" in which the Indians were paid a small amount of goods to give up their land. Often the Indians had no idea that by accepting whatever they were offered, they had in fact sold their land. Naturally what often followed this misunderstanding, was a war.

In March of 1658, John Moses (Jr.) joined a new troop of soldiers considered to be the first cavalry forces in Connecticut. This military force initially consisted of only thirty-seven soldiers under the command of a Major John Mason of which at least 17 of these part-time soldiers were from Windsor including our John Moses (Jr.). These troops were called into action against the local Indians on numerous occasions over the following years, a fact that was probably very annoying to John Moses' young and growing family. Unfortunately in March of 1675 the largest action against the Indians began in what is now known as the King Philip's War. The leader of the Indian forces was a chief by the name of Metacomb who many years earlier in an attempt to maintain a friendly relationship with the English had adopted the name Philip. Hence the name "King Philip's" War. John Moses (Jr.) and the Connecticut forces were engaged in only a few of the many battles of the war. They were however, part of one of the largest and ugliest engagements that is now known as the Great Swamp Fight which took place in present day Rhode Island. By this point in the war the Connecticut forces had greatly increased in size and John Moses was joined in the battle by his three oldest sons including my 8th great grandfather, John Moses 3. Unfortunately for the Moses' family, two of their older sons, Thomas then age 17 and his brother William age 19, were both wounded during one of the battles of the Great Swamp Fight. They apparently were both hit by poisoned Indian arrows, and they both subsequently died a few years later as a result of their wounds. Overall the Indians took the greatest hit during the war and in the case of the Great Swamp Fight, the English forces out of revenge even attached one of the Indian villages and unmercifully killed around 1,000 Indians who consisted mostly of women, children, and older men. My ancestors were undoubtedly involved in this slaughter. The war ended in late 1676 following of course, the burning and complete destruction of the village of Simsbury in March of 1676. Overall it is estimated that around 1,000 colonists were killed during the war as compared to around 3,000 Indians. At the time, the population of the New England area consisted of around 80,000 English people but only around 10,000 Indians. Obviously the number of deaths during the war had a much greater impact on the Indian population. Indian wars at least in the Windsor, Hartford, and Simsbury area were pretty much over for the remainder of John Moses' lifetime.

Apparently sometime prior to the King Philip's War, John Moses (Jr.) must have acquired land and a home in Simsbury, since according to the records his property was burned by the Indians along with everything else when they attacked Simsbury in March of 1676. This loss apparently did not have a huge impact on John Moses' life, financial or otherwise, for according to his final Will, John owned many parcels of land and other records show that he also owned and operated grist mills, saw mills, and cedar mills. We also find interesting is that one of the mills that he erected near Simsbury was near the site of the Tuller mills that were built around the same time and that we mentioned earlier. This is the business that is currently operated by our distant Cousin Don Wayne Tuller. Great grandfather John Moses (Jr.) died at the age of 57 in 1683. My great grandmother Mary Brown Moses outlived her husband by only a few years finally dying in 1689 at the age of only 56.

Approximate view of Mount Philip from Moses' property
At the time of his father's death, John Moses 3 was 28 years old, married, with two children, and living with his family in Simsbury. As his father's oldest son he had been left in his father's will 124 pounds which was a sizable sum of money, plus a portion of the land he owned in both Windsor as well as Simsbury. He also was one of the administrators of his father's estate.  Despite John's rather strong financial beginning we know very little about his life and what if any positions he may have held in his community. We know that he lived on his late father's land alongside the Farmington River and adjacent to Mount Philip, named after King Philip or Metacomb, and that besides being a farmer he undoubtedly ran some of his late father's grist and other mills. John's wife and my 8th great grandmother Deborah Thrall (1660-1715), was 19 years old when she married John on 14 July 1680 and together they had at least ten children including my 7th great grandmother, Mary Moses (1702-1748) who was born in 1702.

Deborah Thrall's grandfather, my 9th great grandfather, William Thrall (1605-1678), arrived in America on the ship "Mary and John" and first came on shore on 30 May 1630 which just happens to be exactly 312 years before the day I was born.  Their group first settled in an area now known as Dorchester which is around six miles south of Boston. They remained there for less than five years and for a number of reasons including trying to distance themselves from the strict Puritan leadership in the Boston area, they travelled westward to the Connecticut River Valley where they settled in an area now named Windsor. My 9th great grandfather William Thrall is credited with being one of the original settlers of Windsor. William would have been around 30 years old at that point having been born in England around 1605 and it is probably safe to assume that he was married although nothing is known about the background of his wife nor her name although some report it to be Elizabeth. The above map of Ancient Windsor has on it the name "Wm. Thrall" showing his property at the high end of the little river titled as "Little Meadow." Little Meadow is now named the Farmington River. The larger river on the map, "The Great Meadow," is now called the Connecticut River and it runs south to the Long Island Sound and north all the way to Canada, a distance of 410 miles. It is no wonder that settlers chose areas like Windsor to call their home.

Unfortunately for the new English settlers and before them the Dutch settlers, all of the New England area was first settled by numerous Indian tribes. The English, probably somewhat naively, tried to purchase the land from the Indians, and the Indians even more naively, sold much of their land to the English without realizing that once their land was sold, they had to move. Another serious problem for the Indians were the many deadly diseases brought to America by the English and the Europeans. The end result of all of this were numerous battles between the new settlers and the Indians whose lives were gradually being wiped out. Our William Thrall was among a group of thirty men then living in Windsor who responded in 1637 to a call for arms to join a fight against the Indians later to be called the Pequot War. The Pequot Indian tribe was soundly defeated losing about 700 of their members of their tribe who were killed or captured. The victors including our William Thrall were granted free land as a reward for their services. William and his wife, sometimes referred to as "Goode" Thrall, had somewhere between two and six children, the records are mostly missing, although it is recorded that my 8th great grandfather, Timothy Thrall (1641-1697) was born in Windsor in 1641. It might also be noted that William Thrall in his will mentioned the names of only two children although obviously some children may have already died. William Thrall lived a long life finally dying at the age of 79 years old in 1679. His wife died a few years earlier at the estimated age of 67 years old. Based on his will and what we read about the history of William Thrall, he was a fairly wealthy man during his lifetime.  Not only was he a large land owner but he also owned a stone quarry that was granted to him by the Town of Windsor in 1652.

Obviously Timothy Thrall, as the oldest child and only son of William Thrall, was the major beneficiary of his father's will with Timothy's sister Phillipa inheriting mostly money. On the other hand, Phillipa's husband, John Hosford, did inherit land from his father-in-law which is not that unusual and the fact that John Hosford's father, William Hosford had also come to America on the ship "Mary and John" along with William Thrall meant that the two families were probably very close friends. Timothy Thrall at the age of only 18 married 18 year-old Deborah Gunn in Windsor on 10th of November in 1659. Deborah's father and my 9th great grandfather, Thomas Gunn, was also one of the first of the settlers in Windsor and considering the young age of both his daughter and his new son-in-law, we have to believe that the Gunn and Thrall families were also probably very close friends. We know that in 1678, Thomas Gunn moved to Westfield, Massachusetts away from Windsor and having done so he gave his homestead in Windsor to his son-in-law. Clearly Timothy and his then rapidly growing family were well off.

We did read one interesting story about Timothy Thrall and his friend and brother in-law, John Hosford that is worth noting. They were both prominent members of the first and at the time only church in Windsor, and incidentally, this church is now considered to be the oldest Congregational church in Connecticut. However, when their minister died and the church leaders tried to promote their then assistant minister, Nathaniel Chauncy, Timothy and John were among a group of church members who strongly objected. We might point out that Nathaniel Chauncy's father was the Rev. Charles Chauncy, my 9th great grandfather, whose story is told in Chapter 3 of this blog. Anyway, in protest both Timothy and John helped form a new church that they founded in Windsor in 1669. This new church was said to be more Presbyterian than Congregational although a number of years later the two churches eventually merged. Timothy and Deborah Gunn Thrall were to have at least nine children who survived until adulthood including my 8th great grandmother, Deborah Thrall, who was born on the 19th day of August in the year 1660. As we mentioned earlier in this story, Deborah Thrall married John Moses on 14 July 1680. Not surprisingly we suppose considering how small the villages were back in the late 17th century, Deborah's younger brother, John Thrall, married one of John Moses' sisters, a girl by the name of Mindwell Moses.

I believe that enough has been written about the ancestry of my Tuller family. Jacob Tuller and his wife Mary Moses Tuller had around 10 children including their fourth child, Sarah Tuller, my 6th great grandmother, who was born in 1728. Sarah married Phineas Holcomb in 1745 when she was only 17 years old. My family tree from this point down to today is as follows:

6th Great Grandparents:   Sarah Tuller          m     Phineas Holcomb 
                                       (1728-1787)                  (1726-1781)
5th Great Grandparents:  Sarah Holcomb      m    Phineas Spaulding
                                       (1751-1825)                 (1749-1825)
4th Great Grandparents:  Phineas Spaulding  m    Matilda Tichenor
                                       (1781-1851)                 (1784-1848)
3rd Great Grandparents: Henry Spaulding     m    Clara Wisner
                                       (1812-1902)                 (1822-1906)
2nd Great Grandparents:Charles Spaulding   m   Mary Catherine Sly
                                       (1841-1875)                (1844-1917)
Great Grandparents:       Henry Spaulding    m   Ella M. Reynolds
                                       (1863-1889)               (1863-1935)
Grandparents:                Helen Spaulding    m   Charles S. Baker
                                       (1887-1937)               (1885-1952)
Parents:                         Charles A. Baker   m    Marian Patterson
                                      (1916-2000)               (1916-1973)
Living Generation:          Charles A. Baker Jr.   (1942-   )
                                     Anne Baker Fanton   (1943-   )
                                     Joan Patterson Baker           (1950-   )

And so ends another story. . . . .



Friday, December 29, 2017

Chapter 56 - Our Bertholf Family

Despite the fact that my DNA test revealed that 63% of my distant ancestors came from Western Europe as opposed to only 24% from Ireland, Scotland, or Wales, and 11% from Great Britain, it would seem that the majority of the stories in my Baker Family Tree blog are focused mostly on my ancestors with English origins. That fact combined with my own English surname of Baker and my mother's Scottish surname of Patterson, makes me wonder if perhaps my DNA test results might simply have been wrong. On the other hand, when I study my family tree on especially looking back at my many ancestors who arrived in America in the 1600s, I have to admit that a large number of my early ancestors did in fact emmigrate from Europe. It would appear that based on the unusual surnames of my European ancestors and their lack of detailed family histories (as opposed to my English ancestors) plus the fact that many of them ultimately married Americans with English sounding surnames, these issues may have led me to ignore them as subjects of my family history stories. This being the case and to be fair, I have chosen for this current chapter to write about my Bertholf family ancestors, a line of my family tree that originated in Holland. Now to their story.

Guiliaem (Guilliam) Bertholf (1656- ca1726): Guilliam Bertholf was my 9th great grandfather on my paternal grandmother's side of my family.  He was baptized on the 26th day of February in 1656 in a small church in Sluis in the Dutch province of Zeeland located in the southwestern corner of the Netherlands. This is the area in the Netherlands that is well known as having large portions of its land below sea level which accounts for it being the least populous province of the Netherlands, a fact especially true during my great grandfather's early life in the Netherlands. Very little is known about the parents and grandparents of Guilliam other than their names and possible birth and death dates and the fact that they too lived and died in Sluis. My 10th great grandparents were Cryn (Quirinus) Bartholf (1620-1675) and Sara Van Coperen (1620-1682). Guilliam was their sixth of at least nine children. Guilliam's grandparents (my 11th great grandparents) were Cristoffel Bertholf (1594-1636) and Catalyne Backhijus (1598-1639). There is some speculation that Guilliam's great grandparents came from Germany although frankly there is no clear documentation to verify this possibility. We could find nothing about the lives of Guilliam's parents and grandparents other than their possible birth and death years and the names of their children, records that were obviously obtained from local church records.

Early map of fortified village of Sluis
It should not be surprising to learn that Guilliam Bertholf, who was then around 28 years old, with his family left Sluis and the Netherlands for America sometime during or just before 1684. Considering the tumultuous past history of their homeland and the almost continuous religious wars between the Catholic countries of Spain and France and the largely Protestant country of the Netherlands during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, their departure was understandable. Sluis, considering its location on the southern border of the Netherlands and it close proximity with the North Sea, was often under attack. As early as the 14th century the village of Sluis found it necessary to fortify their small town. In 1587, Spanish troops attacked and then occupied Sluis until it was recaptured by the Dutch in 1604. Again in 1606 the Spanish attempted a failed attack to recapture the small fortified village followed later by other failed attempts in 1621 and 1622. In 1672, the village was again attacked this time by the French who fortunately for the residents failed in their efforts to capture the village. Sluis is also well known during this time period as being a refuge town for French Huguenots who were Protestants who had escaped persecution by the Roman Catholics who made up the majority of the French population.

Zwin Channel
There is no evidence to suggest that Guilliam Bertholf nor his father or grandfather had been soldiers or in any way contributed to the leadership or the defense of their hometown of Sluis.  In fact, in one of Guilliam Bertholf's brief biographies, it was written that he owned a bakery and was a "cooper-smith," presumably making barrels and possibly shipping his bakery goods to other parts of Holland or other countries. Considering that Sluis during this early time period had been a major shipping port, this occupation would have been a real possibility. Unfortunately, it is also written, that Sluis' strength as a shipping port depended largely on its access to the North Sea via the Zwin Channel, and what was gradually happening, was that the Zwin was getting shallower as a result of the buildup of silt in its bottom. Hence, it was getting more and more difficult for seagoing vessels to make their way down the Zwin Channel to Sluis. It is entirely possible that Guilliam Bertholf and others in this area of the Netherlands, recognized the growing limitations of business development in their area, and they were thus encouraged to seek far greater opportunities, or so they thought, by emigrating to the New World and America. This possibility, plus the fact that many of the families that left the Netherlands were Huguenots who were seeking religious freedoms, meant that there was a strong flow of individuals out of the Netherlands during this time period in history, including of course our Bertholf ancestors. We found it quite interesting to discover that Guilliam Bertholf (Bertolf) was listed in a book named "The Huguenots or Early French in New Jersey" published in 1955 and written by Albert F Koehler. Mr. Koehler at the time was the Treasurer of the Huguenot Society of New Jersey. Despite the indisputable fact that Guilliam was not French, Mr. Koehler nevertheless listed him as a Huguenot.

Early Dutch settlements in America
Guilliam Bertholf was 20 years old when he married his new wife and my 9th great grandmother, Martyntje Hendrickse Vermeulen, on the 15th of April in 1675. Over the next eight years or so and before they left for America, Martyntje gave birth to three daughters. Their youngest daughter was still a baby when they boarded a ship bound for America. The name of their ship and the exact date of their departure is unknown. What is probable however, is that the ship passengers were largely Huguenots and the ship landed in what was by then the small village of New York on the western end of Long Island. It is well known of course, that the Dutch were the original settlers in New York beginning around 1613 with the formation of a trading post and then by 1625 the settlement of a new village on Long Island by the name of New Amsterdam (the future City of New York). New Dutch settlements rapidly began to expand in the area as far north as the future city of Albany up the Hudson River as well as into the future states of New Jersey and Delaware.  Unfortunately for the Dutch in 1664, the British seized the Dutch colony so that by the time that Guilliam Bertholf and his family arrived in America the land upon which they settled while still largely occupied by Dutch as well as Walloons (Belgians), Germans, and French Huguenots, was then under the control of the British.

Why Guilliam Bertholf is sometimes referred to as a Huguenot is possibly because he and his family eventually settled is an area known as Hackensack in the present day county of Bergen in New Jersey. Hackensack is considered to have been the first permeant Huguenot settlement in New Jersey beginning in 1677. In 1685 however, shortly following the arrival of the Bertholf family in America, the Edict of Nantes was revoked in France. This edict had originally granted the Huguenots the right to practice their religion without persecution, but when this right was totally revoked what followed was a large influx of French Protestants, the Huguenots, into America with large numbers ultimately settling in New Jersey, the new home of our great grandparents, the Bertholfs.

The Bertholf family is believed to have first settled in a community originally named Bergen (now Jersey City) located in present day New Jersey and just across the Hudson River from the village of New York (New Amsterdam.) It was there that he and his wife are recorded as having joined the local Dutch Reformed Church ("The Little Church") on 6 October 1684 and where at least two of his early American born children were baptized. Family historians are a little unclear as to how long Guilliam and his growing family lived in Bergen and some suggest that they soon moved about 15 miles north of Bergen to a small settlement named Acquackanonck where Guilliam owned and operated a small farm. Since most historians also report that Acquackanonck was only scantly inhabited at this point, it would seem probable that the family remained in Bergen. In any case, Guilliam soon met the local Bergen church's visiting minister by the name of Rev. Hendricus Selyns who was so impressed with young Guilliam that in 1690 he offered Guilliam a church job serving as clerk and lay-reader ("voorlezer") in the tiny congregation in Harlem located just east of New York and across the Hudson River from Bergen. At the time church ministers traveled from community to community and the local voorlezers operated the local churches in their absence. The voorlezer effectively had the duties of an assistant minister.

What is known is that at some point probably around 1692, Guilliam Bertholf was offered a job as the voorlezer in a small local church in Hackensack located just north of Bergen where he soon relocated, purchased land, began operating a farm (for needed income of course), and worked for their small local Dutch Reformed church. Shortly following his recent hiring by the church in Hackensack, a new church opened in nearby Acquackanonk (later Passaic) where he also was soon employed as their voorlezer. This position beside being responsible for keeping the church records and leading prayers, etc. in the absence of the traveling minister, also included teaching school to the young local children. Apparently my great-grandfather was more educated than the vast majority of the local residents and as it quickly turned out he soon became a highly respected leader in his community and in the local churches.

Understandably the local people of Hackensack were not at all pleased with their church being run by an out-of-town, non-Dutch speaking, and mostly absent minister especially now that Guilliam Bertholf was there as their voorlezer and whose theology and politics were both congenial to them. Unfortunately the only way for Guilliam to be ordained as a minister was for him to be ordained by the Dutch Reformed Church back in Amsterdam. This issue was so important to the locals that they funded a trip for Guilliam back to Amsterdam where in September of 1693 he was quickly ordained as a full minister of the Dutch Reformed Church.  Guilliam Bertholf returned to Hackensack on 24 February 1694 and his life soon changed.

Sleepy Hollow Church
For the next thirty years Guilliam Bertholf served as the full time minister of the churches both in Hackensack and in nearby Acquackanonk. He is recognized as the first Dutch speaking minister in New Jersey. He also over the many years he served for the church, was responsible for the founding of numerous other churches both in New Jersey as well as a few in New York including the church in Tarrytown, New York which later became famous as the "Sleepy Hollow Church," featured in Washington Irving's book Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Grandfather Bertholf became quite well known during his long service and not surprisingly considering his high character, he was a very highly respected individual. A Rev. Dr. David Cole wrote a book in 1894 wherein he described Guilliam as follows: "His piety was deep, his judgement and tact superior, his grasp of the Bible clear and strong, his preaching reverent and superior, his intercourse with people cordial and magnetic, and his devotion to his work untiring."  I am honestly quiet proud to be a great grandson of the Rev. Guilliam Berthoth.

Considering Guilliam's active role within the church we were a little surprised to discover that the exact number of children born to the Bertholf family is unknown.  Considering however, that if a child died at birth and before they could be baptized, then a record of their birth could easily have been lost particularly since no birth records, only baptismal records, were being kept during this period of history. What is known is that Guilliam and Martina (Martyntje) had at least eight children including two sons who were both my 8th great grandfathers, Hendrick Bertholf, who was baptized on 6 April 1686 at the church in Bergen, and Corynus (Quirinus) Bertholf, who was also baptized at the church in Bergen on the 4th of May in 1688. There are some sources that state that Corynus was born in New York City although this would seem unlikely if the family was at the time still living in Bergen. The last child of Guilliam and Martina, a daughter, was born in 1714 when Guilliam was 42 years old. The exact date and the burial locations of both Guilliam Bertholf and his wife are unknown although it is believed that Guilliam died in 1726 at the age of 69, two years following his retirement. He is believed to have been buried under the pulpit of the original Reformed Church in Hackensack. Considering his highly respected role in his church as well as in his community, his honorable burial within his church should not be at all surprising.

Schraalenburgh Dutch Reformed Church 1728
Their son Hendrick Bertholf was 21 years old when he married my 8th great grandmother, Marritje (Mary) Terhune (Ter Hutne) in the Dutch Reformed Church in Hackensack on the 29th day of March in the year 1707. One has to assume that Hendrick's proud father, minister of the church, was the one who oversaw the marriage of his son and new daughter-in-law. Unfortunately, we really do not know much about the lives of Hendrick and Marritje. Some historians report that they moved to Pompton, New Jersey in 1730 where they purchased 404 acres of land. The land purchase is probably accurate as Hendrick was likely a farmer, although it is unlikely that they moved to Pompton or possibly what is now Pompton Lakes in Passaic County, New Jersey. What is known for certain is that Hendrick Bertholf was one of the many original founders of and donators to the Dutch Reformed Church in Schraalenburgh (now Bergenfield, New Jersey) which was founded around 1723. The original church construction was completed in 1728.  In 1631, Hendrick, then around 42 years old, is listed as being one of the early Church Elders. With Pompton being around 20 miles from their church in Schraalenburgh it would seem highly unlikely that Hendrick Bertholf lived in Pompton. In the early 1700s a trip of 20 miles by wagon might have taken at least four hours or eight hours round trip. Incidentally, Schraalenburgh or todays Bergenfield is only 5 miles or so from Hackensack. Together Hendrick and Marritje had 12 children including my 7th great grandfather, Jacobus Bertholf, who was born in Hackensack in 1717. Hendrick outlived his wife, my great grandmother, by 20 years finally dying in 1766 at the age of 80. Perhaps not surprisingly considering how long ago the family lived, Hendrick Bertholf also outlived eight of his twelve children and most of his brothers and sisters including his brother and my other 8th great grandfather, Corynus Bertholf, who died in 1733 or 33 years before his older brother Hendrick.

Corynus Bertholf, also my 8th great grandfather, is known by a number of names in the course of history most likely because accurate or consistent spelling was not common during this time in our country's history. We have seen his name spelled as Corymus, Cryn, Crynis, and Coynius, and there are probable more variations although we are going to stay with Corynus. We know that on 30 August 1718 Corynus was married in his father's church (like his brother) to a young 19-year old girl by the name of Annetje (Anna) Ryerson whose parents had moved to Hackensack from Brooklyn around the year 1707 when Annetje was only 9 years old. We have to believe that Corynus and Annetje obviously met each other in the church although since he was 10 years older than his future wife, it is certainly possible that their marriage may have been an arranged marriage possibly set up by her parents. Just a guess.

While reviewing the history of Annetje Ryerson's family tree, I discovered that her great grandfather was none other than Joris Janseen Rapalje (1604-1662) [see Chapter 1 of this blog- The Rappleye Family] who just happens to be my 8th great grandfather through another entirely different line of my family tree. What I also discovered that I had not known previously, was that four of Joris Jansen Rapalje's children, Sarah (1625-1685), Jannetje (1629-1699), Jeronimus (1643-1690), and Annetje, Annetje Ryerson's grandmother (1646-1692) were all my great grandparents through entirely different family lines. Wow, we guess we should not be surprised that my DNA reflects 63% Western European ancestry.

Corynus and Annetje Bertholf were to have six children including their fifth child, my 7th great grandmother, Elizabeth Bertholf, who was born on 26 June 1726. Her father Corynus died at the relatively young age of 45 in the year 1733. Most historical writings also report that her mother, Annetje, may have also died in the same year 1733, and assuming that this is accurate, we might conclude that their death may have been the result of a epidemic that hit both of them around the same time. Unfortunately these causes of deaths were very common during this period of our country's history. When Corynus and Annetje died their six children ranged in ages from 5 years old to 14 years old and obviously following their parents deaths, the children must have been sent to live with some of theirs and their parent's relatives. Exactly which relative or relatives accepted the children is unknown but we suspect that their daughter Elizabeth, then only 7 years old, may have gone to live with her Uncle and Aunt Hendrick and Marritje Bertholf despite the fact that this family already had many children. The reason that we suspect that Elizabeth went to live with her aunt and uncle is that nine years later in 1742 she ended up marrying her cousin Jacobus Bertholf, son of Hendrick and Marritje Bertholf. She was only 16 when she married her 24 year old cousin Jacobus. They must have been awfully close friends but at least it was not until she was 20 years old that her first son was born, my 6th great grandfather, Petrus "Peter" Bertholf (1746-1801). Prior to Petrus' birth two daughters were born, one in 1743 and one in 1744.

Unfortunately we know very little about the lives of our married cousins Jacobus and Elizabeth Bertholf including where they lived and what Jacobus did for a living. It is doubtful that they inherited anything much from their parents and most likely they lived on small farmlands that cost little or nothing to purchase. The records for the births of their youngest children including my great grandfather Peter Bertholf, show that they lived in Pompton Plains which is now in Morris County, New Jersey located about 18 or 19 miles northwest of their birth home in Hackensack. At some point however, they moved north into what is now  the Town of Warwick in Orange County, New York located about 40 miles north of Hackensack and about 30 miles north of Pompton Plains. Based on the baptismal record of their fifth child, Henry Bertholf who was born in Orange County in 1750, the family obviously moved north just prior to 1750. We found this quite interesting since the first permanent settlers in this area arrived in 1712 and they were my 9th great grandparents, Johannas and Elizabeth Dumbaugh Wisner. The story of my Wisner ancestors is told in Chapter 12 of this blog. Also early settlers in Orange County, New York were my 6th great grandparents, James and Susannah Seeley Sayre, whose family's history is told in Chapters 13 and 37. Another earlier settler family in this area were my 8th great grandparents Josiah and Patience Corwin Vail. It is obvious that at the time of Jacobus and Elizabeth's arrival in Orange County it was possible to acquire large acres of land at very inexpensive prices which undoubtedly motivated them to relocate.

Gravestones of Jacobus and Elizabeth Bertholf
In total Jacobus and Elizabeth Bertholf had  eight children born between 1743 and 1763 at least four of whom were born in Morris County and four further north up in Orange County. Jacobus died at the age of  63 on 15 April 1781 and he is buried in the Locust Hill Cemetery in Warwick, Orange County, New York.  Elizabeth outlived her husband by around 24 years final dying in 1805 and she too is buried alongside her husband in the Locust Hill Cemetery along with at least four of their children. We found it interesting that engraved on the tombstone of Elizabeth Bertholf is the statement that implies that she was the wife of a Revolutionary War soldier: "Revolutionary War Wife of Jacobus Bertholf." Since this statement is probably not accurate, obviously her gravestone is not the original one. There are no records however, that have been found that might confirm that old man Jacobus Bertholf was enlisted in the Orange County militia during the Revolutionary War although we suppose that it is possible.

My 6th great grandfather Peter Bertholf married my 6th great grandmother, Angenietje (Agnes) Vander Bogart, but there is much confusion as to when and where they were married, how old she was when they married, and when their first child was born, my 5th great grandmother, Elizabeth Bertholf. While the exact dates are not really that important, we find it interesting that there is so much confusion. Grandma Angenietje is often shown as born in 1757 and married in 1768 which would made her only 11 years old when she married, which is ridiculous. Other writings show their marriage in the year 1775 which is more realistic but then they show their daughter Elizabeth born in 1770, which is again ridiculous.  What is probably most accurate is that their marriage occurred around 1775 and Elizabeth was born in early 1776. Considering that their second child, Doortje Bertholf, was born in September of 1777, Elizabeth's birth a year or so earlier makes more sense. We did find one source that reported that their marriage took place in Pompton Plain, New Jersey in 1776 although this is very unlikely considering that by 1775 or 76, the Bertholf family was living in or near Warwick, in Orange County, New York and that shortly following their marriage, Peter Bertholf enlisted as a soldier in the local militia preparing for battle in the Revolutionary War. On the other hand, there is another record showing the baptism of second daughter Doortje Bertholf in the Dutch Reformed Church in Pompton Plains so who knows. Pompton Plains and Warwick are around 28 miles apart, a rather long distance in 1777.

As was very common during the Revolutionary War, Peter was hardly alone among friends and relatives who joined the militia forces fighting against the British. Peter was originally commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Fourth Orange County Militia on 22 September 1775 followed by a raise to Captain on 19 February 1778, quite an honor. Also in the same militia was the future father-in-law of his daughter Elizabeth, one Lieutenant Colonial Henry Wisner (1742-1812), my 6th great grandfather, as well as two of Peter's younger brothers, Ensign Henry Bertholf, and Crines Bertholf. There were also at least four of his Bertholf cousins in this same militia as well as dozens of his close friends. Exactly which battles Peter may have fought in is speculative although it is known that the Fourth Regiment engaged in the Battle of White Plains in 1776, and in their disastrous loss at the Battle of Minisink fought near their home on July 22nd of 1779. In this engagement around 48 of their 120 militia soldiers were killed as opposed to only around a half-dozen or so killed who were fighting with the British forces which consisted of around 60 Iroquois Indians and 27 British Tories.  Obviously Peter's group was not well trained and lacked experience which was not that uncommon for the American militia soldiers fighting during the American Revolution. Thank goodness for George Washington and his full time, professional forces. Following the Battle of Minisink Peter Bertholf's militia was pretty much dissolved or at least no more engagements were fought by them as the major war battles trended southward with the war effectively ending following the Battle of Yorktown and the British defeat in October of 1781.

Gravestone Peter Bertholf
Unionville Cemetery
Obviously Peter Bertholf's engagements in the Revolutionary War did not take him to far from home since besides the birth of his daughter Elizabeth around 1776, his daughter Doortje was born in September of 1777, and his daughter Mary around 1779 or 1780. Clearly his battle loss in July of 1779 did not affect his sex life and in total Peter and Angenietje had six children. Following the war it is unclear what Peter did for a living although based on his role as a captain during the war, he was probably well respected in his community. He may have at some point owned a farm near Unionville in Orange County for it is in a small cemetery in Unionville where my great grandfather was buried following his death at the age of 54 on 14 December 1801. Unionville is also in Orange County located about 12 miles northwest of Warwick where his parents and some of his siblings are buried.  Where Grandma Angenietje is buried is unknown although she did outlive her husband by some 20 years and most likely she too is also buried in the Unionville Cemetery.

While we do not know the exact birth year of Elizabeth Bertholf we do know that she married John Wisner on 16 May 1790 and 14 months later their first child was born at their home in Minisink, located near the homes of both her in-laws and her parents.  Her father-in-law was Henry Wisner who was not only one of the leaders of her father's Revolutionary War militia unit but he and his wife, Susannah Goldsmith Wisner, my 6th great grandparents, were also most likely good friends of both of Elizabeth's parents. John and Elizabeth Wisner had nine children together all of whom were born in Minisink in Orange County. Unfortunately we uncovered almost nothing about John's and Elizabeth's life other than John was reported to be a farmer and that he died at the relatively young age of 40 in the year 1811. Elizabeth died in 1843 outliving her husband by 32 years. Their sixth son and my 4th great grandfather was Henry Wisner. Chapter 12 of this blog continues the story of this line of my family tree forward:

4th Great Grandparents:  Henry Wisner m Maria Smith
                                          (1801-1862)        (1804-1897)
3rd Great Grandparents:  Henry C. Spaulding m Clara A. Wisner
                                          (1812-1902)            (1822-1906)
2nd Great Grandparents: Charles H. Spaulding m Mary Catherine Sly
                                          (1841-1875)             (1844-1917)
Great Grandparents:        Henry C. Spaulding m Ella McBlain Reynolds
                                          (1863-1889)             (1863-1935)
Grandparents:                 Charles S. Baker m Helen Mary Spaulding
                                          (1885-1952)        (1887-1937)
Parents:                         Charles A. Baker m Marian C. Patterson
                                          (1916-2000)         (1916-1973)
Living Generation:           Charles Asbury Baker Jr. (1942-   )
                                          Anne Baker Fanton (1943-   )
                                          Joan Baker (1950-   )

And so ends another family history story . . . .

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Chapter 55 - My Loomis Ancestry

My closest Loomis ancestor is my 8th great grandmother, Elizabeth Loomis, who died in November of 1717, a long time ago. In this chapter we are going to approach our family history story a little bit differently than most of our other family histories. Our plan is to broaden our scope and explore as best we can all sides of Elizabeth's ancestry including both her mother's and her father's parents, grandparents, great grandparents and where possible even her great, great grandparents. Elizabeth Loomis's family tree is shown above. We are going to begin our Loomis tale with what we have learned about her great, great grandparents, John and Kyrsten Loomis, who are my 12th great grandparents on my mother's side of our family.

Thaxted, Sussex County, England
Home of early Loomis Family
One of the common problems when researching our ancestors is that their surnames are often not spelled the same as they are today which then makes it a lot more difficult to do the research. This is especially true in the case of our Loomis ancestors. It is not so much that they changed their last names or it's spelling. The problem was that back in the 17th century and earlier almost no one could read or write. This meant that anyone recording a person's name in the public or church records had to guess as to how their surname was spelled. The end results were multiple guesses as to the spelling. A good example is the spelling of John Loomis's surname in his last will and testament that was written on 19 February 1567. Not only was his name written as "John Lomesse" but almost every other word in the document is spelled incorrectly or at least differently than it is today. His will begins "Fyrst, I bequeve my sowle into the hands off allmyghty god . . ."  It is therefore no surprise that we see my great grandparents' last name spelled in many different ways: Lomas, Lummy, Lummys, Loomys, Lummis, Lomesse, and more.

Church of St. John the Baptist, Thaxted
We really do not know much about my 12th great grandparents, John and Kyrsten (or Christine) Loomis. John was born around 1536 and he and his wife lived their entire lives in Thaxted, County Essex, England located about 70 miles northeast of London. In John's case his life was very short as he was only around 31 years old when he died in 1567 undoubtedly, as was common back in those days, due to the effects of some sort of epidemic. Such an epidemic might be as simple as a run of measles or chickenpox for which there was no immunity and no cure. All that we really know about John Loomis is that he was a carpenter and apparently according to his will he owned his own home "with a garden plotte" which seems to imply that he was during his short life reasonably financially successful. From what we learned about the small village of Thaxted it was a flourishing community during this time period and it was well known for its cutlery and weaving industries which employed a large number of the population. Unfortunately, we know virtually nothing about my great grandmother Kyrsten including for certain her last name and when she was born or died. Her surname is often written however, as Pasfield or Jackson and her death year as 1567 although her dying in the same year as her husband may be unlikely. Although their gravestones have long been lost, it is generally accepted that they were both buried alongside the Church of St. John the Baptist in Thaxted that has been described as a "magnificent medieval church," a fact that clearly shows to be accurate in the above photograph. John and Kyrsten are thought to have a number of children before John's early death including my 11th great grandfather, John Loomis (Jr.) who was born in Thaxted around 1562. John's will simply mentions "all my chyldre" and unfortunately the names of his children other than his son John have never been positively identified other than possibly another son named Edward.

Tailor business in merry old England
If both of John Loomis's parents died in 1567 when he was only five he was probably then raised by another Loomis family member, possibly an aunt or an uncle, but the names of whomever may have raised John and his siblings is unknown. Perhaps it was his lack of an intimate family relationship that motivated his move away from Thaxted at a young age to the nearby village of Braintree, located around 18 miles southeast of Thaxted. Another possible and stronger motive for moving to Braintree was that Braintree was larger in population and thus the opportunity for obtaining employment was far greater. John was 22 years old when he married in Braintree on the 30th of June in 1589 my 11th great grandmother, Agnes Lingwood, who was then around 18 years old. Agnes' father is believed to have been a man named John Lingwood (or Lyngwood) who was known to be a "woolen-draper" (wool cloth merchant) and it is very possible that John Loomis went to work for John Lingwood after he moved to Braintree where he not only learned the "tailor" business but he also meet his future wife Agnes, daughter of John and Jane Marlar Lingwood. John Lingwood is believed by some historians to have died in 1592 [some historians say 1594 or even 1597 which is the date often given for his last will and testament] possibly as a result of the plague. There is no way to confirm this as a fact but it is known that in December of 1592 a plague hit nearby London and over a twelve month period it caused around 17,000 deaths. In any case, his death may have made it possible for John Loomis to continue and expand his father-in-laws business. As best that can be determined, our great grandfather John Loomis did quite well in his business, became a rather large landholder in Braintree, and he was a highly respected man in his church and in his community. Together John and Agnes had five children including my 10th great grandfather, their only son, Joseph Loomis, who was born on 24 August 1590. When John Loomis prepared his final will and testament on 14 April 1619 he mentions only his son Joseph and his four married daughters and he died soon after and was buried in the churchyard of St. Michael's Church in Braintree on 29 May 1619. He was 57 years old. My great grandmother Agnes is listed in most records as having died on the day that her husband wrote his will and the fact that the manner that she is mentioned in his final will would suggest that she probably died sometime shortly after her husband. Undoubtedly she too is buried by the St. Michael's Church.  Here again, the fact that they may have died so close in time to each other might suggest that they were each infected with one of the many diseases that were constantly passing through England during this time period.

St. Andrew's Parish Church - Shalford, Essex
My 10th great grandfather, Joseph Loomis was around 23 years old when he married my great grandmother Mary White on the 30th day of June in 1614 probably at the St. Andrew's Parish Church in Shalford where she and her parents were living. Shalford was and is today a small community located about 5 miles north of Braintree. It is likely that Joseph's and Mary's parents as well as all of Joseph's and Mary's siblings attended the wedding. Joseph's new father-in-law, Robert White (1561-1617), was a man of considerable means for the times and his wealth was undoubtedly a great benefit to young Joseph. Joseph's new business was the purchasing and then the reselling of cloth that he acquired from the many small weavers who had flocked in recent years to the greater Braintree area of Essex County. It is not entirely clear how my great grandfather Robert White had achieved his wealth although it may have been through an inheritance. While he apparently was not a member of the English nobility, he was considered a yeoman and he did own a moderate amount of land. This ownership of land was very unusual during a time period when most of the land in England was either controlled by a small number of noble families who essentially "rented" the land to other less affluent people, or the land was owned by the English church.  Robert White's wealth was pretty much reflected in his last will and testament that he had written near his death in May of 1617 only three years following his daughter's wedding to Joseph Loomis. Robert White not only left his land and goods to his wife and children but the fact that he was wealthy was reflected by his bequeathing money both to "the poore people of Messinge. . " as well to two local church ministers. Messing was a small village east of Braintree where the White family lived at the time of Robert's death in 1617. Unfortunately nothing is known about the ancestry of my 11th great grandfather Robert White. On the other hand, the family history of Robert's wife and my 11th great grandmother, Bridget (Brydgette) Allgar (1562-1605), goes back by tradition a number of generations to my alleged 17th great grandfather, a Sir John Algor (1333?-1398?), who was a member of the English nobility and who lived in what was then called the Manor of Lindsell. Today Lindsell is a small village located near Shalford and Braintree. Sir John was then known as the Lord of Castle Brazen (Brason) Head although from what we read, Castle Brazen was probably just a large farm house. Whether or not all of this is accurate, it is quite apparent that our Loomis ancestry goes back for many, many generations in Essex County, England.

We do not know for certain what motivated Joseph Loomis to move with his wife Mary White Loomis and their children to America in 1638. At the time he was around 48 or 49 years old which was relatively old for this period in history. Besides his wife Mary, they had eight children who travelled with them ranging in age from 10 years old to 23 years old including my 9th great grandfather, Nathaniel Loomis, who was 12.  Joseph was fairly well-off financially. He had an excellent business in Braintree which included a large woolen drapery store that he had developed over many years. Many weavers from Flanders in Holland had settled in Braintree in the 1500s and the village had quickly become a center of cloth manufacturing in England. The family undoubtedly lived in a nice home, were a well respected family, as well as respected members of the local church in Braintree. Furthermore the cost of taking the trip to America was undoubtedly expensive especially for a family of 10. There is no question that Joseph Loomis would have had Puritan leanings although there are no suggestions in historical records that he was an avid and outspoken critic of the Church of England and/or the current King of England, King Charles I. Certainly during this period of English history the country was in turmoil over religious issues as well as King Charles' quarrels with the British Parliament, the public distrust that they had for him, and the threats and the realities of war and higher taxes. We really believe that Joseph Loomis was thinking of his children and their future when he elected to emigrate to America. In America, unlike in England, he believed that there would be religious and political freedoms as well as the right to own land, all liberties that were not offered in their homeland. These beliefs made for him the decision to board the ship "Susan and Ellen" in London with his entire family on 11 April 1638. Not surprisingly one of Mary's sisters and her husband and family as well as one of her brothers had already left for America in 1632.  Mary's sister Anna and her husband John Porter travelled with Mary and Joseph and their family onboard the "Susan and Ellen" when it finally left the shores of England headed for America. After almost three months at sea the ship finally arrived in Boston on July 17th.

After a year living in Dorchester located just south of Boston, Joseph decided in mid-1639 to leave the area and relocate to a new community in Connecticut by the name of Windsor. He was undoubtedly aware and attracted to the fact that in early 1639 the new settlements of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor had issued a written constitution that offered liberality to its citizens and a unified government for these new colonies. A trading post had been established on the future site of Windsor in the year 1633 followed by the group of original settlers of Windsor consisting of around 30 people who arrived in 1634. They were followed the following year by another 60 new emigrants. Most of these original settlers had traveled from Dorchester so it probably should not be surprising that Joseph and his family selected Windsor to be their new home. It is estimated that by the year 1636 there were around 160 families or 800 people living in the townships of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor. Despite the Loomis family's later arrival in Windsor, Joseph Loomis is universally listed as one of the village's original founders. According to some early town records of Windsor, Joseph was granted in February of 1640, 21 acres of land adjoining the Farmington River near its junction with the west bank of the Connecticut River (noted as the Great River on the adjacent map). Windsor is located around 8 miles north of Hartford and this home village of our Joseph Loomis is usually accepted as the earliest of all English settlements in all of Connecticut.
Loomis Family Home, Windsor, Connecticut

Joseph Loomis at first constructed what has been called a "dugout cabin" on his new land followed sometime before the year 1652 with the construction of a small timber-framed house. Following Joseph's death in 1658, their original home was greatly expanded by one of his sons during the years 1688 to 1690 and what is really wonderful is that the original home as expanded still stands to this day as shown in this old photograph above. The home today has been somewhat modernized since this older picture was taken. The Loomis home today is considered to be one of the oldest timber-framed houses still standing in America.

Monument to Joseph Loomis and Family
Joseph Loomis lived for almost 19 years in Windsor before his death on 25 November 1658 at the age of around 68 years old. Mary, my 10th great grandmother, died at the age of 61 in the year 1652. Joseph lived long enough to attend the marriage of all eight of his children including my 9th great grandfather Nathaniel Loomis, their youngest son, who married Elizabeth Moore in Windsor on 24 November 1654. Joseph and Mary had lived a good life in Windsor. They lived next door to Mary's sister Anna and her husband John Porter. Also living nearby them were another of my 10th great grandparents, Henry and Elizabeth Saunders Wolcott whose family history is told in Chapter 16 on this blog ( While Joseph Loomis was not a young man when he moved to America, he still was able to remain active in his new community. In October of 1640 he joined the local Windsor church. In 1643 and 1644 he served as a Deputy to the Assembly which would have been quite an honor in colonial Connecticut during this time period. There are also several records of him serving on a jury in 1644 as well as in 1652 including once with Nathaniel Foote from Hartford who was another one of my 10th great grandfathers. Joseph Loomis may have died unexpectedly in 1658 for he died without writing a last will and testament. His estate fortunately was settled without any disagreements by his sons and daughters.

Style of Furniture made by Moore Family
John Moore, the father of Nathaniel Loomis' wife Elizabeth Moore, is believed to have been born in Southwold in Suffolk County, England sometime between 1603 and 1614 (who knows) and possibly with his brother Thomas (some say that Thomas was his father) sailed to America in 1630 on the ship "Mary and John". If John Moore sailed alone to America as typically reported, it would seem unlikely that he was born as late as 1614 which would have meant that he was traveling alone to America at the age of only 16. John initially settled in Dorchester but like so many other early Dorchester settlers he eventually moved to Windsor around 1639 (possibly earlier). There is some question as to the name of John Moore's wife and my 10th great grandmother. Some believe that her name was Abigail although the name has never been confirmed in historical records. Furthermore, John Moore's oldest daughter was named Abigail and some believe that some historians may simply have confused the two individuals.  Perhaps the most interesting thing about John Moore was his occupation. My great grandfather was an extraordinarily skilled maker of wood furniture. The furniture, some of which still survives to this day (see photograph as to style) was typically decorated with vines and blossoms carved into the wood, furniture if sold today, would be almost priceless. Thanks to his training, John Moore's sons and two of his son-in-laws continued the business following John's death and it is said that "Windsor became the region's premier woodworking site throughout the mid-1700s", obviously thanks to my great grandfather's influence. John Moore was also a large farmer, a house carpenter, a joiner, a wheelwright, a turner, and a maker of boats as well as paddles and oars. Obviously he was a busy man.

Moore House as it appears today
Besides his occupation, John Moore was a very active patriarch in his community of Windsor. He was not only elected as one of Windsor's five "selectmen," he was ordained as a deacon in Windsor's First Congregation Church in 1651 and he was elected by Windsor as a Deputy to the Connecticut General Court, a position that he served for a least 21 years. He also became a large property owner as well as being credited as being generous via donations to the poor. What is also interesting is that like his son-in-law's father, Joseph Loomis, the home that John Moore had built in Windsor in 1664 still survives in part to this day although like the original Loomis house, it too was later attached to a larger home that subsequently in 1897 was moved to a new location. John Moore and his wife had two sons and four daughters all of whom are believed to have been born in Windsor. My 9th great grandmother, Elizabeth Moore, was born on the 23rd day of July in 1638. She was only 16 years old when she married Nathaniel Loomis on 27 November 1654 who was by then 28 years old. Her father, John Moore, died on 18 September 1677.

King Philip's War, Windsor Troop of Horse
Unlike his father and his father-in-law there is little evidence to show that Nathaniel Loomis was active in his community unless one counts the fact that during the period of his marriage he and his wife had twelve children including my 8th great grandmother, Elizabeth Loomis, who was born on 7 August 1655. Historical records show that Nathaniel's occupation was primarily that of a farmer. He was made a freeman in 1654 and he and his wife were admitted to the local church in 1663. What is somewhat surprising is that only four years after his marriage Nathaniel was listed as a member of the Connecticut Calvary (a/k/a Windsor Troop of Horse) under the command of Major John Mason (also another early Windsor settler).  He undoubtedly maintained his part-time position within this cavalry through much of his life which was probably compulsory, for he is listed again in 1676 as being with this same group during the King Philip's War. At 50 years old at the start of this war, it is hard to imagine that Nathaniel actually engaged in any large battles with the Indians. The population of New England during this time period was around 60,000 people and with around 110 towns with militias and with as many as 16,000 men of military age all of whom would have been required to join their local militias, it would seem Nathaniel Loomis' role may have been primarily to maintain a defensive force around his own town. There are no records that suggest that Nathaniel was at any time an officer in his local militia. Sometime after the King Philip's War, Nathaniel Loomis purchased a large section of land on the east side of the "Great River", now the Connecticut River, showing that during his lifetime he may have gained a certain amount of wealth. Nathaniel died in 1688 at the age of 62 and he is buried in the Palisado Cemetery in Windsor. My 9th great grandmother, Elizabeth Moore Loomis, was only 50 years old when her husband died and not surprisingly, three years following her husband's death, she married a man by the name of John Case. Here again, my great grandmother outlived her second husband, finally dying at the age of 89 on the 23rd of January in 1728. Elizabeth is buried alongside her first husband Nathaniel in the Palisado Cemetery in Windsor. At the time of the arrival of the Loomis family to Connecticut in 1639 the total population was a little under 1,500. Around the time of Nathaniel and Elizabeth's deaths the population had grown to around 17,000 and was starting to increase rapidly such that by the end of the 18th century, the Connecticut population had expanded to around 250,000 people.  When people like our Nathaniel and Elizabeth Loomis have 12 children, it is no wonder that the population would expand dramatically.

Their daughter and my 8th great grandmother, Elizabeth Loomis, obviously named after her mother, was only 33 years old when her father died. Her mother on the other hand outlived her by 11 years.  Elizabeth married my 8th great grandfather, William Burnham, in 1671 when she was only 15 years old and William was 19. They, like Elizabeth's parents, had many children and lived a good and seemly prosperous life. My ancestry from Elizabeth Loomis and William Burnham down until today is listed below: 

8th Great Grandparents: Elizabeth Loomis and William Burnham
                                        (1655-1717)                (1652-1730)
7th Great Grandparents: William Burnham and Hannah Wolcott
                                       (1684-1750)                 (1684-1748)
6th Great Grandparents: Josiah Burnham and Ruth Norton
                                     (1710-1800)               (1724-1762)
5th Great Grandparents: Hannah Burnham and Benjamin Hall
                                    (1746-1797)                 (1736-1786)
4th Great Grandparents: William B. Hall and Rebecca Boardman
                                      (1774-1842)             (1783-1805)
3rd Great Grandparents: Elizabeth B. Hall and Mosely Hutchinson
                                     (1801-1877)             (1795-1861)
2nd Great Grandparents: Mary R. Hutchinson and David Ferree
                                     (1825-1901)                 (1826-1869)
Great Grandparents:     Eugene H. Ferree and Marian Coapman
                                     (1866-1952)                 (1867-1895)
Grandparents:          Florence A. Ferree and Douglas Patterson           
                                (1891-1938)                   (1888-1979)
Parents:                   Marian C. Patterson and Charles A. Baker
                                 (1916-1973)                     (1916-2000)
Living Generation:      Charles Baker (1942- )
                                Anne Baker Fanton (1943- )
                                Joan Baker (1950- )

And so ends another family history story . . . .